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tăberna , ae, f. root ta (tan); Gr. τείνω, perf. τέτακα; cf.: tabula, tenus,
I.a hut, shed, booth, stall, shop constructed of boards.
I. Hence, in gen., any slight structure used for a dwelling, a hut or cottage (very rare): “tabernae appellatio declarat omne utile ad habitandum aedificium, non ex eo, quod tabulis cluditur,Dig. 50, 16, 183: “pauperum tabernae,Hor. C. 1, 4, 13; so, “obscurae,id. A. P. 229.—Of stalls in the circus: qui in circo totas tabernas tribulium causā compararunt, Cic. Mur. 35, 73.—
II. In partic.
A. Of a merchant, mechanic, taverner, etc., a booth, shop, workshop, stall, inn, tavern (class.): “instructam ei medicinae exercendae causā tabernam dedit,Cic. Clu. 63, 178; cf.: “instructam tabernam sic accipiemus, quae et rebus et hominibus ad negotiationem paratis constat,Dig. 50, 16, 185: taberna libraria, i. e. a bookseller's shop, Cic. Phil. 2, 9, 21; “so simply taberna,Hor. S. 1, 4, 71; Mart. 1, 118, 10: “vinaria,Varr. L. L. 8, § 55 Müll.; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 24: “cretaria, unguentaria, Varr. l. l.: casearia,Dig. 8, 5, 8, § 5: “argentaria,ib. 18, 1, 32; Liv. 26, 11, 7: “purpuraria,Dig. 32, 1, 91: “sutrina,Tac. A. 15, 34; cf.: “ut Alfenus vafer omni Abjecto instrumento artis clausaque taberna Sutor erat,Hor. S. 1, 3, 131: Liparea, Vulcan's shop, Juv. 13, 45: “deversoria,an inn, tavern, Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 81; id. Truc. 3, 2, 29; Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 23: “cauponia,Dig. 33, 7, 13; cf.: “cum in eandem tabernam devertissent,Cic. Inv. 2, 4, 14: “occlusis tabernis,id. Cat. 4, 8, 17: “concursare circum tabernas,id. ib.: “occludere tabernas,id. Ac. 2, 47, 144: “salax,Cat. 37, 1; cf. Prop. 4 (5), 8, 19. “prope Cloacinae ad tabernas,Liv. 3, 48, 5: “tabernam exercere,Dig. 33, 7, 15; Suet. Aug. 4: “tabernam vel officinam conductam habuit,Dig. 5, 1, 19. —
B. Tres Tabernae, the Three Taverns, a place on the Appian Way, near Ulubrae and Forum Appii, Cic. Att. 1, 13, 1; 2, 10; 2, 12, 2; 2, 13, 1; Vulg. Act. 28, 15. —
C. A passage, archway in the circus, Cic. Mur. 35, 73. —
D. Poet.: “quae colis Durrachium Adriae tabernam,the market, Cat. 36, 15.
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