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sustento , āvi, ātum, 1, v. freq. a. sustineo,
I.to hold up or upriqht, to uphold, support, prop, sustain (syn. sustineo).
I. Lit. (only poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “multos per annos Sustentata ruet moles et machina mundi,Lucr. 5, 96: Hercule quondam Sustentante polum, Claud. Laud. Stil. 2, 143: “Alcanor fratrem ruentem Sustentat dextrā,Verg. A. 10, 339: “in Tiberim abjectum,Plin. 8, 40, 61, § 145: “naufraga sustentant ... vela (i. e. navem) Lacones,Claud. B. Gild. 222; cf.: “aegre seque et arma sustentans,Curt. 8, 4, 15.—
B. To bear, wear: “catenas,Vop. Aur. 34.—
II. Trop., to keep up, uphold, sustain, maintain, support, bear, uplift, preserve (class. and freq.).
B. In partic.
1. To support, sustain, maintain, preserve by food, money, or other means: “familiam,Ter. Ad. 3, 4, 36: “cum esset silvestris beluae sustentatus uberibus,Cic. Rep. 2, 2, 4: “idem (aër) spiritu ductus alit et sustentat animantis,id. N. D. 2, 39, 101: “qui se subsidiis patrimonii aut amicorum liberalitate sustentant,id. Prov. Cons. 5, 12: “eo (frumento) sustentata est plebs,Liv. 2, 34, 5: “sustentans fovensque,Plin. Ep. 9, 30, 3: “saucios largitione et curā,Tac. A. 4, 63 fin.: “animus nullā re egens aletur et sustentabitur isdem rebus, quibus astra sustentantur et aluntur,Cic. Tusc. 1, 19, 43; cf.: “furtim rapta sustentat pectora terra,refreshes, Stat. Th. 6, 875: “parsimoniam patrum suis sumptibus,Cic. Cael. 16, 38: “tenuitatem alicujus,id. Fam. 16, 21, 4: “egestatem et luxuriem domestico lenocinio sustentavit,id. Red. Sen. 5, 11: “Glycera venditando coronas sustentaverat paupertatem,Plin. 35, 11, 40, § 125; cf.: “ut milites pecore ex longinquioribus vicis adacto extremam famem sustentarent,Caes. B.G. 7, 17.—Mid.: “mutando sordidas merces sustentabatur,supported himself, got a living, Tac. A. 4, 13; for which in the act. form: Ge. Valuistin' bene? Pa. Sustentavi sedulo, I have taken good care of myself, have kept myself in good case, Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 8; cf. impers. pass.: Ge. Valuistin' usque? Ep. Sustentatum'st sedulo, id. ib. 3, 2, 14. —
2. To keep in check, hold back, restrain: “milites, paulisper ab rege sustentati, paucis amissis profugi discedunt,Sall. J. 56, 6; cf. aciem, Auct. B. Afr. 82: aquas, Auct. Cons. Liv. 221. —
3. To bear, hold out, endure, suffer (rare but class.; “syn.: fero, patior): miserias plurimas,Plaut. Capt. 5, 1, 3: “moerorem doloremque,Cic. Pis. 36, 89. —Absol. (sc. morbum), Suet. Tib. 72: “procellas invidiae,Claud. in Eutr. 1, 265: “aegre is dies sustentatur,Caes. B. G. 5, 39: “quorum auxiliis atque opibus, si qua bella inciderint, sustentare consuerint,id. ib. 2, 14 fin.—Impers. pass.: “aegre eo die sustentatum est,a defence was made, Caes. B. G. 2, 6: “hostem,Tac. A. 15, 10 fin.: “bellum,Vell. 2, 104, 2: impetus legionum, Auct. B. Hisp. 17, 3. — Absol.: “nec, nisi in tempore subventum foret, ultra sustentaturi fuerint,Liv. 34, 18, 2. —
4. To put off, defer, delay (Ciceron.; “syn. prolato): rem, dum, etc.,Cic. Fam. 13, 64, 1: “aedificationem ad tuum adventum,id. Q. Fr. 2, 7: “id (malum) opprimi sustentando ac prolatando nullo pacto potest ... celeriter vobis vindicandum est,id. Cat. 4, 3, 6; cf. Ov. R. Am. 405.
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