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strēnuus , a, um, adj. root in Gr. στερεός, firm, hard; cf. sterilis, and Germ. starren,
I.brisk, nimble, quick, prompt, active, vigorous, strenuous.
I. Of persons (freq. and class.; syn.: fortis, alacer, agilis): mercator strenuus, Cato, R. R. praef. § 3; cf.: vilicus strenuior, Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 601 P. (Sat. 16, 5): “strenui nimio plus prosunt populi quam arguti et cati,Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 12: “homo,Ter. Phorm. 3, 1, 12: “multi alii ex Trojā strenui viri,Naev. 1, 17: “strenuior (opp. deterior),Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 10: viri fortissimi et milites strenuissimi, Cato, R. R. praef. § 4; cf. Cic. Phil. 2, 32, 78: “strenuus et fortis,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 46; Liv. 21, 4, 4: “imperator in proeliis strenuus et fortis,Quint. 12, 3, 5: “strenui ignavique in victoriā idem audent,Tac. H. 2, 14 fin.; so (opp. ignavus) id. ib. 4, 69; (opp. iners) id. ib. 1, 46; Sall. C. 61, 7; 51, 16: noli me tam strenuum putare, ut ad Nonas recurram, Hirt. ap. Cic. Att. 15, 6, 2: “Graeci, gens linguā magis strenua quam factis,Liv. 8, 22, 8; Tac. H. 3, 57: “quodsi cessas aut strenuus anteis,Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 70 et saep.—With gen.: “strenuus militiae,Tac. H. 3, 42.—
B. Restless, turbulent (post-Aug.): “multi in utroque exercitu, sicut modesti quietique, ita mali et strenui,Tac. H. 1, 52: “strenuus in perfidiā,id. ib. 3, 57.—
II. Transf., of things (not in class. prose): operam reipublicae fortem atque strenuam perhibere, Cato ap. Gell. 3, 7, 19; cf. Plaut. ib. 7, 7, 3: “adulescens strenuā facie,id. Rud. 2, 2, 8: “manus (chirurgi),nimble, quick, dexterous, Cels. 7 praef. med.: “corpus,Gell. 3, 1, 12: “navis,Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 34: “strenua nos exercet inertia,busy idleness, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 28: “transiliebant in vehicula strenuo saltu,Curt. 9, 3, 15: “toxica,quick, speedy, Col. 10, 18: “remedium,Curt. 3, 6, 2: “causa tam strenuae mortis,id. 9, 8, 20.—Hence, adv.: strē-nuē , briskly, quickly, promptly, actively, strenuously: “strenue quod volumus ostendere factum, celeriuscule dicemus, at aliud otiose, retardabimus,Auct. Her. 3, 14, 24: “aliquid facere,Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 48: converrite scopis, agite strenue, id. Fragm. ap. Charis. p. 195 P.: “abi prae strenue ac aperi fores,Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 13: “arma capere,Cic. Rab. Perd. 10, 30: “aedificare domum,id. Q. Fr. 2, 4, 2: “praesto fuit sane strenue,id. Fam. 14, 5, 1.—Without a verb: Da. Jam hercle ego illum nominabo. Tr. Euge strenue, Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 59; id. Ps. 1, 5, 94.— Sup.: “per hos strenuissime omnia bella confecta,Veg. Mil. 1, 17.—Comp. seems not to occur.
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