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rŭīna , ae, f. ruo,
I.a rushing or tumbling down; a falling down, fall (syn.: casus, lapsus).
I. In abstracto.
A. Lit.
1. In gen. (rare). grandinis, Lucr. 6, 156: “aquarum,Cael. Aur. Tard. 2, 1 med.: “nostra (sc. nucum),Mart. 13, 25, 2: “jumentorum sarcinarumque,Liv. 44, 5: Capanei, a fall by lightning (v. Capaneus), Prop. 2, 34 (3, 32), 40: “(apri saevi) Permixtas dabant equitum peditumque ruinas,Lucr. 5, 1329: Tyrrhenus et Aconteus Conixi incurrunt hastis, primique ruinam Dant sonitu ingenti, rush or fall upon each other, Verg. A. 11, 613: “interea suspensa graves aulaea ruinas In patinam fecere,fell down, Hor. S. 2, 8, 54.—
2. In partic., of buildings, a tumbling or falling down, downfall, ruin (class.; in good prose only in sing.): “repentinā ruinā pars ejus turris concidit ... tum hostes, turris repentinā ruinā commoti, etc.,Caes. B. C. 2, 11 fin. and 12 init.; cf.: ferunt conclave illud, ubi epularetur Scopas, concidisse: eā ruinā ipsum oppressum cum suis interiisse, Cic. de Or. 2, 86, 353; id. Div. 2, 8, 20; Tac. A. 2, 47: “aedificiorum,Suet. Oth. 8: “amphitheatri,id. Tib. 40: “camerae,id. Ner. 34: “spectaculorum,id. Calig. 31: “pontis,id. Aug. 20: “tecta Penthei Disjecta non leni ruinā,Hor. C. 2, 19, 15: “jam Deiphobi dedit ampla ruinam, Vulcano superante, domus,” i. e. fell in, Verg. A. 2, 310; so, “trahere ruinam,id. ib. 2, 465; 9, 712; cf. B. α, infra: “effulsisse inter ruinam ignes,Tac. A. 2, 47: “ruinam urbis et incendia recordantes,Just. 5, 7, 10: “morbus, captivitas, ruina, ignis,Sen. Tranq. 11, 6: “multos occidere incendii ac ruinae potentia est,id. Clem. 1, 26, 5.—In plur.: “tantae in te impendent ruinae, nisi suffulcis firmiter,Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 77; so Vell. 2, 35, 4 (with incendia); Suet. Vesp. 8; Lucr. 2, 1145: “si fractus illabatur orbis, Impavidum ferient ruinae,Hor. C. 3, 3, 8: “dum Capitolio dementes ruinas parabat,id. ib. 1, 37, 7.—
B. Trop., a downfall, fall, ruin; accident, catastrophe, disaster, overthrow, destruction, etc. (freq. and class.; used equally in sing. and plur.; cf.: exitium, pernicies).
(α). Sing.: “vis illa fuit et, ut saepe jam dixi, ruina quaedam atque tempestas,a catastrophe, Cic. Clu. 35, 96: incendium meum ruinā restinguam, with the overthrow, fall (of the State), Catilina ap. Sall. C. 31, 9, and ap. Cic. Mur. 25, 51: “ut communi ruinā patriae opprimerentur,Liv. 45, 26; Vell. 2, 91, 4; 2, 85, 1; 2, 124, 1: “in hac ruinā rerum stetit una integra atque immobilis virtus populi Romani,Liv. 26, 41: “rerum nostrarum,id. 5, 51: “urbis,id. 25, 4: “ex loco superiore impetu facto, strage ac ruinā fudere Gallos,utter defeat, id. 5, 43; cf.: “ruinae similem stragem eques dedit,id. 4, 33: “Cannensis,id. 23, 25; 42, 66 fin.; 4, 46; “5, 47: ruina soceri in exsilium pulsus,Tac. H. 4, 6; cf. id. G. 36: “pereat sceleratus, regnique trahat patriaeque ruinam,Ov. M. 8, 497: “aliae gentes belli sequuntur ruinam,Flor. 2, 12, 1: “ille dies utramque Ducet ruinam,” i. e. death, Hor. C. 2, 17, 9: “Neronis principis,Plin. 17, 25, 38, § 245.—
II. In concreto.
1. That which tumbles or falls down, a fall (not anteAug.).
A. In gen. (poet.): “disjectam Aenaeae toto videt aequore classem Fluctibus oppressos Troas caelique ruinā,” i. e. a storm, rain, Verg. A. 1, 129; so, “caeli (with insani imbres),Sil. 1, 251: “poli,” i. e. thunder, Val. Fl. 8, 334.—
B. In partic. (acc. to I. A. 2.), a building that has tumbled down, a ruin, ruins (mostly in plur., and not in Cic. prose): “nunc humilis veteres tantummodo Troja ruinas ostendit,Ov. M. 15, 424: “Sagunti ruinae nostris capitibus incident,Liv. 21, 10, 10: “(urbs) deserta ac strata prope omnis ruinis,id. 33, 38, 10: “fumantes Thebarum ruinae,id. 9, 18, 7: “ruinis templorum templa aedificare,id. 42, 3: “in tugurio ruinarum Carthaginiensium,Vell. 2, 19 fin. —In sing.: “alius par labor ... flumina ad lavandam hanc ruinam jugis montium ducere,Plin. 33, 4, 21, § 74: “EX RVINA TEMPLI MARTIS,Inscr. Orell. 2448 (A.D. 256).—
2. Transf., of persons who cause ruin, a destroyer: “rei publicae,Cic. Sest. 51, 109: “ruinae publicanorum,id. Prov. Cons. 6, 13.
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