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sŭper-pōno , pŏsŭi, pŏsĭtum, 3, v. a.,
I.to put or place over or upon, to set up (perh. not ante-Aug.).
I. Lit.
A. In gen.: “superpositum capiti decus (i. e. pileus),Liv. 1, 34: “altissimam turrim congestis pilis,Suet. Claud. 20 fin.: “statuam marmoream Jano,id. Aug. 31: “villam profluenti,Col. 1, 5, 4; cf.: “villa colli superposita,Suet. Galb. 4: “ut omnis materia jugo superponatur,Col. 4, 25, 4: “vitis, quae uno jugo superponatur,id. 5, 5, 15: “aegra superpositā membra fovere manu,Ov. H. 21, 190: desertis Africae duas Aethiopias superponunt, place above or beyond, Plin. 5, 8, 8, § 43; cf.: “Galatia superposita,situated above, id. 5, 32, 42, § 146: hominis collo superpositum, Capitol. Max. et Balb. 9; Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 27.— With abl.: “arx asperi montis interruptā planitie superposita,Amm. 24, 2, 12. —
B. In partic., medic. t. t., to lay on, apply a plaster or the like, Cels. 5, 26, 35; Plin. 29, 6, 38, § 126; 32, 7, 24, § 75: “emplastrum loco dolenti,Scrib. Comp. 206.—
II. Trop., to place over or above.
A. To place or set over, of official station, etc.: “Perperna in maritimam regionem superpositus,Liv. Fragm. Libr. 91: “ut unus de presbyteris superponeretur ceteris,Hier. in Ep. ad Tit. 1, 5: “puer super hoc positus officium,Petr. 56: “T. FLAVIO SVPERPOSITO MEDICORVM,president, Inscr. Grut. 581, 7.—*
B. To place before, prefer: Stoici volunt superponere huic etiam aliud genus magis principale, Sen. Ep. 58, 13. —
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