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pōto , āvi, ātum, or pōtum, 1, v. a. and n. root po; Gr. πίνω, πέπωκα, to drink; Lat. potus, potor, poculum, etc..
I. Act., to drink (ante-class. and post-Aug.; syn. bibo), Caecil. ap. Gell. 2, 23, 13: “aquam,Suet. Ner. 48; Juv. 5, 52: “vinum,Plin. 14, 5, 7, § 58: “ut edormiscam hanc crapulam, quam potavi,this intoxication which I have drunk myself into, Plaut. Rud. 2, 7, 28.—
B. Transf.
1. Poet.
a. Potare flumen aliquod, to drink from a stream, i. q. to dwell by it: “fera, quae gelidum potat Araxen,Sen. Hippol. 57: “stagna Tagi,Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 286.—
b. Of inanim. subjects, to drink up, to suck or draw in, to absorb moisture (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “vestis sudorem potat,Lucr. 4, 1128: “potantia vellera fucum,Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 27: “potanda ferens infantibus ubera,Juv. 6, 9; Plin. 9, 38, 62, § 134.—
2. Causative (late Lat.), to give to drink, to cause to drink: “potasti nos vino,Vulg. Psa. 59, 5: “potaverunt me aceto,id. ib. 68, 22; id. Ecclus. 15, 3; id. Isa. 49, 10; id. Apoc. 14, 8.—
II. Neutr., to drink.
A. In gen. (class.): “redi simul mecum potatum,Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 28: “potaturus est apud me,Ter. Phorm. 5, 5, 9: “si potare velit,Cic. Brut. 83, 288: potare dilutius, id. Fragm. ap. Amm. 15, 12, 4: “potum veniunt juvenci,Verg. E. 7, 11: cornibus, from or out of horns, Plin. 11, 37, 45, § 126.—Part.: potatus, caused to drink, furnished with drink: “felle et aceto potatus,Tert. Spect. 30: “et omnes in spiritu potati sunt,Vulg. 1 Cor. 12, 13.—
I. Act., that has drunk: et pransus sum, et potus sum, dicamus, Varr. ap. Gell. 2, 25, 7; but usually, drunken, intoxicated (class.): “domum bene potus redire,Cic. Fam. 7, 22: “inscitia pransi, poti, oscitantis ducis,id. Mil. 21, 56: “anus,Hor. C. 4, 13, 5; id. S. 1, 3, 90. —
II. Pass., that has been drunk, drunk, drunk up, drunk out, drained (class.): “sanguine tauri poto,Cic. Brut. 11, 43: “poti faece tenus cadi,Hor. C. 3, 15, 16: “amygdalae ex aquā potae,Plin. 23, 8, 75, § 144.
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