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rŏsa , ae, f. kindr. with ῥόδον,
I.a rose.
I. Lit., Varr R. R. 1, 35, 1; Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 14: “Paestanae rosae,Mart. 4, 42, 10: “cape rosas,id. 2, 59, 3; “sacred to Venus,Aus. Idyll. 14; cf. id. ib. 6, 76 and 92; “blooms latest of the spring flowers,Plin. 21, 11, 38, § 64.—Hence, sera, Hor. C. 1, 38, 3; cf. “Cicero's reproach: cum rosam viderat, tum incipere ver arbitrabatur,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 27.—Used on festive and solemn occasions for wreaths, for strewing in the way or upon graves, at feasts, etc., Lucr. 2, 627; Hor. C. 1, 36, 15; 2, 11, 14; 3, 19, 22; 29, 3; Prop. 1, 17, 22; 3, 5 (4, 4), 22; 4 (5), 8, 40; Plin. 18, 26, 64, § 236; Sen. Hippol. 769; Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 34; Tac. H. 2, 70 et saep.; cf. Becker, Gall. 3, p. 32 (2d edit.): plena rosarum Atria. Ov. M. 2, 113.— Prov.: inter vepres rosae nascuntur, Amm. 16, 7, 4. —
B. Collect., for roses, wreaths of roses (only so in class. prose): “sertis redimiri jubebis et rosā?Cic. Tusc. 3, 18, 43: “an tu me in violā putabas aut in rosā dicere?on, among roses, id. ib. 5, 26, 73: “in rosā potare,id. Fin. 2, 20, 65: “jacere,Sen. Ep. 36, 9: “vivere,Mart. 8, 77, 2; cf.: “multā in rosā,Hor. C. 1, 5, 1: “pulvinus perlucidus rosā fartus,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 27.—
II. Transf.
A. As a word of endearment, in Plautus: “mea rosa,my rose, my rosebud, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 74; id. Bacch. 1, 1, 50; “or simply rosa,id. Men. 1, 3, 9: “tu mihi rosa es,id. Curc. 1, 2, 6.—
B. Oil of roses, Cels. 8, 3; 4; 6, 18, 8. —
C. The season or month of roses, Inscr. Grut. 753, 4; cf. rosales.—
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