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sŭpīnus , a, um, adj. from sub; cf. ὕπτιος, from ὑπό, ὑπαί,
I.backwards, bent backwards, thrown backwards, lying on the back, supine (opp. pronus, cernuus).
I. Lit.
A. In gen. (freq. and class.), of persons: “stertitque supinus,Hor. S. 1, 5, 19; Suet. Aug. 16; id. Claud. 33: pater excitat supinum juvenem, i. e in bed, Juv. 14, 190.—Of animals, parts of the body, etc.: “animal omne, ut vult, ita utitur motu sui corporis, prono, obliquo, supino,Cic. Div. 1, 53, 120: “refracta videntur omnia converti sursumque supina reverti,Lucr. 4, 441: “quid nunc supina sursum in caelum conspicis?Plaut. Cist. 2, 3, 78: “cubitus,a lying on the back, Plin. 28, 4, 14, § 54: “caput,thrown back, Quint. 11, 3, 69: “cervix,id. 11, 3, 82: “vultus,id. 1, 11, 9: “ora,Cic. Univ. 14: “venter,Hor. S. 1, 5, 85: “testudines,Plin. 32, 4, 14, § 41: “apes,id. 11, 8, 8, § 19: “pugnans falce supinā,Juv. 8, 201: tendoque supinas Ad caelum cum voce manus, i. e. with the open palms turned upwards (a gesture of one praying), Verg. A. 3, 176; so, “manus,Ov. M. 8, 681; Liv. 3, 50; 26, 9; Curt. 6, 6, 34; Suet. Vit. 7; Hor. C. 3, 23, 1; Quint. 11, 3, 99: “cornua aliis adunca, aliis redunca, supina, convexa,Plin. 11, 37, 45, § 125: “cathedra,an easy chair with an inclined back, id. 16, 37, 68, § 174: jactus, a throwing up, Liv. 30, 10, 13: signis supinis, lowered (opp. erectis), Spart. Sev. 7.— Comp.: “in arborum tonsurā supiniore,Plin. 17, 23, 35, § 214. —
B. In partic.
1. Of motion, backwards, going back, retrograde (poet.): “nec redit in fontes unda supina suos,Ov. Med. Fac. 40: “cursus fluminum,id. P. 4, 5, 43: “carmen,” i. e. that can be read backwards in the same metre, Mart. 2, 86, 1.—
2. Of localities.
b. Stretched out, extended: “Tibur,Hor. C. 3, 4, 23: “solum,Plin. Pan. 30, 4: “mare,Plin. 9, 2, 1, § 2: “vindemia,id. 17, 22, 35, § 185. —
II. Trop. (poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
A. Of the mind.
1. Careless, thoughtless, heedless, negligent, indolent, supine: “otiosi et supini (oratores),Quint. 10, 2, 17 Spald.: “supini securique,id. 11, 3, 3; Dig. 18, 1, 15: “animus,Cat. 17, 25: “Maecenas,Juv. 1, 66: “auris,Mart. 6, 42, 22: “compositio (with tarda),Quint. 9, 4, 137: “ignorantia,Dig. 22, 6, 6; Quint. 12, 10, 79. — Comp.: “deliciae supiniores,Mart. 2, 6, 13. —
2. With head thrown back, haughty, proud: “haec et talia dum refert supinus,Mart. 5, 8, 10; Pers. 1, 129.—
B. In later gram. lang. sŭpīnum (sc. verbum).
1. The verbal form in um and u, the supine (perh. because, although furnished with substantive case-endings, it rests or falls back on the verb), Charis. p. 153 P.; Prisc. p. 811 ib. (called in Quint. 1, 4, 29, verba participialia).—
2. The verbal form in andum and endum, the gerund, Charis. p. 153 P.; Prisc. p. 823 ib. — Hence, * adv.: sŭpīnē (acc. to II. A. 1.), carelessly, negligently: “beneficium accipere,Sen. Ben. 2, 24, 3.
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