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-cĭpĭo , cēpi, ceptum, 3 (
I.fut. apoc. recipie, for recipiam, Cato ap. Fest. p. 138 and 236 Müll.; v. dico init.: “recepso, for recepero,Cat. 44, 19), v. a. capio.
I. To take back, get back, bring back; to retake, regain, recover.
A. Lit. (very freq. and class.): “dandis recipiendisque meritis,Cic. Lael. 8, 26: “tu me sequere ad trapezitam . . . recipe actutum,Plaut. Curc. 5, 3, 49 (just before, ni argentum refers); cf.: “centum talenta et credidisse eos constat, et non recepisse,Quint. 5, 10, 111; and (opp. mutuum dare) Mart. 3, 40, 4: “si velit suos recipere, obsides sibi remittat,Caes. B. G. 3, 8 fin.: “obsides,Suet. Aug. 21: “reges,Liv. 2, 15: “recepto amico,Hor. C. 2, 7, 27; 4, 2, 47. — Freq. of places, etc., once captured and lost, to retake: “cum Tarento amisso ... aliquot post annos Maximus id oppidum recepisset ... nunquam ego (Tarentum) recepissem, nisi tu perdidisses,Cic. de Or. 2, 67, 273; cf. id. Sen. 4, 11: “Lavinium,Liv. 2, 39; “so of other things: recipere suas res amissas,Liv. 3, 63: “praeda omnis recepta est,id. 3, 3: “signa, quae ademerant Parthi,Suet. Tib. 9: “arma,Liv. 9, 11; Curt. 4, 12, 17: pectore in adverso totum cui comminus ensem Condidit assurgenti, et multā morte recepit, drew out again, = retraxit, Verg. A. 9, 348; so, “sagittam ab alterā parte,Cels. 7, 5, 2: suos omnes incolumes receperunt (sc. ex oppido in castra), drew off, withdrew, = reduxerunt, Caes. B. G. 7, 12 fin.; so, “milites defessos,id. B. C. 1, 45 fin.: “exercitum,Liv. 10, 42: “equitatum navibus ad se intra munitiones,Caes. B. C. 3, 58: “illum ego ... medio ex hoste recepi,bore away, rescued, Verg. A. 6, 111.—
b. With se, to draw back, withdraw from or to any place, to betake one's self anywhere; in milit. lang., to retire, retreat: “se ex eo loco,Plaut. Aul. 4, 8, 10; cf.: “se e fano,id. Poen. 4, 1, 5: “se ex opere,id. Men. 5, 3, 7: “se ex hisce locis,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 10, § 21: “se e Siciliā,id. Brut. 92, 318: “se ex fugā,Caes. B. G. 7, 20 fin.; id. B. C. 3, 102: “se inde,id. B. G. 5, 15: “se hinc,id. B. C. 1, 45 et saep.: “recipe te,Plaut. Trin. 4, 3, 8: “se,Cic. Off. 3, 10, 45 (just before, reverti); Caes. B. C. 3, 45 (coupled with loco excedere); 3, 46; cf.: “sui recipiendi facultas,id. B. G. 3, 4 fin.; 6, 37; “for which: se recipiendi spatium,Liv. 10, 28: “recipe te ad erum,Plaut. Trin. 4, 3, 20: “se ad dominum,id. ib. 4, 3, 1: “se ad nos,Cic. Att. 4, 15, 2: “se ad suos,Caes. B. G. 1, 46; 7, 82; id. B. C. 3, 38; 3, 50; 3, 52 fin.: “se ad Caesarem (Allobroges, legati),id. B. G. 1, 11; 4, 38: “se ad agmen,id. ib. 7, 13; id. B. C. 3, 75 fin.: “se penitus ad extremos fines,id. B. G. 6, 10: “se ad legionem,id. ib. 7, 50 fin.: “se ad oppidum llerdam,id. B. C. 1, 45: “se ad ordines suos,id. ib. 2, 41: “se ad signa,id. B. G. 5, 34 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 43 fin.: “se a pabulo ad stabulum,Plaut. Mil. 2, 3, 33: “inde se in currus,Caes. B. G. 4, 33 fin.: “se ex castris in oppidum,id. B. C. 2, 35: “se in castra,id. B. G. 2. 11 fin.; 2, 24; 3, 6; 3, 26 fin.; “4, 15 et saep.: se in fines,id. ib. 4, 16: “se in Galliam,id. ib. 4, 19 fin.: “se in montem,id. ib. 1, 25: se in antiquas munitiones, id. B. C. 3, 54 fin.: “se in silvas ad suos,id. B. G. 2, 19: “se in castra ad urbem,id. B. C. 2, 25; 2, 26; cf.: “se retro in castra,Liv. 23, 36; “and with this cf.: sese retro in Bruttios,id. 23, 37; “and so, se, with rursus,Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 25; id. Pers. 4, 5, 6; id. Rud. 4, 6, 19; Caes. B. G. 5, 34 fin.; id. B. C. 2, 41 et saep.: “se in novissimos,Liv. 7, 40: “se intra munitiones,Caes. B. G. 5, 44; cf.: “se intra montes,id. B. C. 1, 65: “se per declive,id. ib. 3, 51: “se sub murum,id. ib. 2, 14: “se trans Rhenum,id. B. G. 6, 41: “se Larissam versus,id. B. C. 3, 97: “se domum ex hostibus,Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 52: “se domum,id. ib. 2, 2, 31; id. Capt. 1, 2, 25; id. Aul. 2, 1, 55: “se Adrumetum,Caes. B. C. 2, 23: “se Hispalim,id. ib. 2, 20: “se Dyrrhachium ad Pompeium,id. ib. 3, 9 fin.: “se illuc,Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 10; id. Merc. 5, 2, 40; id. Ps. 3, 1, 23 al.; cf.: “se huc esum ad praesepim suam,id. Curc. 2, 1, 13: “se eo,Caes. B. G. 1, 25 et saep. — In the same meaning, without se: neque sepulcrum, quo recipiat, habeat portum corporis, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 44, 107 (Trag. v. 415 Vahl.); cf. “of a military retreat: si quo erat longius prodeundum aut celerius recipiendum,Caes. B. G. 1, 48 fin.; so without se after the verbum finitum several times in Plaut.: “rursum in portum recipimus,Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 60: “dum recipis,id. Rud. 3, 6, 42: “actutum face recipias,id. Merc. 2, 4, 30. —
2. Transf.
(α). In business lang., to keep back, retain, reserve (cf. Gell. 17, 6, 6): “posticulum hoc recepit, quom aedis vendidit,Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 157; so in a sale, Crassus ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 226; Cic. Top. 26, 100; Dig. 19, 1, 53; 8, 4, 10: mulier magnam dotem dat et magnam pecuniam recipit, Cato ap. Gell. 17, 6, 8. — With object-clause, Cato, R. R. 149, 2. — With dat.: “aqua, itinere, actu domini usioni recipitur,Cato, R. R. 149, 2.—
(β). To restore (late Lat.): “urbem munitissimam,to fortify anew, Amm. 16, 3, 2. —
B. Trop., to get back, bring back; to receive again, regain, recover: “ut antiquam frequentiam recipere vastam ac desertam bellis urbem paterentur,Liv. 24, 3: “jus,Quint. 5, 10, 118: “et totidem, quot dixit, verba recepit,got back, Ov. M. 3, 384: “quam (vitam) postquam recepi,received again, id. ib. 15, 535: anhelitum, to recover one's breath, Plaut. Ep. 2, 2, 21; id. Merc. 3, 4, 16; cf. “spiritum,Quint. 11, 3, 55: “animam,Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 26; Quint. 6, prooem. § 13;: “a tanto pavore recipere animos,Liv. 21, 5, 16 Weissenb.: “a pavore animum,id. 2, 50, 10: “e pavore recepto animo,id. 44, 10, 1; “for which: animos ex pavore,id. 21, 5 fin.: “recepto animo,Curt. 6, 9, 2; 9, 5, 29: “animum vultumque,Ov. F. 4, 615: “mente receptā,Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 104: “(vocem) ab acutissimo sono usque ad gravissimum sonum recipere,to bring it back, Cic. de Or. 1, 59, 251. — “In zeugma (cf. I. A. supra): arma et animos,Curt. 4, 12, 17.—
b. With se.
(α). To betake one's self, withdraw, retire from or to any place: “ad ingenium vetus versutum te recipis tuum,Plaut. As. 2, 1, 7: “ad frugem bonam,Cic. Cael. 12, 28: “ad reliquam cogitationem belli,Caes. B. C. 3, 17 fin.: “se a voluptatibus in otium,Plin. Pan. 82, 8: “se in principem,to resume his princely air, id. ib. 76, 5.— More freq.,
(β). To recover, to collect one's self: “difficulter se recipiunt,regain strength, Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 17: “quae cum intuerer stupens, ut me recepi, Quis hic, inquam, etc.,Cic. Rep. 6, 18, 18: “nullum spatium respirandi recipiendique se dedit,Liv. 10, 28: “se ex terrore ac fugā,Caes. B. G. 2, 12: “se ex timore,id. ib. 4, 34: “se ex fugā,id. ib. 4, 27: “nondum totā me mente recepi,Ov. M. 5, 275.
II. (Acc. to re, I. b.) To take to one's self, admit, accept, receive; constr. with the simple acc., with ad, or in and acc., in and abl., with simple abl., with a local acc.
A. Lit.
(α). With simple acc.: “quos homines quondam Laurentis terra recepit, Enn. ap. Prisc. p 762 P. (Ann. v. 35 Vahl.): (ego) excludor, ille recipitur,Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 79: “aliquem,Cic. Off. 3, 11, 48: “hic nulla munitio est, quae perterritos recipiat,Caes. B. G. 6, 39; cf.: “hos tutissimus portus recipiebat,id. B. C. 3, 27; 1, 15; cf. id. ib. 3, 11 fin.; “3, 35: eum Jugurtha accuratissime recepit,Sall. J. 16, 3: “neque quisquam aut expulsus invidiosius aut receptus est laetius,Vell. 2, 45, 3; Quint. 7, 1, 14; 9, 2, 89: “nisi nos vicina Trivici Villa recepisset,Hor. S. 1, 5, 80 et saep.: “quisnam istic fluvius est, quem non recipiat mare?Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 86; cf. Caes. B. G. 4, 10; and: “(Peneus) accipit amnem Orcon nec recipit,” i. e. does not take it to itself, does not mingle with it, Plin. 4, 8, 15, § 31: “equus frenum recepit,received, submitted to, Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 36: “necesse erat, ab latere aperto tela recipi,Caes. B. G. 5, 35. —
(δ). With in and abl. (rare and in purely local relations; v. Kritz ad Sall. J. 5, 4): “aliquem in loco,Plaut. Stich. 5, 4, 3: “loricati in equis recipiuntur, Auct. B. Hisp. 4, 2: sidera in caelo recepta,Ov. M. 2, 529 (but in Liv. 24, 32, 6, the correct read. is tuto Hexapylo, without in; v. Weissenb. ad h. l.). — (ε) With simple abl. (mostly in purely local relations): “ut tuo recipias tecto servesque nos,Plaut. Rud. 1, 5, 18; so, “aliquem tecto,Caes. B. G. 7, 66 fin.: “exercitum tectis ac sedibus suis,Cic. Agr. 2, 33, 90: “aliquem suis urbibus,id. Fl. 25, 61: “aliquem civitate,id. Balb. 14, 32: “aliquem finibus suis,Caes. B. G. 6, 6; 7, 20 fin.: “aliquem oppido ac portu,id. B. C. 3, 12; 3, 102 fin.: “aliquem moenibus,Sall. J. 28, 2: “Romulus caelo receptus,Quint. 3, 7, 5: “receptus Terra Neptunus,Hor. A. P. 63 et saep. — (ζ) With local acc.: “me Acheruntem recipere Orcus noluit,Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 68: “aliquem domum suam,Cic. Arch. 3, 5; cf.: “aliquem domum ad se hospitio,Caes. B. C. 2, 20.— (η) Absol.: “plerosque hi, qui receperant, celant,Caes. B. C. 1, 76.—
2. Transf.
a. In business lang., to take in, receive as the proceeds of any thing: “dena milia sestertia ex melle,Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 11: “pecuniam ex novis vectigalibus,Cic. Agr. 2, 23, 62: “pecunia, quae recipi potest,id. ib. 2, 18, 47. —
b. In gladiator's lang.: recipe ferrum, receive your death-blow, the cry of the people to a vanquished gladiator whom they were not inclined to spare, Cic. Sest. 37, 80; id. Tusc. 2, 17, 41 Kühn.; Sen. Tranq. 11, 1; “for which: totum telum corpore,Cic. Rosc. Am. 12, 33; and: “ense recepto,Luc. 2, 194 Corte.—
c. Milit. t. t., to seize, capture, take possession of, occupy: mittit in Siciliam Curionem pro praetore cum legionibus duo; “eundem, cum Siciliam recepisset, etc.,Caes. B. C. 1, 30: “Praeneste non vi, sed per deditionem receptum est,Liv. 6, 29: “Aegyptum sine certamine,Just. 11, 11, 1: “eo oppido recepto,Caes. B. G. 7, 13 fin.: “civitatem,id. ib. 6, 8; 7, 90; id. B. C. 1, 12; 1, 16; 1, 30; “3, 16: Aetoliam,id. ib. 3, 55: “rempublicam armis,Sall. C. 11, 4: “Alciden terra recepta vocat,the subjugated earth, Prop. 5, 9, 38. —
d. In the later medical lang., of medicines, to receive, i. e. be compounded of various ingredients: “antidotos recipit haec: stoechados, marrubii, etc.,Scrib. Comp. 106; so id. ib. 27; 28; 37; 52 al. (hence the mod. Lat. receptum, receipt, and recipe).—
B. Trop.
1. To take to or upon one's self, to assume; to receive, accept, admit, allow, ἐνδέχομαι: “non edepol istaec tua dicta nunc in aures recipio,Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 34; cf. Quint. 11, 1, 91: “jusjurandum,id. 5, 6, 1; 3; cf. id. 7, 1, 24: in semet ipsum religionem recipere, to draw upon one's self, Liv. 10, 40: “quae legibus cauta sunt, quae persuasione in mores recepta sunt,admitted, Quint. 5, 10, 13; cf. id. 10, 7, 15: “antiquitas recepit fabulas . . . haec aetas autem respuit,Cic. Rep. 2, 10; cf. Quint. 6, 4, 19: “nec inconstantiam virtus recipit nec varietatem natura patitur,Cic. Rep. 3, 11, 18; cf. Vell. 2, 130, 3: non recipit istam Conjunctionem honestas, Cic. Off. 3, 33, 119: “assentatio nocere nemini potest, nisi ei, qui eam recipit atque delectatur,id. Lael. 26, 97: “timor misericordiam non recipit,Caes. B. G. 7, 26: “casus recipere (res),to admit, be liable to, id. B. C. 1, 78; so, “aliquem casum (res),id. ib. 3, 51: “re jam non ultra recipiente cunctationem,Liv. 29, 24; Vell. 2, 52, 3: “sed hoc distinctionem recipit,Just. Inst. 1, 12 pr.: “si recipiatur poëtica fabulositas,Plin. 7, 28, 29, § 101: “in hoc genere prorsus recipio hanc brevem annotationem,Quint. 10, 7, 31; cf. id. 8, 3, 31: “nos necessarios maxime atque in usum receptos (tropos) exequemur,id. 8, 6, 2; cf. id. 8, 6, 32; 5, 11, 20; 11, 3, 104; so with a subj.-clause, id. 1, 3, 14; 6, 3, 103; Plin. 28, 2, 5, § 24 al.
(β). Of opinions, etc., to adopt, embrace (late Lat.): “alicujus sententiam,Sulp. Sev. Chron. 2, 39, 1: “opinionem,id. Dial. 1, 17, 5.—
2. In partic.
a. To take upon one's self, undertake, accept the performance of a task consigned or intrusted to one (whereas suscipio denotes, in gen., the voluntary undertaking of any action; cf.: “spondeo, stipulor, polliceor): recepi causam Siciliae ... ego tamen hoc onere suscepto et receptā causā Siciliensi amplexus animo sum aliquanto amplius. Suscepi enim causam totius ordinis, etc.,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 1, § 1: “in hoc judicio mihi Siculorum causam receptam, populi Romani susceptam esse videor,id. Div. in Caecil. 8, 26; and: “in quo est illa magna offensio vel neglegentiae susceptis rebus vel perfidiae receptis,id. de Or. 2, 24, 101; cf. also Quint. 12, 1, 39: “verebamini, ne non id facerem, quod recepissem semel?Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 9: “causam Sex. Roscii,Cic. Rosc. Am. 1, 2: “mandatum,id. ib. 38, 112: “officium,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 71, § 183: “curam ad se,Suet. Tit. 6.—
b. To take an obligation upon one's self, to pledge one's self, pass one's word, be surety for a thing, to warrant, promise, engage a thing to any one, = ἀναδέχομαι (a favorite word of Cic., esp. in his Epistles): Pe. Tute unus si recipere hoc ad te dicis ... Pa. Dico et recipio Ad me, Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 74; cf.: “ad me recipio: Faciet,Ter. Heaut. 5, 5, 12: “promitto in meque recipio, fore eum, etc.,Cic. Fam. 13, 10, 3; cf.: “spondeo in meque recipio eos esse, etc.,id. ib. 13, 17, 3.—With obj.-clause: “promitto, recipio, spondeo, C. Caesarem talem semper fore civem, qualis hodie sit,Cic. Phil. 5, 18, 51; so with hoc, id. Fam. 13, 50, 2 (with spondeo); 6, 12, 3; 13, 41, 2 (with confirmo); id. Att. 5, 13, 2; Caecin. ap. Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 4; Liv. 7, 14 Drak.; 33, 13 fin.: “pro Cassio et te, si quid me velitis recipere, recipiam,Cic. Fam. 11, 1, 4. — With de: “de aestate polliceris vel potius recipis,Cic. Att. 13, 1, 2; Liv. 40, 35; cf. “also: sed fidem recepisse sibi et ipsum et Appium de me,had given him a solemn assurance, Cic. Att. 2, 22, 2.— With dat. (after the analogy of promitto, polliceor, spondeo): “ea, quae tibi promitto ac recipio,Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 5; cf.: omnia ei et petenti recepi et ultro pollicitus sum, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 21, 1; 7, 1: “mihi,id. ib. 10, 13, 3; Caes. B. C. 3, 82 fin.: “quid sibi is de me recepisset, in memoriam redegit,Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 9.—With dat. and obj.-clause: “mihi in Cumano diligentissime se, ut annui essemus, defensurum receperat,Cic. Att. 5, 17, 5; “so,id. Fam. 6, 12, 3 Manut. (with confirmare); 13, 72, 1; Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 17, 1; Caes. B. C. 3, 17; Suet. Caes. 23 fin.
c. In jurid. lang.: recipere nomen, of the prætor, to receive or entertain a charge against one, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 38, § 94; 2, 2, 42, § 102; Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2; Val. Max. 3, 7, 9; “for which: recipere reum,Tac. A. 2, 74 fin.; 4, 21: “aliquem inter reos,id. ib. 3, 70; 13, 10. —Hence,
A. rĕceptus , a, um, P. a. (acc. to II. B. 1.), received, usual, current, customary (post-class. and very rare): “auctoritas receptior,Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 5: scriptores receptissimi, Sol. praef.—
B. rĕceptum , i, n. subst. (acc. to II. B. 2. b.), an engagement, obligation, guaranty: “satis est factum Siculis, satis promisso nostro ac recepto,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 53, § 139; cf.: “promissum et receptum intervertit,id. Phil. 2, 32, 79.
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