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sŭbĭgo , ēgi, actum, 3 (sūbĭgĭt, scanned with u long, Cic. poët. Div. 1, 47, 106), v. a. sub-ago,
I.to bring under, get under; bring or get up, or up to any place.
I. Lit. (mostly poet.): “sues antequam aestus incipiat, subigunt in umbrosum locum,Varr. R. R. 2, 4, 6: “qui adverso flumine lembum Remigiis subigit,” i. e. rows up stream, Verg. G. 1, 202: “naves ad castellum,Liv. 26, 7: “classem ad moenia,Sil. 15, 218: “saxum contra ardua montis,id. 13, 610: “frondosum apicem ad sidera,id. 17, 641 et saep.: “celsos sonipedes ocius subigit jugo,brings under the yoke, Sen. Hippol. 1002.—In mal. part.: “ancillam,” i. e. to lie with, Aus. Epigr. 142; cf. Suet. Caes. 49.—
B. In gen., to turn up from beneath, to break up, dig up, plough, cultivate; to work, knead; to rub down, sharpen, whet; to tame, break (class.; “syn. domo): terram ferro,Cic. Leg. 2, 18, 45 fin.: “locum subigere oportet bene: ubi erit subactus, areas facito,to turn over and over, turn up, Cato, R. R. 161, 1: segetes aratris, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 401, 9: “agrum bipalio,Col. 3, 5, 3: “glebas,Cic. Agr. 2, 31, 84: “vomere terram,Ov. M. 11, 31: “arva,Verg. G. 1, 125.—Poet.: “ratem conto,to work, move, Verg. A. 6, 302: “pontum remis,” i. e. to plough, furrow, Val. Fl. 1, 471: “farinam in mortarium indito, aquae paulatim addito subigitoque pulchre: ubi bene subegeris, defingito,knead it thoroughly, Cato, R. R. 74; so, “corium pilis,id. ib. 18, 7: harenam argillae usque ad lentorem, id. ap. Plin. 17, 14, 24, § 111: “panem,Plin. 18, 11, 27, § 105: “aliquid oleo,id. 32, 10, 44, § 126: “digitis opus,Ov. M. 6, 20: “subigunt in cote secures,” i. e. sharpen, Verg. A. 7, 627: “pressa manu (pecudum) terga,to rub down, Col. 6, 30, 1: “(beluam) facilem ad subigendum frenat,easy to be tamed, Cic. Rep. 2, 40, 67; cf. “vitulos,Col. 6, 2, 1: “ubera,Vulg. Ezech. 23, 3.—
II. Trop.
A. To put down, overcome, conquer, subjugate, subject, subdue, etc. (freq. in prose and poetry): “plerique omnes subiguntur sub suum judicium,Naev. Bell. Pan. Fr. Inc. 7 (p. 18 Vahl.): “Persas, Paphlagonas ... subegit solus,Plaut. Curc. 3, 78: tertiam partem orbis terrarum, Cic. Rosc. Am. 36, 103: “quos armis subegimus,id. Balb. 10, 25: “Gallia devicta et subacta,Hirt. B. G. 8, 46: “urbes atque nationes,Sall. C. 2, 2: “totam inter Alpes fretumque Italiam armis,Flor. 1, 26, 9: “Africam,Val. Max. 6, 9, 14; Just. 30, 3, 9: “poëtae consuetudine subigere aures populi debent,Varr. L. L. 9, 11, 130: “nos in deditionem,Curt. 7, 7, 38: “vitulos,to break in, Col. 6, 2: “bos subactus,id. 6, 3.—Plur. subst.: “victi ac subacti,Cic. Font. 16, 36.—Absol.: mors amici subigit, Att. ap. Non. 2, 22.—In mal. part. (cf. signif. I.): Gallias Caesar subegit, Nicomedes Caesarem, Poët. ap. Suet. Caes. 49.—
B. (Acc. to I. B.) To cultivate, of the mind; to train, discipline (very rare): “subacto mihi ingenio opus est, ut agro non semel arato sed novato et iterato, etc.,Cic. de Or. 2, 30, 131: “subacti atque durati bellis,Liv. 42, 52.
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