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-dūco , xi, ctum, 3 (rēduco or redduco, Lucr. 1, 228; 4, 992; 5, 133; old
I.imp. redduce, Ter. Hec. 4, 2, 29), v. a.
I. To lead or bring back, to conduct back (very freq. and class.; syn. redigo).
A. Lit.
1. In gen.
a. Of living objects: “reducam te ubi fuisti,Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 106: “hunc ex Alide huc reducimus,id. ib. 5, 4, 17; cf.: “aliquem ex errore in viam,id. Ps. 2, 3, 2: “aliquem de exsilio,Cic. Phil. 2, 4, 9; id. Att. 9, 14, 2; cf.: “ab exsilio,Quint. 5, 11, 9: “socios a morte,Verg. A. 4, 375: “Silenium ad parentes,Plaut. Cist. 2, 3, 86; so, “ad aliquem,Cic. Off. 3, 22, 86; Caes. B. G. 6, 32; id. B. C. 1, 24; 2, 38 fin.; cf.: “a pastu vitulos ad tecta,Verg. G. 4, 434: “reduci in carcerem,Cic. Att. 4, 6, 2: “in Italiam,Caes. B. C. 3, 18: “reducere uxorem,to take again to wife, marry again, Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 31; 43; 3, 5, 51; 4, 4, 12 sq. al.; Nep. Dion, 6, 2; Suet. Dom. 3; 13; cf.: “uxorem in matrimonium,id. ib. 8: “regem,to restore to the throne, to reinstate, Cic. Rab. Post. 8, 19; id. Fam. 1, 2, 1; 1, 7, 4; id. Q. Fr. 2, 2, 3 (v. reductio): “possum excitare multos reductos testes liberalitatis tuae,” i. e. who have been brought back by your generosity, id. Rab. Post. 17, 47; cf.: cum in Italiam reductus existimabor, Pomp. ap. Caes. B. C. 3, 18, 4. —
b. With inanimate objects, to draw back, bring back: “(falces) tormentis introrsus reducebant,Caes. B. G. 7, 22: “reliquas munitiones ab fossā pedes CCCC. reduxit,id. ib. 7, 22; cf. “turres,id. ib. 7, 24 fin.: calculum, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 170, 30: “in jaculando bracchia,Quint. 10, 3, 6: “sinum dextrā usque ad lumbos,id. 11, 3, 131: “ad pectora remos,Ov. M. 11, 461; Verg. A. 8, 689: “clipeum,to draw back, Ov. M. 12, 132: “gladium (opp. eduxit),Gell. 5, 9, 3: “auras naribus,Lucr. 4, 990 al.: “furcillas hibernatum in tecta,Varr. R. R. 1, 8, 6. —Poet.: “solem reducit,Verg. A. 1, 143; so, “diem (Aurora),id. G. 1, 249: “lucem (Aurora),Ov. M. 3, 150: “noctem die labente (Phoebus),Verg. A. 11, 914: “aestatem,id. G. 3, 296: “hiemes,Hor. C. 2, 10, 15: “febrim,id. S. 2, 3, 294: “somnum (cantus),id. C. 3, 1, 21 al.: “umbram,to make the shadow move backwards, Vulg. 4 Reg. 20, 11.—
2. In partic.
a. Reducere aliquem domum (opp. deducere), to conduct or accompany one home, Plaut. Merc. 5, 4, 19: “(P. Scipio) cum senatu dimisso domum reductus ad vesperum est a patribus conscriptis,Cic. Lael. 3, 12; cf. Liv. 4, 24; cf.: “quos Elea domum reducit Palma,Hor. C. 4, 2, 17.—So, without domum: “in ludum (puellulam) ducere et reducere,Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 36: “aliquem ad suam villam,Cic. Ac. 1, 1, 1: “bene comitati per forum reducuntur,Quint. 12, 8, 3: “quantā reduci Regulus solet turbā,Mart. 2, 74, 2: assurgi, deduci, reduci, Cic. Sen. 18, 63.—
b. In milit. lang., to draw off, withdraw troops: “vastatis omnibus eorum agris Caesar exercitum reduxit,Caes. B. G. 3, 29 fin.: “legiones reduci jussit,id. B. C. 3, 46; so, “exercitum (copias, legiones suas, etc.),id. B. G. 6, 29; 7, 68; id. B. C. 2, 28 fin.; Liv. 5, 5; Front. Strat. 2, 3, 1; 5; 2, 5, 13 sq.: “suos incolumes,Caes. B. G. 5, 22; Front. Strat. 1, 1, 11; 5, 13: “legiones ex Britanniā,Caes. B. G. 4, 38: “a munitionibus,id. ib. 7, 88: “ab oppugnatione,id. ib. 5, 26 fin.: “in castra,id. ib. 1, 49 fin.; 1, 50; 2, 9; “4, 34 et saep.: in hiberna,id. ib. 6, 3: “in Treviros, etc.,id. ib. 5, 53; 7, 9 fin.; Liv. 43, 20: “intra fossam,Caes. B. C. 1, 42; cf.: “ab radicibus collis intra munitiones,id. B. G. 7, 51 fin.Absol. (like duco and educo): “instituit reducere,to march back, Front. Strat. 1, 4, 5 and 8.—
c. To recall to the stage a player: “a magno Pompeio magni theatri dedicatione anus pro miraculo deducta,Plin. 7, 48, 49, § 158.—
B. Trop., to bring back, restore, replace: “ad divitias,Plaut. Cist. 2, 3, 17: “animum aegrotum ad misericordiam,Ter. And. 3, 3, 27: “aliquem in gratiam,id. ib. 5, 4, 45; Cic. Clu. 36, 101: “in gratiam cum aliquo,id. Rab. Post. 8, 19; Liv. 10, 5 fin.; Quint. 5, 11, 19; cf.: ut Caesarem et Pompeium perfidiā hominum distractos rursus in pristinam concordiam reducas, Balbus ap. Cic. Att. 8, 15, A, 1: “aliquem ad officium sanitatemque,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 40, § 98: “propinquum ad officium,Nep. Dat. 2, 3: “judices ad justitiam,Quint. 6, 1, 46: “legiones veterem ad morem,Tac. A. 11, 18: “meque ipse reduco A contemplatu,withdraw myself, Ov. Tr. 5, 7, 65: “verba paulum declinata ad veritatem,Quint. 1, 6, 32: “judicatio est ad eum statum reducenda,id. 7, 3, 35: “reducere in memoriam quibus rationibus unam quamque partem confirmāris,Cic. Inv. 1, 52, 98; cf.: “in memoriam gravissimi luctūs,Plin. Ep. 3, 10, 2: “dolorem in animum judicantium,Quint. 11, 1, 54: “vocem in quendam sonum aequabilem,Auct. Her. 3, 12, 21: “verborum facilitatem in altum,Quint. 10, 7, 28: “haec benignā in sedem vice,Hor. Epod. 13, 7 sq.: “tu spem reducis mentibus anxiis Viresque,id. C. 3, 21, 17: “diem et convivia mente re duxit,has recalled to mind, Sil. 8, 136: “vel instituere vel reducere ejusmodi exemplum, etc.,to introduce again, restore, Plin. Ep. 4, 29, 3; so, “habitum vestitumque pristinum,Suet. Aug. 40: “morem transvectionis post longam intercapedinem,id. ib. 38. — To bring back, restore to the right path: “scire est liberum Ingenium et animum, quo vis illos tu die Redducas,Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 44.—
II. After the Aug. period, sometimes with the idea of ducere predominating, for the usual redigere (q. v. II.). *
A. To bring or get out, to produce a certain quantity: “LX. pondo panis e modio (milii) reducunt,Plin. 18, 7, 10, § 54.—
B. To bring, make, reduce to some shape, quality, condition, etc. (rare; “usually redigere): aliquid in formam,Ov. M. 15, 381: “faecem in summum,to bring up, raise, Col. 12, 19, 4: “excrescentes carnes in ulceribus ad aequalitatem efficacissime reducunt (just before, redigit),Plin. 30, 13, 39, § 113: “cicatrices ad colorem,id. 27, 12, 82, § 106: “corpus sensim ad maciem,id. 24, 8, 30, § 46: “ulcera ac scabiem jumentorum ad pilum,id. 22, 22, 32, § 72.— Hence, -ductus , a, um, P. a., drawn back, withdrawn; of place, retired, remote, distant, lonely.
B. Trop.: “virtus est medium vitiorum et utrimque reductum,from either extreme, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 9.— “In painting: alia eminentiora, alia reductiora fecerunt,less prominent, Quint. 11, 3, 46: producta et reducta (bona), a transl. of the Gr. προηγμένα καὶ ἀποπροηγμένα of the Stoics, things to be preferred and those to be deferred, Cic. Fin. 5, 30, 90.— Sup. and adv. do not occur.
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