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-linquo , līqui, lictum, 3, v. a.
I. (With the idea of the re predominating.) To leave behind (cf. desero, omitto).
A. In gen., to leave behind by removing one's self; to leave, move away from; to leave, abandon (a person or thing).
2. Trop.: hanc eram ipsam excusationem relicturus ad Caesarem, was about to leave behind me just this excuse (for my departure), Cic. Att. 9, 6, 1: “aculeos in animis,id. Brut. 9, 38: “quod coeptum est dici, relinquitur in cogitatione audientium,Auct. Her. 4, 30, 41: “aetate relictā,Ov. M. 7, 170: “repetat relicta,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 97.— “Of rank or merit: (Homerus) omnes sine dubio et in omni genere eloquentiae procul a se reliquit,Quint. 10, 1, 51.—
B. In partic.
1. To leave behind one by death; to leave, bequeath, etc.
2. To leave a thing behind; to leave remaining; to allow or permit to remain, to let remain, leave; pass., to be left, to remain.
b. Trop.: “quasi corpori reliqueris Tuo potestatem coloris ulli capiendi mala,Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 37: “quam igitur relinquis populari rei publicae laudem?Cic. Rep. 3, 35, 48: “ut vobis non modo dignitatis retinendae, sed ne libertatis quidem recuperandae spes relinquatur,id. Agr. 1, 6, 17: “ceterorum sententiis semotis, relinquitur non mihi cum Torquato, sed virtuti cum voluptate certatio,id. Fin. 2, 14, 44; cf.: “ne qua spes in fugā relinqueretur,Caes. B. G. 1, 51: “nullā provocatione ad populum contra necem et verbera relicta,Cic. Rep. 2, 37, 62; Hor. S. 1, 10, 51: “quis igitur relictus est objurgandi locus?Ter. And. 1, 1, 127; cf.: “nihil est preci loci relictum,id. ib. 3, 4, 22; id. Phorm. 3, 3, 14; “and, in another sense: plane nec precibus nostris nec admonitionibus relinquit locum,” i. e. he leaves no occasion for them, renders them superfluous, Cic. Fam. 1, 1, 2: “ne cui iniquo relinqueremus vituperandi locum,id. Q. Fr. 2, 4, 1: “Aedui nullum sibi ad cognoscendum spatium relinquunt,Caes. B. G. 7, 42: “spatium deliberandi,Nep. Eun, 12, 3: “vita turpis ne morti quidem honestae locum relinquit,Cic. Quint. 15, 49; Plaut. Cas. 2, 3, 33; cf. Cic. Brut. 72, 253 (v. Bernhardy ad loc.): “vita relicta est tantum modo,Ov. P. 4, 16, 49: “quod munitioni castrorum tempus relinqui volebat,Caes. B. G. 5, 9 fin.: “mihi consilium et virtutis vestrae regimen relinquite,Tac. H. 1, 84: “suspicionem alicui relinquere,Suet. Caes. 86: “aliquem veniae vel saevitiae alicujus,Tac. H. 1, 68 fin.: “aliquem poenae,Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 20: “aliquem poenae,Ov. M. 7, 41: leto, poenaeque, id. id. 14, 217; cf.: “urbem direptioni et incendiis,to give up, surrender, abandon, Cic. Fam. 4, 1, 2: “neu relinquas hominem innocentem ad alicujus tui dissimilis quaestum,do not leave, id. ib. 13, 64: “aliquid in alicujus spe,id. Div. in Caecil. 8, 26; cf. id. ib. 4, 16. — Poet., with obj.-clause: “(metus) Omnia suffundens mortis nigrore, neque ullam Esse voluptatem liquidam puramque relinquit,Lucr. 3, 40; 1, 703; Ov. M. 14, 100: “dum ex parvo nobis tantundem haurire relinquas,Hor. S. 1, 1, 52; Sil. 3, 708: nihil relinquitur nisi fuga, there is nothing left, nothing remains, but, etc., Att. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 10, 6: “relinquitur illud, quod vociferari non destitit, non debuisse, etc.,Cic. Fl. 34, 85; cf.: “mihi nihil relicti quicquam aliud jam esse intellego,Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 81.— Impers. relinquitur, with ut (Zumpt, Gram. § “621): relinquitur, ut, si vincimur in Hispaniā, quiescamus,it remains, that, Cic. Att. 10, 8, 2; cf.: relinquebatur, ut neque longius ab agmine legionum discedi Caesar pateretur, Caes. B. G. 5, 19 fin.— In a logical conclusion: relinquitur ergo, ut omnia tria genera sint causarum, hence it follows that, etc., Cic. Inv. 1, 9, 12; id. Div. 2, 5, 14.—
3. With double predicate, to leave a thing behind in a certain state; to leave, let remain, suffer to be, etc.: “eum Plautus locum Reliquit integrum,has left untouched, Ter. Ad. prol. 10: “praesertim cum integram rem et causam reliquerim,have left unaltered, Cic. Att. 5, 21, 13; cf.: “Scaptius me rogat, ut rem sic relinquam,id. ib. 5, 21, 13, § “12: Morini, quos Caesar in Britanniam proficiscens pacatos reliquerat,Caes. B. G. 4, 37; cf.: “amici, quos incorruptos Jugurtha reliquerat,Sall. J. 103, 2: “reliquit (eam) Incertam et tristi turbatam volnere mentis,Verg. A. 12, 160: “(naves) in litore deligatas ad ancoram relinquebat,Caes. B. G. 5, 9: “erat aeger in praesidio relictus,id. ib. 6, 38: “in mediis lacerā nave relinquor aquis,Ov. P. 2, 3, 28: “quod insepultos reliquissent eos, quos, etc.,Cic. Rep. 4, 8, 26; 2, 11, 21: “aliquid incohatum,id. ib. 1, 35, 55; cf.: “inceptam oppugnationem,to give up, abandon, quit, Caes. B. G. 7, 17: “incoepta fila,Ov. M. 6, 34: “infecta sacra,id. ib. 6, 202: “opus incoeptum,id. A. A. 2, 78: “verba imperfecta,id. H. 13, 13: “pro effectis relinquunt, vixdum incohata,Quint. 5, 13, 34: “aliquid injudicatum,id. 10, 1, 67: “aliquid neglectum,id. 1, 1, 29: “incertum,id. 2, 10, 14: “tantas copias sine imperio,Caes. B. G. 7, 20 init.; cf.: “sine ture aras,Ov. M. 8, 277: “verbum in ambiguo,Lucr. 4, 1137: “mulierem nullam nominabo: tantum in medio relinquam,Cic. Cael. 20, 48; cf.: “correptio in dubio relicta,Quint. 7, 9, 13.
II. (With the idea of the verb predominant.) To leave behind one, to leave, go away from; to forsake, abandon, desert a person or thing.
A. In gen.
1. Lit.: “ubi illaec obsecrost quae me hic reliquit,Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 32: relinquamus nebulonem hunc, Scip. Afr. ap. Gell. 4, 18, 3; cf.: “non ego te hic lubens relinquo neque abeo abs te,Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 33: “domum propinquosque reliquisse,Caes. B. G. 1, 44; cf. id. ib. 1, 30: “relictis locis superioribus,Hirt. B. G. 8, 36: “loci relinquendi facultas,Caes. B. G. 3, 4 fin.: “Ilio relicto,Hor. C. 1, 10, 14: “urbes,id. ib. 2, 20, 5: “moenia,id. Epod. 17, 13: “litus relictum Respicit,Ov. M. 2, 873: “Roma relinquenda est,id. Tr. 1, 3, 62: “colles clamore relinqui (sc.: a bubus),were left behind, Verg. A. 8, 216 Wagn.: “limen,id. ib. 5, 316: “mensas,id. ib. 3, 213: “dominos,Cat. 61, 51: “volucres Ova relinquebant,Lucr. 5, 802 et saep.—
B. In partic., pregn., to leave in the lurch; to forsake, abandon, desert, etc. (v. desero, destituo, prodo).
1. Lit.: “qui ... Reliquit deseruitque me,has forsaken me, has given me the slip, Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 45; cf.: “reliquit me homo atque abiit,Ter. And. 4, 4, 5: “succurrere relictae,Verg. A. 9, 290.— “Of the forsaking of a lover by his mistress,Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 64; Tib. 3, 6, 40; Prop. 1, 6, 8; Ov. H. 10, 80; id. M. 8, 108: “paucos, qui ex fugā evaserant, reliquerunt,” i. e. let them escape, Caes. B. G. 3, 19. — Of things, to leave, give up, abandon, etc.: “argentum si relinquo ac non peto, etc.,Plaut. Aul. 1, 2, 31: “auctores signa relinquendi et deserendi castra,Liv. 5, 6; cf.: “relictā non bene parmulā,Hor. C. 2, 7, 10.—
2. Trop., to leave, let alone, give up, resign, neglect, forsake, abandon, relinquish: “rem et causam et utilitatem communem non relinquere solum, sed etiam prodere,Cic. Caecin. 18, 50 (for which: “derelinquo jam communem causam,id. ib. 35, 103): “jus suum dissolute,id. ib. 36, 103: “affectum, cum ad summum perduxerimus,Quint. 6, 1, 29: “(puella) Quod cupide petiit, mature plena reliquit,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 100: eum rogato, ut relinquat alias res et huc veniat, to leave or lay aside every thing else, Plaut. Rud. 4, 6, 8; cf.: “omnibus relictis rebus,id. Cist. 1, 1, 6; so, “relictis rebus (omnibus),id. Ep. 4, 2, 35; id. Truc. 2, 1, 25; Ter. And. 2, 5, 1; id. Eun. 1, 2, 86; id. Heaut. 4, 7, 12; Lucr. 3, 1071; Cic. de Or. 3, 14, 51; Caes. B. C. 3, 102; cf. “also: res omnes relictas habeo prae quod tu velis,Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 38: “omnia relinques, si me amabis, cum, etc.,Cic. Fam. 2, 14: “et agrorum et armorum cultum,to give up, abandon, neglect, id. Rep. 2, 4, 7: “si tu ea relinquis et deseris,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 36, § 80: “studium exquirendi,id. Ac. 1, 3, 7: “agrum alternis annis,to suffer to lie fallow, Varr. R. R. 1, 44, 3: “loca relicta,uncultivated, wild lands, Front. Limit. p. 42 Goes.; so, “relictae possessiones,Cic. Agr. 1, 1, 3: “milites bellum illud, quod erat in manibus, reliquisse,abandoned, relinquished, id. Rep. 2, 37, 63; cf. possessionem, Pollio ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 33, 4: “obsidionem,to raise the siege, Liv. 5, 48: “caedes relinquo, libidines praetereo,leave unmentioned, Cic. Prov. Cons. 3, 6: “consulto relinquere (locum), opp. praetermittere,id. Off. 3, 2, 9; cf.: “hoc certe neque praetermittendum neque relinquendum est,id. Cat. 3, 8, 18; and: “audistis haec, judices, quae nunc ego omnia praetereo et relinquo,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 44, § 106; “in this sense also,id. Brut. 45, 165; cf. id. ib. 19, 76; Hor. A. P. 150: “cur injurias tuas conjunctas cum publicis reliquisti?left unnoticed, uncensured, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 33, § 84; cf.: “vim et causam efficiendi reliquerunt,id. Fin. 1, 6, 18: “vos legatum omni supplicio interfectum relinquetis?id. Imp. Pomp. 5, 11: “quis est, qui vim hominibus armatis factam relinqui putet oportere,id. Caecin. 3, 9.—Poet., with obj.clause: “quod si plane contueare, mirari multa relinquas,leave off, cease, Lucr. 6, 654.
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