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sĭno , sīvi, sĭtum, 3 (sinit, as archaic
I.subj. pres. formerly stood, Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 27; Verg. Cir. 239; but in the former passage has been corrected to sierit, Fleck.; and in the latter the clause is spurious.— Perf. sii, Varr. ap. Diom. p. 371 P.: “siit,Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 24, acc. to Diom. l. l.; another old form of the perf. sini, Scaur. ap. Diom. l. l.; so, too, pluperf. sinisset, Rutil. ib.— Sync. perf. sisti, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 80: sistis, Att. ap. Cic. Sest. 57, 122.—Subj. sieris or siris, Pac. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 44, 106; cf. Trag. Rel. p. 84 Rib.; Plaut. Bacch. 3, 2, 18; id. Ep. 3, 3, 19; id. Trin. 2, 4, 120; “an old formula,Liv. 1, 32: “sirit,id. 28, 28, 11; 28, 34, 24: “siritis,Plaut. Poen. 5, 1, 20: sirint, id. Bacch. 3, 3, 64; id. Merc. 3, 4, 28.—Pluperf. sisset, Liv. 27, 6: “sissent,Cic. Sest. 19, 44; Liv. 3, 18; 35, 5, 11), v. a. etym. dub., orig., to let, put, lay, or set down; found so only in the P. a. situs (v. infra, P. a.), and in the compound pono (for posino, v. pono); cf. also 2. situs, I.—Hence, transf., and freq. in all styles and periods.
I. In gen., to let, suffer, allow, permit, give leave (syn.: permitto, patior, tolero, fero); constr. usually with an obj.-clause, the subj., or absol., rarely with ut or an acc.
(β). With subj. (so for the most part only in the imper.): “sine te exorem, sine te prendam auriculis, sine dem savium,Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 163: “sine me expurgem,Ter. And. 5, 3, 29: Ch. At tandem dicat sine. Si. Age dicat; “sino,id. ib. 5, 3, 24: “ne duit, si non vult: sic sine astet,let him stand, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 54: “sine pascat durus (captivus) aretque,Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 70: “sine vivat ineptus,id. ib. 1, 17, 32: “sine sciam,let me know, Liv. 2, 40, 5: “sinite abeam viva a vobis,Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 92: “sinite instaurata revisam Proelia,Verg. A. 2, 669 et saep.—Poet. in the verb. finit: natura repugnat; “Nec sinit incipiat,Ov. M. 3, 377.—
(γ). Absol. (syn.: pati, ferre); “suspende, vinci, verbera: auctor sum, sino,Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 18: “nobiscum versari jam diutius non potes: non feram, non patiar, non sinam,Cic. Cat. 1, 5, 10: “domum ire cupio: at uxor non sinit,Plaut. Men. 5, 5, 60: Ba. Ego nolo dare te quicquam. Pi. Sine. Ba. Sino equidem, si lubet, id. Bacch. 1, 1, 66: nate, cave; “dum resque sinit, tua corrige vota,Ov. M. 2, 89: “moretur ergo in libertate sinentibus nobis,Plin. Ep. 4, 10 fin.
(δ). With ut: “sivi, animum ut expleret suom,Ter. And. 1, 2, 17: “sinite, exorator ut sim, id. Hec. prol. alt. 2: neque sinam, ut,id. ib. 4, 2, 14: “nec dii siverint, ut hoc decus demere mihi quisquam possit,Curt. 5, 8, 13: “neque di sinant ut Belgarum decus istud sit,Tac. A. 1, 43.— (ε) With acc.: “sinite arma viris et cedite ferro,leave arms to men, Verg. A. 9, 620: “per te, vir Trojane, sine hanc animam et miserere precantis,id. ib. 10, 598: “neu propius tectis taxum sine,id. G. 4, 47: “serpentium multitudo nisi hieme transitum non sinit,Plin. 6, 14, 17, § 43: “at id nos non sinemus,Ter. Heaut. 5, 5, 7; cf.: “non sinat hoc Ajax,Ov. M. 13, 219; 7, 174.—Sometimes the acc. is used elliptically, as in Engl., and an inf. (to be, remain, do, go, etc.) is to be supplied: Sy. Sineres vero tu illum tuum Facere haec? De. Sinerem illum! Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 42: “dum interea sic sit, istuc actutum sino,I'll let that by and by go, I don't care for it, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 68: “me in tabernā usque adhuc sineret Syrus,id. Ps. 4, 7, 14: Ch. Ne labora. Me. Sine me, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 38: quisquis es, sine me, let me (go), id. Ad. 3, 2, 23.—
II. In partic.
A. In colloquial language.
1. Sine, let: “sine veniat!let him come! Ter. Eun. 4, 6, 1: “insani feriant sine litora fluctus,Verg. E. 9, 43.—So simply sine! be it so! granted! very well! agreed, etc.: “pulchre ludificor. Sine!Plaut. Truc. 2, 8, 6; id. As. 5, 2, 48; id. Aul. 3, 2, 11; id. Bacch. 4, 7, 13; Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 90 al.: “sic sine,Plaut. Truc. 5, 4.—
2. Sine modo, only let, i. e. if only: “cur me verberas? ... Patiar. Sine modo adveniat senex! Sine modo venire salvum, etc.,Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 10.—So with subj.: “sine modo venias domum,Plaut. As. 5, 2, 50 Fleck.—
B. Rarely like the Greek ἐᾶν, to give up, cease, leave a thing undone: Al. Vin vocem? Cl. Sine: “nolo, si occupata est,Plaut. Cas. 3, 2, 14: tum certare odiis, tum res rapuisse licebit. Nunc sinite (sc. certare, etc.), forbear, Verg A. 10, 15.—
C. Ne di sirint (sinant), ne Juppiter sirit, etc., God forbid! Heaven forefend! Ch. Hoc capital facis ... aequalem et sodalem liberum civem enicas. Eu. Ne di sirint, Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 28; id. Bacch. 3, 3, 64; “for which: ne di siverint,id. Merc. 2, 2, 51: “illud nec di sinant,Plin. Ep. 2, 2, 3: “ne istuc Juppiter O. M. sirit, urbem, etc.,Liv. 28, 28, 11: “nec me ille sierit Juppiter,Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 27.—Hence, sĭtus , a, um, P. a., placed, set, lying, situate (syn. positus; freq. and class.).
A. Lit.
2. In partic.
b. Of the dead, lying, laid, buried, interred (syn. conditus): “declarat Ennius de Africano, hic est ille situs. Vere: nam siti dicuntur hi, qui conditi sunt,Cic. Leg. 2, 22, 57; cf.: “redditur terrae corpus et ita locatum ac situm quasi operimento matris obducitur,id. ib. 2, 22, 56: siticines appellati qui apud sitos canere soliti essent, hoc est vitā functos et sepultos, Atei. Capito ap. Gell. 20, 2: “C. Marii sitae reliquiae,Cic. Leg. 2, 2, 56: “(Aeneas) situs est ... super Numicium flumen,Liv. 1, 2 Drak.: “Cn. Terentium offendisse arcam, in quā Numa situs fuisset,Plin. 13, 13, 27, § 84.—Hence the common phrase in epitaphs: “HIC SITVS EST, HIC SITI SVNT, etc.,Inscr. Orell. 654; 4639 sq.; Tib. 3, 2, 29.— “Comically: noli minitari: scio crucem futuram mihi sepulcrum: Ibi mei sunt majores siti, pater, avus, etc.,Plaut. Mil. 2, 4, 20.—
c. A few times in Tacitus for conditus, built, founded: “urbem Philippopolim, a Macedone Philippo sitam circumsidunt,Tac. A. 3, 38 fin.; 6, 41: “veterem aram Druso sitam disjecerant,id. ib. 2, 7 fin.: “vallum duabus legionibus situm,id. H. 4, 22.—
B. Trop.
1. In gen., placed, situated, present, ready: hoc erit tibi argumentum semper in promptu situm, Enn. ap. Gell. 2, 29, 20 (Sat. v. 37 Vahl.): “in melle sunt linguae sitae vostrae,Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 76: “quae ceteris in artibus aut studiis sita sunt,Cic. de Or. 1, 15, 65: “quas (artes) semper in te intellexi sitas,Ter. And. 1, 1, 6: “(voluptates) in medio sitas esse dicunt,within the reach of all, Cic. Tusc. 5, 33, 94.—
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