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scorpĭo , ōnis (poet. collat. forms scorpĭus and -ŏs , i, corresp. to the Greek), m., = σκορπίων, σκορπίος,
I.a scorpion.
II. Transf.
A. The Scorpion, one of the signs of the zodiac.—Form Scorpios, Cic. poët. N. D. 2, 44, 113; id. Arat. 208 and 430; Ov. M. 2, 196; Hyg. Astr. 2, 26; acc. Scorpion, Ov. M. 2, 83.—Form Scorpio, Petr. 39, 11; 35, 4: “Scorpionis ascensus,Vulg. Num. 34, 4.—
B. A kind of prickly sea-fish: Cottus scorpio, Linn.; Plin. 32, 11, 53, § 151; cf. Petr. 35, 4; “in the form scorpios,Ov. Hal. 116.—
C. A prickly plant, scorpion - wort, scorpion - grass: Spartium scorpius, Linn.; Plin. 22, 15, 17, § 39.—
D. A shrub, also called tragos, Plin. 27, 13, 116, § 142; 13, 21, 37, § 116.—
E. A military engine for throwing darts, stones, and other missiles, a scorpion, Veg. Mil. 4, 22; Amm. 23, 4, 4; Caes. B. G. 7, 25; Sall. Fragm. ap. Non. 553, 24 (Hist. 3, 36 Dietsch); Liv. 26, 47; 26, 49; Vitr. 10, 1; in the form scorpius, Sisenn. ap. Non. 553, 25; Vulg. 1 Macc. 6, 51.—
F. In the agrimensores, a heap of stones terminating in a point, and used as a boundary-mark, Sic. Fl. pp. 4 and 6 Goes. —
G. An instrument of torture, Isid. 5, 27, 18; cf. Vulg. 3 Reg. 12, 14; id. 2 Par. 10, 11.
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