previous next
sŏlĭdus , a, um (contr. collat. form sol-dus , a, um, Hor. S. 1, 2, 113; 2, 5, 65), adj. Sanscr. sarvas, all; Gr. ὅλος, whole; old Lat. sollus; cf. sollistimus,
I.firm, dense, compact, not hollow, solid (class.).
I. Lit.: individua et solida corpora (sc. ἀτόμοι), Cic. Fin. 1, 6, 18; cf. id. Div. 2, 67, 98: “terra solida et globosa,id. N. D. 2, 39, 137: “columna aurea (opp. extrinsecus inaurata),id. Div. 1, 24, 48; cf. “cornua (opp. cava),Plin. 11, 37, 45, § 127: “lapides,Sen. Q. N. 3, 25, 6: “corpus,Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 27: “paries vel solidus vel fornicatus,Cic. Top. 4, 22: “sphaera solida atque plena,id. Rep. 1, 14, 22; cf.: “crateres auro solidi,Verg. A. 2, 765: “ex solido elephanto,id. G. 3, 26; id. A. 6, 69; 6, 552: “aera,id. ib. 9, 809: “telum solidum nodis,id. ib. 11, 553: “vasa auro solida,Tac. A. 2, 33; 13, 10: “solidum ex auro signum,Just. 39, 2, 5: “nunc solida est tellus, quae lacus ante fuit,Ov. F. 6, 404; so, “ripa,id. ib. 14, 49: “sedes (opp. aër),id. ib. 2, 147: “navis ad ferendum incursum maris solida,Sen. Ep. 76, 13: “sit solidum quodcumque subest,Aus. Ed. 16, 12: solidus cibus, solid food, as opposed to fluid, Vulg. Heb. 5, 12. —Comp.: “solidior caseus factus,Col. 7, 8, 4. —Sup.: “solidissima materiaï corpora (opp. mollia),Lucr. 1, 565; 1, 951: “tellus,Ov. M. 15, 262.—Subst.: sŏlĭdum , i, n., a solid substance, solidity: “cum duae formae praestantes sint, ex solidis globus, ex planis autem circulus aut orbis,Cic. N. D. 2, 18, 47: “nihil tangi potest, quod careat solido,id. Univ 4, 11; cf.: “quae (species deorum) nihil concreti habeat, nihil solidi, nihil expressi,id. N. D. 1, 27, 75: “inane abscindere soldo,Hor. S. 1, 2, 113; cf. id. ib. 2, 1, 78: “fossa fit ad solidum,to the solid ground, to the bottom, Ov. F. 4, 821: “finditur in solidum cuneis via,into the hard wood, Verg. G. 2, 79; 2, 231: “neque fundamenta (amphitheatri) per solidum subdidit,Tac. A. 4, 62: “solido procedebat elephas in pontem,on solid ground, Liv. 44, 5.—
B. Transf. (opp. to that which is divided, scattered, or in parts), whole, complete, entire (= integer, totus): “usurā, nec solidā, contentus est,Cic. Att. 6, 1, 3: “militia semestri solidum stipendium accipere,Liv. 5, 4: “solida taurorum viscera,Verg. A. 6, 253: “ut solidos hauriant (serpentes) cervos taurosque,Plin. 8, 14, 14, § 36: “quibus solida ungula,id. 10, 63, 83, § 173: “motus terrae quasdam (civitates) solidas absorbuit,Just. 30, 4, 3: “ut decies solidum exsorberet,” i. e. at once, in one draught, Hor. S. 2, 3, 240: decem annos solidos errasse, Varr. ap. Non. 405, 21; cf.: “partem solido demere de die,Hor. C. 1, 1, 20: “annus,Liv. 1, 19: “hora,Juv. 11, 205: “parum solidum consulatum explere,incomplete, Liv. 4, 8 fin.: “vos, quibus...solidae suo stant robore vires,Verg. A. 2, 639.—As substt.
1. In gen.: sŏlĭdum , i, n., the whole sum: “ita bona veneant, ut solidum suum cuique solvatur,Cic. Rab. Post. 17, 46; Hor. S. 2, 5, 65; Quint. 5, 10, 105; Tac. A. 6, 17; Dig. 45, 2, 2 sq.
2. In partic.: sŏlĭdus , i, m. (sc. nummus), in the time of the emperors a gold coin, at first called aureus, and worth about twenty-five denarii, afterwards reduced nearly one half in value, Dig. 9, 3, 5; 11, 4, 1; 21, 1, 42; Cod. Just. 10, 70, 5; App. M. 10, p. 242, 34; Lampr. Alex. Sev. 39; Vulg. 1 Par. 29, 7; id. 1 Esd. 2, 69; id. Ecclus. 29, 7.—
II. Trop., sound, solid, substantial, genuine, true, real (in this sense a favorite word with Cic.; syn.: firmus, constans, stabilis; “opp. inanis, levis, vanus, mobilis, etc.): solida et perpetua fides,Plaut. Merc. 2, 3, 44; so, “fides,Tac. H. 2, 7: “solida et robusta et assidua frequentia,Cic. Planc. 8, 21: “solida atque robusta eloquentia,Quint. 10, 1, 2: “solida ac virilis ingenii vis,id. 2, 5, 23: “est enim gloria solida quaedam res et expressa, non adumbrata,Cic. Tusc. 3, 2, 3: “judicia solida et expressa,id. Planc. 12, 29: “justitiae effigies,id. Off. 3, 17, 69: “quod appellant honestum, non tam solido quam splendido nomine,id. Fin. 1, 18, 61: “suavitas austera et solida,id. de Or. 3, 26, 103: “solida veraque laus,id. Sest. 43, 93; cf.: “solida laus ac vera dignitas,id. Vatin. 3, 8: “gloria (with vera),id. Phil. 5, 18, 50: nostra gloria, cum sit ex solido, Curt. 9, 2, 14: “nulla utilitas (with puerilis delectatio),Cic. Fin. 1, 21, 72: “salus,Plaut. Bacch. 2, 2, 10: “gratia,id. Curc. 3, 35; Ov. M. 12, 576: “beneficium,Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 32: “gaudium,id. And. 4, 1, 24: “libertas,Liv. 2, 2, 6; Tac. Or. 9: “fides,id. H. 2, 79: “mens,firm, determined, Hor. C. 3, 3, 4: “solidum opus doctrinae,Val. Max. 4, 1, ext. 1: “in solidiore aliquo scripti genere,Sen. Contr. 1, 8, 16: “gravior solidiorque sententia,Gell. 11, 13, 8: “virtus,Val. Max. 2, 8, 5; 5, 4, ext. 5: “vinum,Pall. 11, 14 fin.— Neutr. absol.: “quibus ex rebus nihil est, quod solidum tenere possis,Cic. Pis. 25, 60: “multos in solido rursus Fortuna locavit,in safety, Verg. A. 11, 427; cf.: “praesentia bona nondum tota in solido sunt,Sen. Ben. 3, 4, 2: “nostra gloria, cum sit ex solido,Curt. 9, 2, 14: “ut salus ejus locetur in solido,Amm. 17, 5, 11.—Hence, adv., in two forms.
A. sŏlĭdum (very rare), soundly, thoroughly: “dinoscere cautus Quid solidum crepet,Pers. 5, 25: “Venus irata solidum,App. M. 5, p. 171, 24.—
B. sŏlĭdē (not in Cic.).
1. (Acc. to I.) Densely, closely, solidly: “solide et crassis viminibus contexta cista,Col. 12, 56, 2: “solide natus est,” i. e. without a hollow place, without wind in one's inside, Petr. 47, 4.—Comp.: “concreta aqua,Gell. 19, 5, 5.—
2. (Acc. to II.) Surely, wholly, fully, truly: “neque, natus necne is fuerit, id solide scio,Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 8; 4, 2, 47; Ter And. 5, 5, 8; App. M. 3, p. 135, 41; Spart. Ael. Ver. 8.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: