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tĕnŭis , e (in the poets also as dissyl. tēnuis, and hence sometimes written ten-vis , Lucr. 1, 875; 2, 232; 3, 232 al.; cf.
I.tenuia and tenuius, trisyl.,id. 4, 66; 4, 808; 3, 243, v. Carey, Lat. Prosody, § 47), adj. root in Sanscr. tanu; ten., Gr. τείνω; prop. stretched out, drawn out; v. teneo; hence, thin, fine, close, etc. (syn.: gracilis, exilis).
I. Lit.
2. Of substance, thin, rare, fine: “tenue caelum (opp. crassum),Cic. Fat. 4, 7; so, “tenue purumque caelum,id. Div. 1, 57, 130: aër, rare (with purus), id. N. D. 2, 16, 42; cf.: “aethereus locus tenuissimus est,id. ib. 2, 15, 42: “capilli,Ov. Am. 1, 14, 5: “comae,Tib. 1, 9, 68: “rima,Ov. M. 4, 65: “vinum,thin, watery, Plin. 14, 9, 11, § 80; 15, 28, 33, § 110; 23, 1, 22, § 39: “aqua,clear, Ov. F. 2, 250; cf. “sanguis (opp. crassus),Plin. 11, 38, 90, § 221: “agmen (militum),Liv. 25, 23, 16: “acies,Tac. A. 1, 64; cf. “pluviae,Verg. G. 1, 92.—
3. Of form, slim, thin, lank, slender, fine: “penna,Hor. C. 2, 20, 1: “cauda (piscis),Ov. M. 4, 726: “acus,id. Am. 3, 7, 30: “tabellae,Mart. 14, 3, 1: “nitedula,thin, lank, meagre, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 29; cf.: “canes macie tenues,Nemes. Cyn. 137: “Gellius,Cat. 89, 1: “Thais,Mart. 11, 101, 1: “umbra (defuncti),Tib. 3, 2, 9; cf.: “animae (defunctorum),Ov. M. 14, 411; id. F. 2, 565. —
4. Of sounds, weak, thin: vox, Pompon. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4, 12 (Com. Rel. v. 59 Rib.); Quint. 11, 3, 32. —
II. Trop.
A. Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact (syn.: “elegans, subtilis): tenuis et acuta distinctio,Cic. Ac. 2, 14, 43; cf.: “tenues autem differentias (praecepta) habent,Sen. Ep. 94, 35: “(oratores) tenues, acuti,Cic. Or. 5, 20; so, “orator,id. ib. 24, 81; Quint. 12, 10, 21: “aures,Lucr. 4, 913: “cura,Ov. P. 4, 6, 37: “Athenae,elegant, Mart. 6, 64, 17: “rationes latiore specie, non ad tenue limatae,Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 66: “textum dicendi,Quint. 10, 1, 64.— Subst.: tĕnŭe , is, n., that which is subtle (opp. comprehensibile), Lact. 7, 4, 12.—
2. Esp., of rank, standing, etc., low, inferior, common: “tenuiores,men of lower rank, the lower orders, Cic. Leg. 3, 10, 24; cf.: “tenuis L. Virginius unusque de multis,id. Fin. 2, 20, 66: “tenuissimus quisque,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 47, § 123: “homines,id. Mur. 34, 70; cf.: “commoti animi tenuiorum,id. ib. 23, 47: “si obscuri erunt aut tenues,id. Part. Or. 34, 117: “qui tenuioris ordinis essent,id. Leg. 3, 13, 30: “adulescentes tenui loco orti,Liv. 2, 3, 2. — Hence, adv.: tĕnŭĭter .
1. Lit.
b. Indifferently, poorly: Da. Quid rei gerit? Ge. Sic, tenuiter. Da. Non multum habet, Quod det, etc., Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 95.—
2. Trop.
b. Lightly, slightly, superficially: “mihi nimium tenuiter Siculorum erga te voluntatis argumenta colligere videor,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 65, § 157; Auct. Her. 3, 8, 15; 4, 36, 48.— Sup.: “tenuissime aestimare,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 16, § 35.
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