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praesĕs , ĭdis (
I.gen. plur. praesidium, Flor. 2, 17, 16), adj. and subst. [praesideo].
I. Sitting before a thing, to guard, take care of, or direct it; presiding, protecting, guarding, defending: “locus,a place of refuge, Plaut. Cas. 5, 1, 11 dub.: “dextra,Sen. Med. 247: “di praesides imperii,protecting deities, Tac. H. 4, 53.—
II. Subst.: praesĕs , ĭdis, comm.
B. Transf., in gen., one that presides over, a president, superintendent, head, chief, ruler: “praeses belli,” i. e. Minerva, Verg. A. 11, 483: “vobis per suffragia uti praesides olim, nunc dominos destinatis,Sall. H. 3, 61, 6 Dietsch: “provinciarum,governors, Suet. Aug. 23: quorum (praetorum) in provinciis jurisdictionem praesides earum habent, Gai. Inst. 1, 6; cf.: “praesidis nomen generale est, eo quod et proconsules et legati Caesaris, et omnes provincias regentes (licet senatores sint) praesides appellentur,Dig. 1, tit. 1.
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