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praeda , ae (old
I.abl. sing. PRAEDAD. Inscr. Col. Rostr.), f. for praehenda, from praehendo, v. prehendo, property taken in war, booty, spoil, plunder, pillage (syn.: exuviae, spolium).
I. Lit.: praedā exercitus undat, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. G. 2, 437 (Ann. v. 320 Vahl.): “praedas ac manubias in urbis ornamenta conferre,Cic. Agr. 2, 23, 61; cf. manubiae, and the passages there cited with praeda; so plur.: “praedarum in parte repertā frangebat pocula,Juv. 11, 101.—Mostly sing.: “praeda ante parta,Cic. Prov. Cons. 11, 28: praedam capere de praedonibus Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 14: “praedam militibus donare,Caes. B. G. 7, 11 fin.: “victores praedā spoliisque potiti,Verg. A. 9, 450.—
II. Transf.
A. An animal, bird, etc., caught or killed in the chase; prey, game (poet. and in postAug. prose): “cervi luporum praeda rapacium,Hor. C. 4, 4, 50; Phaedr. 1, 5; Verg. A. 3, 223; Plin. 8, 55, 81, § 219; “of fishing,Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 4; Ov. M. 13, 936: in saltu venantur aves; “hinc praeda cubili Ponitur,Juv. 14, 82.—Prov.: “praeda canum lepus est,Mart. 1, 22, 5.—Transf., of a person, prey, Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 23; Ov. H. 15, 51.—
B. In gen., booty, spoil, gain, profit: “illa, quae empta ex praedā est,Plaut. Ep. 5, 1, 2; 15; 3, 3, 13: “adeste, sultis, praeda erit praesentium,id. Stich. 1, 3, 67: “maximos quaestus praedasque facere,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 50, § 119; Hor. S. 2, 3, 68: “ostendit praedam,treasure trove, Phaedr. 5, 6, 4: “a quibus magnas praedas Agesilaus faciebat,from which Agesilaus drew great advantage, Nep. Chabr. 2, 3; cf. Plin. 26, 1, 3, § 4.
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