previous next
red-do , dĭdi, dĭtum, 3 (old
I.fut. reddibo = reddam, Plaut. Cas. 1, 41; id. Men. 5, 7, 49, acc. to Non. 476, 27; id. Fragm. ap. Non. 508, 9; pass. reddibitur, id. Ep. 1, 1, 22), v. a.
I. Lit., to give back, return, restore (freq. and class.; “syn. restituo): reddere est quod debeas ei cujus est volenti dare,Sen. Ben. 7, 19, 2: “ut mihi pallam reddat, quam dudum dedi,Plaut. Men. 4, 2, 109; 4, 3, 5; cf.: “potes nunc mutuam drachmam dare mihi unam, quam cras reddam tibi?id. Ps. 1, 1, 84; “so corresp. to dare,id. ib. 1, 1, 89; id. Stich. 4, 1, 42: “quid si reddatur illi, unde empta est,id. Merc. 2, 3, 83; id. Men. 3, 3, 21 sq.; Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 24 sq. et saep.; cf. “the foll.: ea, quae utenda acceperis, majore mensurā, si modo possis, jubet reddere Hesiodus,Cic. Off. 1, 15, 48; “so corresp. to accipere,id. Lael. 8, 26; 16, 58; id. Rep. 2, 5, 10; Sen. Ben. 1, 1, 13: “accipe quod nunquam reddas mihi,Hor. S. 2, 3, 66; Verg. G. 4, 172; id. A. 8, 450 et saep.: “si quid ab omnibus conceditur, id reddo ac remitto,I give it back and renounce it, Cic. Sull. 30, 84: Th. Redde argentum aut virginem. Ph. Quod argentum, quam tu virginem, me reposcis? Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 14: “ut (virginem) suis Restituam ac reddam,Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 67; “so with restituere,Liv. 3, 68 al.; cf.: “reddere alias tegulas, i. e. restituere,Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 29: obsides, Naev. ap. Non. 474, 19; so Caes. B. G. 1, 35; 1, 36; 6, 12: “captivos,id. ib. 7, 90; Liv. 26, 50: “ho mines,Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 7 al.: “corpora (mor tuorum),Verg. A. 11, 103; cf. id. ib. 2, 543: “equos,Cic. Rep. 4, 2, 2; Suet. Aug. 38: “suum cuique,Cic. Rosc. Am. 47, 136: “hereditatem mulieri,id. Fin. 2, 18, 58: “sive paribus paria redduntur,” i. e. are set against, opposed to, id. Or. 49, 164: “nosmet ipsos nobis reddidistis,id. Red. in Sen. 1, 1: “redditus Cyri solio Phraates,Hor. C. 2, 2, 17: “reddas incolumem, precor,id. ib. 1, 3, 7: “ut te reddat natis carisque,id. S. 1, 1, 83: “redditus terris Daedalus,Verg. A. 6, 18; cf.: “patriis aris,id. ib. 11, 269: “oculis nostris,id. ib. 2, 740: “tenebris,id. ib. 6, 545: “sed jam urbi votisque publicis redditus,Plin. Pan. 60, 1: “ex magnā desperatione saluti redditus,Just. 12, 10, 1: “quin tu primum salutem reddis, quam dedi,Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 11: “operam da, opera reddibitur tibi,id. Ep. 1, 1, 22; so id. Men. 4, 2, 101: cum duo genera liberalitatis sint, unum dandi beneficii, alterum reddendi, demus nec ne, in nostrā potestate est; “non reddere viro bono non licet,Cic. Off. 1, 15, 48; so Sen. Ben. 1, 1 sq.; and cf. Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 10: “redde his libertatem,id. Poen. 5, 4, 17; so, “Lyciis libertatem ademit, Rhodiis reddidit,Suet. Claud. 25: “patriam,Liv. 5, 51 fin.: “sibi ereptum honorem,Verg. A. 5, 342: “conspectum,id. ib. 9, 262 al.: “se ipse convivio reddidit,betook himself again to the banquet, returned, Liv. 23, 9 fin.: “quae belua reddit se catenis,Hor. S. 2, 7, 71: “se reddidit astris,Sil. 4, 119; so, “lux terris,Verg. A. 8, 170: “se iterum in arma,id. ib. 10, 684.—
(β). Poet., with inf.: “sua monstra profundo Reddidit habere Jovi,Stat. Th. 1, 616.—
(γ). Absol. (rare and poet.), of a river: “sic modo conbibitur, modo Redditur ingens Erasinus,is swallowed up ... reappears, Ov. M. 15, 275. —
II. Transf.
1. To give up, hand over, deliver, impart, assign; to yield, render, give, grant, bestow, pay, surrender, relinquish, resign (syn.: “trado, refero): Cincius eam mihi abs te epistulam reddidit, quam tu dederas,Cic. Att. 1, 20, 1; so, “litteras (alicui),id. ib. 2, 1, 1; id. Fam. 2, 17, 1: “litteras a te mihi reddidit stator tuus,id. ib. 2, 1, 1; Caes. B. C. 1, 1; 2, 20; 3, 33; Sall. C. 34, 3; cf. “mandata,Suet. Tib. 16: “pretium alicui pro benefactis ejus,Plaut. Capt. 5, 1, 20: “hoccine pretii,id. As. 1, 2, 2; cf.: “praemia debita (along with persolvere grates),Verg. A. 2, 537: “cetera praemia (with dare),id. ib. 9, 254: “primos honores,id. ib. 5, 347: “gratiam alicui (for the usual referre gratiam),Sall. J. 110, 4: “reddunt ova columbae,Juv. 3, 202: “obligatam Jovi dapem,Hor. C. 2, 7, 17: “o fortunata mors, quae naturae debita, pro patriā est potissimum reddita,Cic. Phil. 14, 12, 31; cf.: “vitam naturae reddendam,id. Rep. 1, 3, 5; so, vitam. Lucr. 6, 1198: “debitum naturae morbo,” i. e. to die by disease, Nep. Reg. 1 fin.: “lucem,Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 35: “ultimum spiritum,Vell. 2, 14, 2; cf. id. 2, 22, 2; 2, 35 fin.; “2, 87, 2: animam caelo,id. ib. 123 fin.; cf. “animas (with moriuntur),Verg. G. 3, 495: “hanc animam, vacuas in auras,Ov. P. 2, 11, 7: “caute vota reddunto,to pay, offer, render, Cic. Leg. 2, 9, 22; so, “vota,Verg. E. 5, 75; Just. 11, 10, 10: “tura Lari,Tib. 1, 3, 34: “liba deae,Ov. F. 6, 476: “fumantia exta,Verg. G. 2, 194; Tac. H. 4, 53; cf.: “graves poenas,” i. e. to suffer, Sall. J. 14, 21: “promissa viro,Verg. A. 5, 386 al.: “tibi ego rationem reddam?will render an account, Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 6; so, “rationem,id. Trin. 2, 4, 114; Cic. Tusc. 1, 17, 38; “v. ratio: animam a pulmonibus respirare et reddere,to give off, exhale, id. N. D. 2, 54, 136; cf.: “ut tibiae sonum reddunt,give forth, Quint. 11, 3, 20; so, “sonum,id. 9, 4, 40; 66; Sen. Ep. 108; Hor. A. P. 348: “vocem,Verg. A. 3, 40; 7, 95; 8, 217 (with mugiit); Hor. A. P. 158: “stridorem,Ov. M. 11, 608: “murmura,id. ib. 10, 702: “flammam,Plin. 37, 2, 11, § 36 et saep.; so, “alvum,Cels. 2, 12, 2: “bilem,id. 7, 23: “sanguinem,to vomit, Plin. Ep. 5, 19, 6 (just before: “sanguinem rejecit): urinam,Plin. 8, 42, 66, § 165: “calculum,id. 28, 15, 61, § 217: “catulum partu,Ov. M. 15, 379; cf. “so of parturition,id. ib. 10, 513; id. H. 16, 46: “fructum, quem reddunt praedia,yield, produce, Ter. Phorm. 4, 3, 75; Ov. P. 1, 5, 26; Col. 2, 16, 2; Pall. Febr. 9, 4; Plin. 18, 9, 20, § 87; cf. Tib. 2, 6, 22; Quint. 12, 10, 25: “generi nostro haec reddita est benignitas,is imparted to, Plaut. Stich. 1, 3, 27; cf.: nulla quies est Reddita corporibus primis, Lucr. 2, 96. — Hence, poet., redditum esse, in gen., = factum esse, esse: “una superstitio, superis quae reddita divis,which is given, belongs to the gods, Verg. A. 12, 817: “quibus et color et sapor una reddita sunt cum odore,Lucr. 2, 681; cf. id. 2, 228 Munro ad loc.; Juv. 1, 93; Orell. ad Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 216: “neque iis petentibus jus redditur,is dispensed, granted, Caes. B. G. 6, 13: “alicui jus,Quint. 11, 2, 50; cf.: “alicui testimonium reddere industriae,id. 11, 1, 88: “quod reliquum vitae virium, id ferro potissimum reddere volebant,to yield, sacrifice, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 34, § 89: “quibus ille pro meritis ... jura legesque reddiderat,had conferred upon it the power of self-jurisdiction, Caes. B. G. 7, 76; cf Liv. 9, 43, 23 Drak.: “Lanuvinis sacra sua reddita,id. 8, 14: “conubia,to bestow, grant, id. 4, 5: “peccatis veniam,Hor. S. 1, 3, 75: “nomina facto vera,to call by the right name, Ov. Tr. 3, 6, 36.— Hence,
b. Jurid. t. t.: “judicium,to appoint, grant, fix the time for a trial, Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 57; Caes. B. C. 2, 18; Quint. 7, 4, 43; Tac. A. 1, 72: “jus,to administer justice, pronounce sentence, id. ib. 6, 11; 13, 51; id. H. 3, 68; id. G. 12; Suet. Vit. 9 et saep.—
2. To give up, yield, abandon to one that which has not been taken away, but only threatened or in danger: “Thermitanis urbem, agros legesque suas reddere,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 37, § 90 ( = relinquere, id. ib. 2, 2, 36, § “88): Orestis leges suae redditae,left undisturbed, Liv. 33, 34, 6; 9, 43, 23 (cf. restituere); 29, 21, 7.—
3. To give back, pay back; hence, to take revenge for, punish, inflict vengeance for: “per eum stare quominus accepta ad Cannas redderetur hosti clades,Liv. 24, 17, 7: “reddidit hosti cladem,id. 24, 20, 2: “redditaque aequa Cannensi clades,id. 27, 49, 5.—
4. To give back in speech or writing, i. e.
b. To repeat, declare, report, narrate, recite, rehearse (freq. in Quint.): “ut quae secum commentatus esset, ea sine scripto verbis iisdem redderet, quibus cogitasset,Cic. Brut. 88, 301; cf. Quint. 10, 6, 3: “sive paria (verba) paribus redduntur, sive opponuntur contraria,Cic. Or. 49, 164: “reddere quae restant,id. Brut. 74, 258: “tertium actum de pastionibus,Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 1: “nomina per ordinem audita,Quint. 11, 2, 23: “causas corruptae eloquentiae,id. 8, 6, 76: “quid cuique vendidissent,id. 11, 2, 24: “dictata,to repeat, rehearse, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 14; id. S. 2, 8, 80: “carmen,to recite, deliver, id. C. 4, 6, 43: “cum talia reddidit hospes,Ov. M. 6, 330; Lucr. 2, 179: “causam,id. F. 1, 278: “insigne exemplum suo loco,Tac. H. 4, 67.—
c. To answer, reply (poet.): “veras audire et reddere voces,Verg. A. 1, 409; 6, 689: “Aeneas contra cui talia reddit,id. ib. 10, 530; “2, 323: auditis ille haec placido sic reddidit ore,id. ib. 11, 251 et saep.; cf. “responsa,id. G. 3, 491: “responsum,Liv. 38, 9; 3, 60; Verg. A. 6, 672.—
5. To give back or render a thing according to its nature or qualities; to represent, imitate, express, resemble (poet. and in post - Aug. prose): “quas hominum reddunt facies,Lucr. 6, 812: “faciem locorum,Ov. M. 6, 122; 7, 752: “lux aemula vultum Reddidit,gave back, reflected, Stat. Achill. 2, 191: “formam alicujus,Sil. 3, 634: “et qui te nomine reddet Silvius Aeneas,Verg. A. 6, 768; cf.: “jam Phoebe toto fratrem cum redderet orbe,Luc. 1, 538: “paternam elegantiam in loquendo,Quint. 1, 1, 6; 6, 3, 107; cf.: “odorem croci saporemque,” i. e. to smell and taste like saffron, Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177: “imaginem quandam uvae,id. 34, 12, 32, § 123: “flammam excellentis purpurae et odorem maris,id. 35, 6, 27, § 46: “Apelleā redditus arte Mentor,Mart. 11, 10, 2.—
6. To give back, return a thing changed in some respect: “senem illum Tibi dedo ulteriorem lepide ut lenitum reddas,Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 31; cf.: “quas tu sapienter mihi reddidisti opiparas opera tua,id. Poen. 1, 1, 4.— Hence, in gen.,
7. To make or cause a thing to be or appear something or somehow; to render (very freq. and class.; cf.: “facio, redigo): reddam ego te ex ferā fame mansuetem,Plaut. As. 1, 2, 19; id. Capt. 4, 2, 42: “eam (servitutem) lenem reddere,id. ib. 2, 5, 1: tutiorem et opulentiorem vitam reddere, Cic. Rep. 1, 2, 3: “haec itinera infesta reddiderat,Caes. B. C. 3, 79: “aliquem insignem,Verg. A. 5, 705: “obscuraque moto Reddita forma lacu est,dimmed by the disturbance of the water, Ov. M. 3, 476: “homines ex feris et immanibus mites reddidit et mansuetos,Cic. Inv. 1, 2, 2: omnes Catilinas Acidinos postea reddidit, has made all the Catilines seem to be Acidini, i. e. patriots, in comparison with himself, id. Att. 4, 3, 3: “aliquid perfectum,Plaut. As. 1, 1, 109: “aliquid effectum,to accomplish, id. Ps. 1, 3, 152; 1, 5, 116; 5, 2, 14: “omne transactum,id. Capt. 2, 2, 95: “actum,id. Trin. 3, 3, 90: “dictum ac factum,Ter. Heaut. 4, 5, 12.— With ut and subj.: “hic reddes omnia Quae sunt certa ei consilia incerta ut sient,Ter. And. 2, 3, 15.— Pass. = fieri scripsit fasciculum illum epistularum totum sibi aquā madidum redditum esse, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 12, 4; Just. 16, 4, 6; 22, 7, 2: “per sudorem corpus tantum imbecillius redditur,Cels. 3, 3, 19; cf. Just. 29, 4, 3; 42, 5, 4; 44, 1, 10; Flor. 3, 5, 17; Val. Max. 4, 3 prooem.; Lact. 4, 26, 33.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: