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prae-jūdĭcĭum , ii, n.
II. Transf.
A. Any thing that precedes another thing in such manner that we can judge or conclude from it what is further to happen, a precedent, example: Pompeius nullo proelio pulsus, vestri facti praejudicio demotus Italiā excessit, by the example of your conduct (which he feared would be imitated), Caes. B. C. 2, 32: “an Africi belli praejudicia sequimini?id. ib. fin.: “orabat ut se praejudicio juvarem,Plin. Ep. 5, 1, 2: “statim quaestor ejus in praejudicium aliquot criminibus arreptus est,as an example of what was to happen to himself, Suet. Caes. 23.—
B. A damage, disadvantage, prejudice (post-class.): “praejudicium in patrem quaeri,Sen. Ben. 4, 35, 2: “absque praejudicio,Gell. 2, 2, 7: “neque enim alimentorum causa veritati facit praejudicium,does no harm, Dig. 1, 6, 10: “sine ullo litis praejudicio,ib. 26, 2, 27; Vulg. 1 Tim. 5, 21.—
C. A judicial examination previous to a trial: “quoties de hoc contenditur, an quis libertus sit, etc., ... redditur praejudicium,Dig. 40, 14, 6: “patronus in praejudicio possessor esse videtur,ib. 22, 3, 18.—
D. A decision made beforehand or before the proper time: “neminem praejudicium rei tantae afferre,Liv. 3, 40.
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