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^trō , adv. from re and the pronominal suffix ter, as in citro, ultro, intro, etc..
I. Lit., of place, backwards, back; on the back side, behind.
a. Denoting tendency, direction, with verbs or nouns of motion: “multa videbis retro repulsa revorti,Lucr. 2, 130; so very often with redire, regredi, repetere, remittere, respicere, reverti, revocare, etc., v. h. vv., and cf. Drak. ad Liv. 22, 6, 7, and 27, 28, 6: “vestigia retro sequor,Verg. A. 2, 753; 9, 392; 11, 405: “dare lintea retro,id. ib. 3, 686: “ora retro Flectit,Ov. M. 15, 685: “retro inhibitā nave,Liv. 30, 10 et saep.: iter mihi retro ad Alpes versus incidit, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 2; cf.: “fugam retro spectante milite,Liv. 8, 19: “fugit retro,Hor. C. 2, 11, 5: “ne currente retro funis eat rotā,id. ib. 3, 10, 10: “meretrix retro Perjura cedit,id. ib. 1, 35, 25: “retro properare,Ov. H. 5, 31: “unde ad hunc orbem redii, unde retro nemo,Sen. Herc. Oet. 48.—
II. Trop.
A. Of time, back; in time back, in past times, before, formerly: “et deinceps retro usque ad Romulum,Cic. Rep. 1, 37, 58; cf.: “SVPER OMNES RETRO PRINCIPES FORTISSIMO IMP. CAES., etc.,Inscr. Orell. 1049; “and so, OMNES RETRO PRINCIPES,ib. 1098: “quodcumque retro est,is past, Hor. C. 3, 29, 46: “praemissa retro nobilitas,Stat. S. 1, 4, 68; Traj. ap. Plin. Ep. 10, 118 (120): “cujus vim si retro quoque velimus custodire (opp. in futurum),id. ib. 10, 115 (116) fin.: “meliorum retro principum ( = superiorum),Lampr. Alex. Sev. 34: “cum id ab aliis retro factum recordarer,Tert. Uxor. 2, 2: “Hebraei retro, qui nunc Judaei,id. Apol. 18.—
B. In other relations, back, behind, in return, on the contrary, on the other hand, vice versa: “ab imā (voce) ad summam ac retro multi sunt gradus,Quint. 11, 3, 15: “ut omnia, quae sine (honestate) sint, longe retro ponenda censeat,Cic. Tusc. 5, 31, 87: “rursum versus retroque,id. Part. 7, 24; cf.: “vide rursus retro,id. Fin. 5, 28, 83: sic omnia fatis In pejus ruere, ac retro sublapsa referri, i. e. against one's efforts or wish, Verg. G. 1, 200; cf.: “retro vivere,Sen. Ep. 122 fin.: “si malum perfidia, non est fallendum. Idem retro,Quint. 5, 10, 74: “fructus hominis in operis consistit et retro in fructu hominis operae sunt,Dig. 7, 7, 4; cf. ib. 46, 1, 21; 46, 3, 67 et saep.?*! The words containing retro in composition (except retroversus and retrorsus) are post-Aug.; they are sometimes written separately.
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