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sponte , abl., and spontis ,
I.gen. (perh. the only cases in use of a noun spons, assumed by Charis. p. 34 P., and Aus. Idyll. 12, 8, 11, as nom. But ad spontem is Müller's reading, Varr. L. L. 6, 7, 72, for a sponte), f. spondeo; prop. a pledging of one's self to a thing; hence, opp. to external necessity or inducement, of free will, of one's own accord.
I. Sponte, in good prose always joined with meā, tuā, suā (poet. and in post-Aug. prose; also absol. or with gen.), of free will, of one's own accord, of one's self, freely, willingly, voluntarily, spontaneously (syn. ultro): “sponte valet a voluntate,Varr. L. L. 6, § 69 Müll.: “si imprudenter aut necessitate aut casu quippiam fecerit, quod non concederetur iis, qui suā sponte et voluntate fecissent,Cic. Part. Or. 37, 131: “tuo judicio et tuā sponte facere,id. Fam. 9, 14, 2; cf.: “Galliam totam hortatur ad bellum, ipsam suā sponte suoque judicio excitatam,id. Phil. 4, 3, 8: “potius consuefacere filium, Suā sponte recte facere quam alieno metu,Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 50: “si hic non insanit satis suā sponte, instiga,id. And. 4, 2, 9: “ut id suā sponte facerent, quod cogerentur facere legibus,Cic. Rep. 1, 2, 3: “meā sponte (opp. invitatu tuo),id. Fam. 7, 5, 2: “meā sponte (opp. monente et denuntiante te),id. ib. 4, 3, 1: “non solum a me provocatus, sed etiam suā sponte,id. ib. 1, 7, 3: “transisse Rhenum sese non suā sponte, sed rogatum et arcessitum a Gallis,Caes. B. G. 1, 44: “et suā sponte multi in disciplinam conveniunt et a parentibus propinquisque mittuntur,id. ib. 6, 14: “sive ipse sponte suā, sive senatusconsulto accitus,Liv. 10, 25, 12: “quaesitum est, praecipitata esset ab eo uxor, an se ipsa suā sponte jecisset,Quint. 7, 2, 24: “gaudeo id te mihi suadere, quod ego meā sponte pridie feceram,Cic. Att. 15, 27: sponte ipsam suāpte adductam, Lucil. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, § 69 Müll.: “me si fata meis paterentur ducere vitam Auspiciis et sponte meā componere curas,Verg. A. 4, 341: “interim sponte nostrā velut donantes,Quint. 3, 6, 8.—Sometimes propriā for suā (late Lat.): “sponte se propriā dederunt,Amm. 17, 2, 3: “Richomeres se sponte obtulit propriā,id. 31, 12, 15.—
(γ). With gen.: “sponte deūm,according to the will of the gods, Luc. 1, 234 Cort.: “sponte ducum,id. 1, 99: “sponte deorum,id. 5, 136; Val. Fl. 4, 358: “naturae,Plin. 7, prooem. 1. § 4; 9, 51, 74, § 160; 11, 49, 110, § 263; 14, 4, 6, § 53; Sil. 14, 153: “principis,Tac. A. 2, 59: “Caesaris,id. ib. 6, 31: “praefecti,id. ib. 4, 7: “incolarum,id. ib. 4, 51: “litigatoris,id. ib. 13, 42; 7, 51; id. H. 4, 19; Curt. 4, 1, 16.—
(δ). Very rarely with a prep.: de tuā sponte, Cotta ap. Charis. p. 195 P.: “a sponte,Varr. L. L. 6, § 69 Müll.; cf. § 71 sqq. ib.—
B. Transf., of one's own will or agency (opp. to foreign participation or assistance), by one's self, without the aid of others, alone (rare but class.): “nequeo Pedibus meā sponte ambulare,Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 46: “nec suā sponte, sed eorum auxilio,Cic. Fam. 7, 2, 3: “cum oppidani autem etiam suā sponte Caesarem recipere conarentur,Caes. B. C. 3, 11 fin.: “his cum suā sponte persuadere non possent, legatos ad Dumnorigem mittunt, ut eo deprecatore a Sequanis impetrarent,id. B. G. 1, 9: “civitatem ignobilem atque humilem Eburonum suā sponte populo Romano bellum facere ausam, vix erat credendum,id. ib. 5, 28; cf. id. ib. 7, 65: “judicium quod Verres suā sponte instituisset,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 43, § 111: “cum illa civitas cum Poenis suo nomine ac suā sponte bellaret,id. ib. 2, 4, 33, § “72: ecquis Volcatio si suā sponte venisset, unam libellam dedisset?id. ib. 2, 2, 10, § 26.—
II. spontis , only in the phrase suae spontis (esse).
A. To be one's own master, at one's own disposal (very rare and mostly post-Aug.; “not in Cic. or Cæs.): quod suae spontis statuerant finem,Varr. L. L. 6, § 71 Müll.: “sanus homo, qui suae spontis est, nullis obligare se legibus debet,Cels. 1, 1.—
B. In Columella, of things, = suā sponte, of itself, spontaneously: “altera (cytisus est) suae spontis,springs up spontaneously, Col. 9, 4, 2: “ubi loci natura neque manu illatam neque suae spontis aquam ministrari patitur,id. 11, 3, 10.
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