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Rōma , ae, f., = Ῥώμη,
I.the city of Rome, founded in the second year of the seventh Olympiad (B. C. 753), Cic. Rep. 1, 37, 58; 2, 10, 18; “worshipped as a goddess in a particular temple,Liv. 43, 6; Tac. A. 4, 37; Suet. Aug. 52; cf.: “Roma ferox,Hor. C. 3, 3, 44: “princeps urbium,id. ib. 4, 3, 13: “ROMAE AETERNAE,Inscr. Orell. 1762; 1776; 1799: “ROMAE ET AVGVSTO,ib. 606.—Hence,
A. Rōmānus , a, um, adj., of or belonging to Rome, Roman: forum, v. h. v.: populus Romanus (always in this order; abbreviated P. R.); v. populus: Juno, the Roman (opp. Argiva), Cic. N. D. 1, 29, 82: lingua Romana, i. e. Latin, Laurea Tull. poët. ap. Plin. 31, 2, 3, § 8; Tac. Agr. 21; Plin. Ep. 2, 10, 2; Vell. 2, 110: “Romana lingua,Macr. S. 1, praef. § 2; Lact. 3, 13, 10; Treb. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 28, 2; Aug. Ep. 167, 6: “litterae Romanae (= litterae Latinae),Quint. 1, 10, 23: “sermo Romanus,id. 2, 14, 1; 6, 2, 8; 10, 1, 100; 123: auctores. id. 10, 1, 85; Front. ad Ver. Imp. p. 125: ludi, also called ludi magni, the most ancient in Rome, annually celebrated on the 4th of September, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 14, § 36; Liv. 1, 35 fin.; 28, 10; 29, 38 fin. et saep.: “Romano more,in the Roman manner, plainly, openly, candidly, frankly, Cic. Fam. 7, 5, 3; 7, 18, 3; 7, 16, 3.—As subst.: Rōmānus , i, m.
a. Sing. collect., = the Romans, Liv. 2, 27, 1; 8, 3, 1. —
b. The Roman (sc. imperator), Liv. 21, 59, 5: “Romanus sedendo vincit (cf. Q. Fabius Maximus),Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 2.—
c. Plur.: “Romani,the Romans, Liv. 1, 25, 9; 13 et saep.— Adv.: Rōmānē , in the Roman manner, plainly, candidly, frankly, etc., Gell. 13, 21, 2. — Hence, Rōmānĭtas , ātis, f., Romanism, the Roman way or manner, Tert. Pall. 4.—
B. Rōmānĭcus , a, um, adj., Roman: “aratra, juga,” i. e. made in Rome, Cato, R. R. 135, 2: “fiscinae,id. ib. 135, 2, § 3.—
C. -mānĭensis , e, adj., of Rome, Roman: “sal,Cato, R. R. 162.—Collat. form Rōmānen-ses , Paul. ex Fest. s. v. Corinthienses, p. 61, 1 Müll. —
D. Rōmānŭlus , a, um, adj. dim., of Rome, Roman: “Porta,Varr. L. L 5, § 164 Müll.—
E. Rōmŭlĭus or -mĭlĭus , a, um, adj., of Rome, Roman: “tribus,Varr. L. L. 5, § 56 Müll.; Fest. pp. 270 and 271 ib.; Cic. Agr. 2, 29, 79.
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