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sĭmŭlo (less correctly sĭmĭlo ; v. assimulo
I.fin.), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. similis.
I. In gen., to make a thing like another; to imitate, copy, represent a thing (mostly poet.; “syn. imitor): corpora igni simulata,made like, like, Lucr. 1, 687: “nimbos et non imitabile fulmen simulare,Verg. A. 6, 591: “simulet Catonem,Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 13: “cum sint crura tibi, simulent quae cornua lunae,Mart. 2, 35, 1: “furias Bacchi,Ov. M. 6, 596: “equam (sonus),id. ib. 2, 668: “artem (natura),id. ib. 3, 158: “anum,to assume the form of, id. ib. 3, 275; 6, 26; 11, 310; id. F. 4, 517; so, “Homeri illa Minerva simulata Mentori,Cic. Att. 9, 8, 2 (cf. Hom. Od. 3, 22): simulata Troja, a counterfeit Troy, i. e. which is copied after, built like Troy, Ov. M. 13, 721: “simulata magnis Pergama,Verg. A. 3, 349: “latices simulatos fontis Averni,id. ib. 4, 512: “cupressum simulare,to represent, paint, Hor. A. P. 20: “antrum in ostro,Sil. 15, 430. —With object-clause: Pallas ... simulat ... terram Prodere cum baccis fetum canentis olivae, represents the earth producing, etc., Ov. M. 6, 80; cf. “also, transf., of a work of art: aera Fortis Alexandri vultum simulantia,representing, imaging, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 241.—
II. In partic., to represent a thing as being which has no existence, to feign a thing to be what it is not (while dissimulare is to pretend a thing not to be which really is, to conceal), to assume the appearance of a thing, to feign, pretend, counterfeit, simulate (class. and freq.).
(α). With acc. (in Cic. in the act. perh. only with a pron.): “nec ut emat melius, nec ut vendat, quicquam simulabit aut dissimulabit vir bonus,Cic. Off. 3, 15, 61; cf. Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 8, 4: “experiar, quid ames, quid simules,Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 71: “(oportuit) non simulare mortem verbis, re ipsā spem vitae dare,” i.e. to pretend that she was dead, Ter. Heaut. 4, 1, 23: “studium conjurationis vehementer simulare,Sall. C. 41, 5: “deditionem ac deinde metum,id. J. 36, 2: “diffidentiam rei,id. ib. 60, 5: “pacem,id. ib. 111, 4; cf.: pacem cum Scipione Sulla sive faciebat sive simulabat, Cic. Phil. 13, 1, 2: “constantiam,Tac. H. 1, 81: “obsequium,id. A. 12, 47 et saep.: “Hannibal aegrum simulabat,pretended to be sick, Liv. 25, 8, 12: “sanum,Ov. R. Am. 493: “furentem,Sen. Herc. Oet. 429: “praegravem aut delumbem sese simulans,Plin. 10, 33, 51, § 103: “supervacaneos,Just. 6, 6, 3.—With pro: “simulat se pro uxore Nini filium, pro femina puerum,Just. 1, 2, 1.—Pass.: “tum pol ego is essem vere, qui simulabar,Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 58: “non simulatur amor,Ov. H. 17, 36: “tecto lumine somnus,id. ib. 21, 199: “ad simulanda negotia altitudo ingenii incredibilis,Sall. J. 95, 3 et saep.—Esp. freq. in part. perf.: “ficto officio simulatāque sedulitate conjunctus,Cic. Caecin. 5, 14: “officio simulato,id. Rosc. Am. 38, 112: “simulatā amicitiā,Caes. B. G. 1,44: “hortatur simulata conscientia adeant,Tac. A. 2, 40 et saep.: “cum ex eo quaereretur, quid esset dolus malus? respondebat: cum esset aliud simulatum, aliud actum,Cic. Off. 3, 14, 60: “in amicitiā nihil fictum est, nihil simulatum,id. Lael. 8, 26; so (with fictum) id. ib. 18, 65; id. Off. 2, 12, 43; “with falsum,id. de Or. 2, 45, 189; id. Phil. 11, 2, 5; “with fucata (opp. vera),id. Lael. 25, 95: “simulato vecta juvenco,Ov. Am. 1, 3, 23: “simulatae ordine justo exsequiae,Sil. 16, 305.—
A. sĭmŭlans , antis, P. a. *
1. Imitating, imitative: “non fuit in terris vocum simulantior ales (psittaco),Ov. Am. 2, 6, 23.—
2. Sĭmŭlans , The Pretender, the title of a comedy of Afranius (v. the Fragm. Com. Rel. p. 172 sq. Rib.), Cic. Sest. 55, 118.—Advv.: sĭmŭlanter , feignedly, pretendedly, apparently (for the class. simulate): “simulanter revictā Charite,App. M. 8, p. 205, 36.—
B. sĭmŭlātē , feignedly, pretendedly, not sincerely: “sive ex animo id fit sive simulate,Cic. N. D. 2, 67, 168: “ficte et simulate,id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 4, § 13.—Comp.: simulatius exit proditionis opus, Petr. poët. Fragm. 28, 4.
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