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sŭb-ĕo , ĭi, ĭtum, īre (
I.perf. subīvit, Ov. F. 1, 314; Stat. S. 2, 1, 155: subivimus, Claud. ap. Tac. A. 11, 24 dub.), v. n. and a., to come or go under any thing; to come or go up to, to approach, draw near, advance or proceed to a place; to come or go on; to follow, succeed; to go down, sink; to come up, spring up (cf. succedo).
I. Neutr.
A. Lit.
1. In gen.: “subire sub falas,Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 10: “in nemoris latebras,Ov. M. 4, 601; cf.: in aliquem locum, to enter, Auct. B. Alex. 74, 4: “in adversum Romani subiere,Liv. 1, 12, 1: “in adversos montes,id. 41, 18, 11: “testudine factā subeunt,advance, Caes. B. G. 7, 85, 7: “Albani subiere ad montes,Liv. 1, 28, 5: “subire ad portam castrorum,id. 34, 16, 2; cf.: “ad urbem subeunt,id. 31, 45, 4; 39, 27, 10; 36, 19, 1; and: “subeundum erat ad hostes,id. 2, 31, 4: “ad tecta subibant,Verg. A. 8, 359.—With dat.: “muro subibant,Verg. A. 7, 161; so, “muro,id. ib. 9, 371: “portu Chaonio (with accedere urbem),id. ib. 3, 292: “luco,id. ib. 8, 125: “dumis,Sil. 5, 283: “ingenti feretro,Verg. A. 6, 222: “age cervici inponere nostrae: Ipse subibo umeris,id. ib. 2, 708: “per vices subeunt elephanti,Plin. 8, 7, 7, § 23: “pone subit conjux,follows, Verg. A. 2, 725; so Val. Fl. 4, 197; cf.: “dexterae alae sinistra subiit,Liv. 27, 2, 7: “subeuntis alii aliis in custodiam,id. 25, 37, 6; and: “subiit argentea proles,Ov. M. 1, 114: “subit ipse meumque Explet opus,succeeds me, takes my place, id. ib. 3, 648: “Volscus saxa objacentia pedibus ingerit in subeuntes,climbing, Liv. 2, 65, 4: “vel eodem amne vel Euphrate subire eos posse,” i. e. sail up stream, Curt. 9, 10, 3; cf.: “adverso amne Babylona subituros,id. 10, 1, 16.—
b. Of things: “stamen a stando: subtemen, quod subit stamini,Varr. L. L. 5, § 113 Müll.: “cum luna sub orbem solis subisset,Liv. 37, 4, 4: “tertio die mixtum flumini subibat mare,Curt. 9, 9, 7: “venae nonnumquam incipiente febre subeunt,the pulse sinks, Cels. 3, 6 med.: “subeunt herbae,come up, spring up, Verg. G. 1, 180; so, “barba,” i. e. sprouts, grows, Mart. 7, 83, 2: “subisse aquam in caelum,Plin. 31, 3, 21, § 32.—
2. In partic., to come on secretly, to advance or approach stealthily, to steal upon, steal into (poet.), Prop. 1, 9, 26; Ov. Am. 1, 2, 6; id. A. A. 1, 742.—
B. Trop.
1. In gen., to come in, succeed, take place; to enter stealthily, come secretly or by degrees: in quarum locum subierunt inquilinae impietas, perfidia, impudentia, Varr. ap. Non. 403, 27: “fugere pudor verumque fidesque: In quorum subiere locum fraudesque dolique,Ov. M. 1, 130: “pulchra subit facies,id. ib. 14, 827: “subit ecce priori Causa recens,id. ib. 3, 259: “an subit (amor) et tacitā callidus arte nocet?id. Am. 1, 2, 6: subeunt morbi tristisque senectus, Verg. G. 3, 67: “namque graves morbi subeunt segnisque senectus,Nemes. Cyn. 117; cf.: “duo pariter subierunt incommoda,arise, come up, Quint. 5, 10, 100: “ne subeant animo taedia justa tuo,Ov. P. 4, 15, 30: “regio, quā vero ipsa subit ad Medos,approaches, Plin. 6, 26, 29, § 115. —
(β). Subit, with subj.- or rel.-clause (poet. and in postAug. prose), Ov. M. 2, 755: “quo magis ac magis admirari subit,Plin. 12, prooem. § 2; “35, 7, 31, § 49: misereri sortis humanae subit,id. 25, 3, 7, § 23: “quid sim, quid fuerimque subit,Ov. Tr. 3, 8, 38.
II. Act.
A. Lit.
1. In gen., to come or go under, to enter; to submit to; to approach, etc.: “exercitatissimi in armis, qui inter annos XIV. tectum non subissent,had not come under a roof, Caes. B. G. 1, 36: “tecta,Quint. 2, 16, 6; Ov. M. 6, 669: “jam subeunt Triviae lucos atque aurea tecta,Verg. A. 6, 13: “limina victor Alcides subiit,id. ib. 8, 363: “domos,Ov. M. 1, 121: “penates,id. ib. 5, 650: “macra cavum repetes artum, quem macra subisti,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 33: “cum novies subiere paludem,had plunged under, Ov. M. 15, 358; id. F. 1, 314: “et juncti currum dominae subiere leones,Verg. A. 3, 313: “leones jugum subeant,Plin. 10, 45, 62, § 128: “asellus gravius dorso subiit onus,” i. e. submits to, receives, Hor. S. 1, 9, 21: “subire iniquissimum locum,Caes. B. G. 2, 27: iniquum locum, Auct. B. Alex. 76, 2; id. B. Hisp. 24, 3: “collem,to go up, mount, climb, scale, Hirt. B. G. 8, 15: “consules utrimque aciem subeuntium jam muros adgrediuntur,Liv. 7, 12, 3: “muros,id. 27, 18: “impositum saxis Anxur,Hor. S. 1, 5, 25: “si subeuntur prospera castra,Juv. 16, 2 et saep.: “perfurit, Fadumque Herbesumque subit,comes up to, attacks, assails, Verg. A. 9, 344; cf.: “interim fallendus est judex et variis artibus subeundus,Quint. 4, 5, 5: “precibus commota Tonantem Juno subit,approaches, Stat. Th. 9, 510: “subit ille minantem,id. ib. 8, 84: “Aeneae mucronem,Verg. A. 10, 798: “qui procul hostium conspectu subibant aquam,Curt. 4, 13, 10: “Hispo subit juvenes, i. e. paedicat,Juv. 2, 50.—
2. In partic., to approach secretly, to steal upon or into (cf. supra, I. A. 2.): “multi Nomine divorum thalamos subiere pudicos,Ov. M. 3, 282: “subit furtim lumina fessa sopor,id. H. 19, 56.—
B. Trop.
1. In gen. (very rare): “sera deinde poenitentia subiit regem,came upon, overtook, Curt. 3, 2, 19.—
2. In partic.
b. To follow in speech, interrupt, answer (post - class. and rare): “dicturum plura parentem Voce subis,Claud. IV. Cons. Hon. 352: “subit ille loquentem talibus,id. Cons. Mall. Theod. 173; id. Rapt. Pros. 3, 133.—
c. (The figure taken from stooping under a load, under blows, etc.) To subject one's self to, take upon one's self an evil; to undergo, submit to, sustain, endure, suffer it (class.; “a favorite expression of Cic.): omnes terrores periculaque omnia succurram atque subibo,Cic. Rosc. Am. 11, 31: “omnia tela intenta in patriam subire atque excipere,id. Prov. Cons. 9, 23; cf.: “quis est non ultro appetendus, subeundus, excipiendus dolor?id. Tusc. 2, 5, 14: “subire vim atque injuriam,id. Prov. Cons. 17, 41: “inimicitiae sunt: subeantur,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 71, § 182: “maximas rei publicae tempestates,id. Mur. 2, 4: “invidiam, pericula, tempestates,id. Fam. 15, 4, 12: “nefarias libidinum contumelias turpitudinesque,id. Pis. 35, 86: “potentiam, victoriam,id. Fam. 6, 1, 6: “contumeliarum verbera,id. Rep. 1, 5, 9: “majora Verbera,Hor. S. 1, 3, 120: “non praecipuam, sed parem cum ceteris fortunae condicionem,Cic. Rep. 1, 4, 7: “fortunam,id. Fam. 14, 5, 1: “judicium multitudinis imperitae,id. Fl. 1, 2: “odium eorum,id. Att. 11, 17, 2: “usum omnium,id. de Or. 1, 34, 157: “aliquid invidiae aut criminis,id. N. D. 3, 1, 3: “quemque casum,id. Att. 8, 1, 3: “quamvis carnificinam,id. Tusc. 5, 27, 78: “dupli poenam,id. Off. 3, 16, 65: “legis vim,id. Caecin. 34, 100: “summae crudelitatis famam,id. Cat. 4, 6, 12; cf.: “minus sermonis,id. Att. 11, 6, 2: “poenam exsilii,Val. Max. 6, 5, 3: “simultates,Plin. Ep. 2, 18, 5: “offensas,id. ib. 13, 9, 26: “periculum,Vulg. 2 Macc. 11, 7: “jam tum peregrinos ritus novā subeunte fortunā,Curt. 4, 6, 29. —With inf., to attempt, try, undertake: “adversa tela pellere,Stat. S. 5, 2, 105: “clavum torquere,Claud. Cons. Mall. Theod. 46.— Hence, sŭbĭtus , a, um, P. a., that has come on suddenly or unexpectedly, i. e. sudden, unexpected (freq. and class.; cf.: “repens, improvisus): res subita,Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 23: “in rebus tam subitis,Cic. Fam. 10, 16, 2: “maris subita tempestas,id. Tusc. 3, 22, 52: “subita et improvisa formido,id. Prov. Cons. 18, 43: “laetitia, etc.,Auct. Her. 1, 8, 13: “subita pugna, non praeparata,Quint. 7, 1, 35: “ut sunt Gallorum subita et repentina consilia,Caes. B. G. 3, 8: “novae rei ac subitae admiratio,Liv. 2, 2: “bellum,Caes. B. G. 3, 7: “incursiones hostium,Hirt. B. G. 8, 11: “ministeria belli,Liv. 4, 27: “imbres,Lucr. 5, 216: “vis,id. 1, 286; 4, 1210: “res,id. 6, 1282: “mors,Quint. 7, 2, 14: “casus,id. 10, 3, 3; Suet. Aug. 73: “tristia,Val. Max. 1, 6, 12: “silentium,Quint. 12, 5, 3: miles, hastily collected (opp. vetus expertusque; “syn. subitarius),Tac. H. 4, 76; cf.: “aqua mulsa subita ac recens (opp. inveterata),Plin. 22, 24, 51, § 110: imagines non subitae, not newly sprung up, i. e. old, ancient, Plin. Ep. 8, 10, 3: “homo,rash, Cic. Pis. Fragm. 5: clivi, sudden, i. e. steep, Stat. Th. 6, 258.—Esp., = subito (post-Aug.): “non percussor ille subitus erumpet?Quint. 6, 2, 31; so, “manūs dux Trapezuntem subitus irrupit,Tac. H. 3, 47: “subitum inopinatumque venisse,Plin. Ep. 1, 13, 3: “evadere,Flor. 4, 2, 59.—
2. As subst.: sŭbĭtum , i. n., a sudden or unexpected thing, a sudden occurrence, etc.: “Lesbonicum foras evocate: ita subitum'st, propere eum conventum volo,Plaut. Trin. 5, 2, 51; cf.: “subitum est ei remigrare,Cic. Fam. 13, 2: “si tibi subiti nihil est,Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 36: “in subito,Plin. 7, 44, 45, § 143.—In plur.: “ut subitis ex tempore occurrant,Quint. 10, 7, 30; cf.: “etiam fortes viros subitis terreri,Tac. A. 15, 59: “quamvis non deficeretur ad subita extemporali facultate,Suet. Aug. 84: “si repentina ac subita dominantur,Sen. Ep. 16, 6: sive meditata sive subita proferret, whether he spoke after deliberation or off-hand, Plin. Ep. 1, 16, 2.—With gen.: “ad subita rerum,Liv. 9, 43: “ad subita belli,id. 6, 32; 25, 15, 20; Flor. 1, 1, 11.—
b. Adverb., suddenly, unexpectedly: “per subitum erumpit clamor,Sil. 10, 505; so, “per subitum,id. 7, 594; 8, 628; 12, 654; 14, 330; 15, 145; “15, 404: in subitum,id. 7, 527: ad subitum, Cassiod. Var. praef. med.—Hence, adv.: sŭbĭtō , suddenly, unexpectedly (freq. and class.; cf.: repente, extemplo, ilico): ut subito, ut propere, ut valide tonuit! Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 10; cf. id. Curc. 2, 3, 4: “nova res subito mihi haec objecta est,id. Ps. 2, 2, 7: “ita abripuit repente sese subito,id. Mil. 2, 2, 21: “subito tanta te impendent mala,Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 2: “cum tot bella subito atque improviso nascantur,Cic. Font. 19, 42: “ex oculis subito fugit,Verg. G. 4, 499: “cum subito ecce,Cic. Caecin. 10, 30: “ut subito nostras Hymen cantatus ad aures Venit,Ov. H. 12, 137; Curt. 9, 9, 19: “subito deficere,Quint. 7, 2, 14: “quod serenā nocte subito candens et plena luna defecisset,Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 23: “tantus subito timor omnem exercitum occupavit,Caes. B. G. 1, 39: “subito opprimi,Liv. 41, 3: “si vespertinus subito te oppresserit hospes,Hor. S. 2, 4, 17 et. saep.: “subito dicere,without preparation, extempore, Cic. de Or. 1, 33, 150: “quod vox et gestus subito sumi non potest,id. ib. 1, 59, 252: “neque potest quisquam nostrum subito fingi,id. Sull. 25, 69: “aliquid subito ex tempore conjectura explicare,id. Div. 1, 33, 72; so, “dicere,Quint. 10, 3, 30; 11, 3, 12: “inventa (opp. domo allata),id. 4, 5, 4: “cum subito evaserunt,Col. 9, 9, 3: “tam subito copias contrahere non potuit,so quickly, Nep. Dat. 7, 3.
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