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quĭă ,
I.conj. [for quiam, from abl. quī and jam, whereby now; hence], because (usually, like quod, of the determining reason; while quonĭam introduces any casual circumstance).
I. In gen., constr. with indic. in asserting a fact; with subj. in stating an assumed reason, or one entertained by another mind: “quia fores nostras ausa es accedere, quiaque istas buccas,Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 34: “urbs, quae quia postrema aedificata est, Neapolis nominatur,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 53, § 119: “non quia multis debeo,id. Planc. 32, 78: “non quia plus animi victis est, sed, etc.,Liv. 10, 41, 12: “non tam quia pacem volebant Samnites, quam quia nondum parati erant ad bellum,id. 8, 19, 3; 7, 30, 13; 33, 27, 6; 39, 41, 2. — With subj.: “nil satis est, inquit, quia tantum, quantum habeas, sis,Hor. S. 1, 1, 62; cf. id. Ep. 1, 1, 30; Just. 17, 3, 10: “mater irata est, quia non redierim,Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 103; Hor. S. 2, 3, 101; 2, 2, 25; Just. 24, 3, 3: “carent quia,Hor. C. 4, 9, 28.—
II. Esp., with other particles.
A. Quiane, in a question, because? (ante-class. and poet.): Do. Tu nunc me irrides? Le. Quiane te voco, bene ut tibi sit? Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 69: “quiane auxilio juvat ante levatos?Verg. A. 4, 538. —
B. Quia enim, because forsooth (poet.): quī tibi nunc istuc in mentem venit? So. Quia enim sero advenimus, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 34; Ter. Heaut. 1, 2, 14.—
C. Quia nam, and quianam, like the Gr. τί γάρ, why? wherefore? (poet.): “quianam pro quare et cur positum apud antiquos,Fest. p. 257 Müll.; “Naev. and Enn. ap. Fest. l. l.: quianam arbitrare?Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 34: quianam legiones caedimu' ferro? Enn. ap. Serv. Verg. A 10, 6: “quianam sententia vobis Versa retro?Verg. A. 10, 6; 5, 13 al.
III. Introducing an object-clause, = quod, that (postclass.): “nescitis quia iniqui non possidebunt?Vulg. 1 Cor. 6, 9; id. 4 Reg. 2, 3: “credo, quia mendacio possunt (animas movere),Tert. Anim. 5; id. Idol. 20: “ignoras, quia, etc.,Aug. Serm. 9, 3; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6, 62: “non advertentes, quia, etc.,Cael. Aur. Tard. 1, 5, 71.—Quia very rarely follows the verb, Hor. S. 1, 9, 51.
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