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sentĭo , si, sum, 4 (
I.perf. sync. sensti, Ter. And. 5, 3, 11), v. a.
I. Physically.
A. In gen., to discern by the senses; to feel, hear, see, etc.; to perceive, be sensible of (syn. percipio).
(α). With acc.: “calorem et frigus,Lucr. 1, 496; cf.: “duritiem saxi,id. 4, 268; 3, 381 sq.: feram nare sagaci (venaticā), Enn. ap. Fest. p. 177 Müll. (Ann. v. 346 Vahl.): “varios rerum odores,Lucr. 1, 298: “sucum in ore,id. 4, 617 sq.: “suavitatem cibi,Cic. Phil. 2, 45, 115: “varios rerum colores,Lucr. 4, 492: “sonitum,Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 69: “nil aegri,Lucr. 3, 832: “utrumque (calorem et frigus) manu,id. 1, 496: “famem,Liv. 25, 13: “morbos articularios,Plin. 32, 4, 14, § 39.—In mal. part.: “sensit delphina Melantho,Ov. M. 6, 120.—Pass.: “posse prius ad angustias veniri, quam sentirentur,before they should be observed, Caes. B. C. 1, 67.—
(β). With inf. or an, object-clause: “sei movero me seu secari sensero,Plaut. Merc. 2, 2, 40: sentio aperiri fores. id. Truc. 2, 3, 29: “nec quisquam moriens sentire videtur, Ire foras animam,Lucr. 3, 607: “sentire sonare,id. 4, 229 Munro.—
B. In partic.
1. To perceive the effects (esp. the ill effects) of any thing; to feel, experience, suffer, undergo, endure: “sentiet, qui vir siem,Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 21: “jam curabo sentiat, Quos attentarit,Phaedr. 5, 2, 6: “quid ipse ad Avaricum sensisset, etc.,Caes. B. G. 7, 52; cf. Liv. 45, 28, 6: “Centupirini etiam ceterarum civitatum damna ac detrimenta senserunt,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 45, § 108; id. Div. in Caecil. 12, 38; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 49, § 127: “tecum Philippos et celerem fugam Sensi,Hor. C. 2, 7, 10: “(Apollinem) vindicem,id. ib. 4, 6, 3: “caecos motus orientis austri,id. ib. 3, 27, 22: “contracta aequora (pisces),id. ib. 3, 1, 33: “prima arma nostra (Salyi),Flor. 3, 2, 3: “sentire paulatim belli mala,Tac. H. 1, 89: “famem,Liv. 25, 13, 1; Curt. 9, 10, 11: “damnum,Liv. 2, 64, 6: “cladem belli,id. 35, 33, 6: “inopiam rerum omnium,id. 43, 22, 10; 44. 7, 6: “incommoda belli,id. 44, 14, 10: “lassitudo jam et sitis sentiebatur,id. 44, 36, 2: “ubi primum dolorem aliquis sentit,Cels. 6, 7 init.; cf. Lact. 7, 20, 7: “cujus ulceris dolorem sentire etiam spectantes videntur,Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 59: “corporis aegri vitia sentire,Curt. 8, 10, 29: “qui in urbe se commoverit ... sentiet, in hac urbe esse consules vigilantes, esse egregios magistratus, etc.,Cic. Cat. 2, 12, 27; cf. id. Sest. 28, 69; Ov. M. 13, 864.—Absol.: “iste tuus ipse sentiet Posterius,Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 59.—Of beasts, etc.: “oves penuriam sentiunt,Col. 7, 9, 3 sq.: “frigus aut aestum,id. 7, 4, 7: “praegelidam hiemem omnes pisces sentiunt,Plin. 9, 16, 24, § 57.—
2. In the elder Pliny, to be susceptible of, to be subject or liable to a disease: “morbos,Plin. 9, 49, 73, § 156: “rabiem,id. 8, 18, 26, § 68: “cariem,id. 12, 7, 14, § 28.—
II. Mentally.
A. Lit., to feel, perceive, observe, notice (syn. intellego).
(γ). With rel.- or interrog.-clause: “scio ego et sentio ipse, quid agam,Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 13: “jam dudum equidem sentio, suspicio Quae te sollicitet,id. Bacch. 4, 8, 49: “quoniam sentio, Quae res gereretur,id. ib. 2, 3, 56: “si quid est in me ingenii, quod sentio quam sit exiguum,Cic. Arch. 1, 1: “ex quo fonte hauriam, sentio,id. ib. 6, 13: “victrices catervae Sensere, quid mens rite, quid indoles ... Posset,Hor. C. 4, 4, 25.—With the indic., in a rel.clause: “sentio, quam rem agitis,Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 14.—
III. Transf. (in consequence of mental perception), to think, deem, judge, opine, imagine, suppose (syn.: “opinor, arbitror): si ita sensit, ut loquitur, est homo impurus,Cic. Rep. 3, 21, 32; cf.: “jocansne an ita sentiens,id. Ac. 2, 19, 63; id. Rep. 3, 5, 8: “fleri potest, ut recte quis sentiat, et id quod sentit, polite eloqui non possit,id. Tusc. 1, 3, 6: “humiliter demisseque sentire,id. ib. 5, 9, 24: “tecum aperte, quod sentio, loquar,id. Rep. 1, 10, 15; cf.: “quod sentio scribere,id. Fam. 15, 16, 3: “causa est haec sola, in quā omnes sentirent unum atque idem,id. Cat. 4, 7, 14: “idemque et unum sentire,Suet. Ner. 43: “sapiens de dis immortalibus sine ullo metu vera sentit,Cic. Fin. 1, 19, 62.—With acc. and inf.: “idem, quod ego, sentit, te esse huic rei caput,Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 29; cf.: “nos quidem hoc sentimus: si, etc. ... non esse cunctandum,Cic. Fam. 1, 7, 5: “voluptatem hanc esse sentiunt omnes,id. Fin. 2, 3, 6 Madv. ad loc.: “sensit in omni disputatione id fieri oportere,id. ib. 2, 2, 4; 5, 8, 23; id. Tusc. 5, 28, 82; id. Att. 7, 6, 2; id. Fam. 1, 7, 5: “sic decerno, sic sentio, sic affirmo, nullam rerum publicarum conferendam esse cum , quam, etc.,id. Rep. 1, 46, 70.—With two acc. (very rare): “aliquem bonum civem,Cic. Off. 1, 34, 125 (cf. id. Fin. 2, 3, 0, supra, where Orell. omits esse).—With de and abl.: “cum de illo genere rei publicae quae sentio dixero,Cic. Rep. 1, 42, 65; so, “quid de re publicā,id. ib. 1, 21, 34; “1, 38, 60: quid de quo,id. ib. 1, 11: “quid gravius de vobis,Caes. B. C. 2, 32, 4; Cic. Rep. 1, 13, 19; cf.: “qui omnia de re publicā praeclara atque egregia sentirent,were full of the most noble and generous sentiments, id. Cat. 3, 2, 5: “mirabiliter de te et loquuntur et sentiunt,id. Fam. 4, 13, 5: “male de illo,Quint. 2, 2, 12: sentire cum aliquo, to agree with one in opinion: “tecum sentio,Plaut. Most. 3, 3, 24; id. Ps. 4, 2, 3: “cum Caesare sentire,Cic. Att. 7, 1, 3; id. Rosc. Am. 49, 142; cf.: “nae iste haud mecum sentit,Ter. And. 2, 1, 24: ab aliquo sentire, to dissent from, disagree with: “abs te seorsum sentio,judge otherwise, think differently, Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 52: ut abs te seorsus sentiam De uxoriā re, Afran. ap. Charis. p. 195 P.: Gr. Omnia istaec facile patior, dum hic hinc a me sentiat. Tr. Atqui nunc abs te stat, is on my side, Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 56 (cf. ab); cf. “also: qui aliunde stet semper, aliunde sentiat,Liv. 24, 45, 3.—
B. In partic., publicists' and jurid. t. t., to give one's opinion concerning any thing; to vote, declare, decide (syn. censeo): “sedens iis assensi, qui mihi lenissime sentire visi sunt,Cic. Fam. 5, 2, 9; 11, 21, 2; 3, 8, 9: “quae vult Hortensius omnia dicat et sentiat,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 31, § 76: “si judices pro causā meā senserint,decided in my favor, Gell. 5, 10, 14; cf.: in illam partem ite quā sentitis, Vet. Form. ap. Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 20.—Hence, sensa , ōrum, n. (acc. to II. B.).
1. Thoughts, notions, ideas, conceptions (class. but very rare): “sententiam veteres, quod animo sensissent, vocaverunt ... Non raro tamen et sic locuti sunt, ut sensa sua dicerent: nam sensus corporis videbantur, etc.,Quint. 8, 5, 1: “exprimere dicendo sensa,Cic. de Or 1, 8, 32: “sensa mentis et consilia verbis explicare,id. ib. 3, 14, 55.—
2. Opinions, doctrines (late Lat.): “sensa et inventa Disarii,Macr. S. 7, 5, 4.
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