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stŭpeo , ui, ēre, v. n. and
I.a. [Sanscr. stūpas, cumulus; Gr. στύπος; Lat. stipes, a block, stump; cf. στείβω].
I. Neutr., to be struck senseless, to be stunned, benumbed; to be struck aghast, to be astonished, astounded, amazed, confounded, stupefied, etc. (freq. and class.; “syn. torpeo): animus lassus curā confectus stupet,Ter. And. 2, 1, 4: “cum hic etiam tum semisomnus, stupri plenus stuperet,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 36, § 95: “torpescunt scorpiones aconiti tactu stupentque pallentes,Plin. 27, 2, 2, § 6: “haec cum loqueris, nos barones stupemus,Cic. Fin. 2, 23, 77; cf.: “quae cum intuerer stupens,id. Rep. 6, 18, 18: “dum stupet obtutuque haeret defixus in uno,Verg. A. 1, 495: “admiror, stupeo,Mart. 5, 63, 3: “adhuc in oppidis coartatus et stupens,Cic. Att. 7, 10: “vigiles attoniti et stupentibus similes,Curt. 8, 2, 3.—With gen.: “tribuni capti et stupentes animi,Liv. 6, 38.—
B. Transf., of inanimate or abstract things, to be benumbed or stiffened, to be brought to a stand-still, to stop (mostly poet.; “not in Cic.): multum refert, a fonte bibatur Qui fluit, an pigro quae stupet unda lacu,Mart. 9, 100, 10: “flumina brumā,Val. Fl. 5, 603: “undae,Sen. Herc. Fur. 763; cf.: “ad frigus stupet (vinum), opp. gelascit,Plin. 14, 21, 27, § 132: “stupuitque Ixionis orbis,Ov. M. 10, 42: “ignavo stupuerunt verba palato,id. Am. 2, 6, 47: “stupente ita seditione,Liv. 28, 25.—
II. Act., to be astonished or amazed at, to wonder at any thing (poet.; cf. “admiror): pars stupet innuptae donum exitiale Minervae,Verg. A. 2, 31: “omnia dum stupet,Val. Fl. 5, 96: “regis delicias,Mart. 12, 15, 4: “dum omnia stupeo,Petr. 29 al.— Hence, part. fut. pass.: stŭpendus , a, um, wonderful, astonishing, amazing, stupendous: “virtutibus stupendus,Val. Max. 5, 7, 1: “virtutum stupenda penetralia,Nazar. Pan. Const. 6, § 1.
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