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^-trăho , xi, ctum, 3, v. a.
I. To draw back, withdraw; to call back (class.).
A. Lit.: “me retrahis,Plaut. Rud. 4, 3, 8; “aliquem,Cic. Sen. 23, 83; Liv. 30, 20; 21, 63 (in the last two passages with revocare); “10, 25: bos domitus et procurrentem (bovem) retrahit, et cunctantem producit,holds back, Col. 6, 2, 10: aliquem hinc, Lucceius ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 14, 1: “Hannibalem in Africam (Scipio),Cic. Fin. 2, 17, 56: “aliquem in urbem,Caes. B. C. 1, 9: “manum,Cic. Cael. 26, 63: “pedem,Verg. A. 10, 307: “quo fata trahunt retrahuntque,id. ib. 5, 709: “castra intra penitus,Liv. 36, 17 Drak.: “occulere aut retrahere aliquid (pecuniae),to keep back, withhold, id. 32, 38 fin.: “se,Cic. Cael. 27, 64; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 58: “se ab ictu,Ov. M. 3, 87: “se a convivio,Cels. 1, 1, 5; Capitol. Anton. Phil. 14, 2.— “Mid.: (corpuscula complexa) inter se retrahuntur,Lucr. 2, 155: “in servitutem retrahi,Tac. A. 13, 26. —
2. In partic., to drag back, bring back a fugitive, Caes. B. G. 5, 7; Liv. 2, 12; 25, 7: “ut retractus, non reversus, videretur,Cic. Phil. 6, 4, 10; Sall. C. 39, 5: “ex fugā, 47, 4: fugientem,Just. 38, 9, 6; 38, 10, 13. — “Hence, comically, of fugitive money,Ter. Heaut. 4, 2, 11; cf. also infra, B.—
B. Trop., to draw back, withdraw, remove, etc.: “postquam poëta vetus poëtam non potest Retrahere ab studio,to withdraw, remove, Ter. Phorm. prol. 2: “aliquem a re publicā,Cic. Sest. 15, 34: “Thebas ab interitu,Nep. Epam. 8, 4: “aliquem ex magnis detrimentis,Suet. Aug. 71: “ex viginti trecentisque millibus ad centum quinquaginta retraxit,” i. e. he reduced them to one hundred and fifty thousand, Suet. Caes. 41 Oud.: “verba,to keep back, suppress, Sen. Ep. 3, 6; so, “vires ingenii,id. ib. 79, 3: noctes, to shorten, Manil. 4, 253: “stellae splendorem suum,Vulg. Joel, 2, 10: genus ejusmodi calliditatis et calumniae retrahetur in odium judicis, is drawn or converted into, results in, Cic. Part. 39, 137: “imaginem nocturnae quietis ad spem haud dubiam retraxit,Tac. A. 16, 1.— “With reference to the signif. A. 2: illa (verba), quae jam majoribus nostris ademit oblivio fugitiva,Varr. L. L. 5, § 5 Müll. —
II. To draw again or anew; to bring forth or to light again, make known again (so perh. only in Tac.).
B. Trop.: “oblitterata aerarii monimenta,Tac. A. 13, 23: “potiorem civitatis partem ad societatem Romanam,id. H. 4, 56 fin.— Hence, rĕtractus , a, um, P. a., drawn back, lying back, remote, distant: emporium in intimo sinu Corinthiaco, Liv. 36, 21: “in trorsus sinus maris,id. 26, 42.—Comp.: “retractior a mari murus,Liv. 34, 9: “retractius paulo cubiculum,Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 6: “retracti introrsum oculi,deep-set, Sen. Contr. 1, 6.
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