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tĭmor (tĭmos , Naev. ap. Non. 487, 6), ōris, m. timeo.
I. Lit., fear, dread, apprehension, alarm, anxiety (cf.: “metus, horror, formido, timiditas, pavor): definiunt timorem metum mali appropinquantis,Cic. Tusc. 4, 8, 19: “metus ac timor,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 19, § 41: “timor praepedit dicta linguae,Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 25: “timore torpeo,id. Truc. 4, 3, 50: “prae timore in genua concidit,id. Rud. 1, 2, 85; id. Cist. 4, 2, 45: “in timorem dabo militarem advenam,id. Ps. 4, 1, 19: “animus timore Obstipuit,Ter. Ad. 4, 4, 4: “magno timore sum,Cic. Att. 5, 14, 2; id. Fin. 2, 10, 30: “cruciatu timoris angi,id. Off. 2, 7, 25: amici nostri, timore de nobis afficiuntur, id. Fam. 11, 2, 3: “res quae mihi facit timorem,id. ib. 10, 18, 2: “timore perterritus,id. Div. 1, 28, 58; so Caes. B. G. 1, 22; 1, 23: “huc accedit summus timor,Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 9: “haec sunt in judicum animis ... oratione molienda, amor, odium ... spes, laetitia, timor, molestia,id. de Or. 2, 51, 206: “timor incutitur ex ipsorum periculis,id. ib. 2, 51, 209: “timor omnem exercitum occupavit,Caes. B. G. 1, 39; cf. Cic. Rep. 1, 16, 25: “Parthis timor injectus est,id. Att. 5, 20, 3; id. Agr. 1, 8, 23; Caes. B. G. 7, 55: “alicui timorem deicere,Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 24: “hunc mihi timorem eripe,id. Cat. 1, 7, 18: “ades animo et omitte timorem,id. Rep. 6, 10, 10: “timorem abicere,id. Fam. 11, 21, 4: “timore sublato,Caes. B. G. 6, 23; cf.: omni timore deposito, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 23, 1: “ut se ex maximo timore colligerent,Caes. B. C. 3, 65: “ea (aestas), quae sequitur, magno est in timore,” i. e. occasions great apprehension, Cic. Fam. 2, 10, 4: “numquam fidele consilium daturus timor,Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 5. — With ne: “ubi timor est, ne auctumnalis satio hiemis gelicidiis peruratur,Col. 11, 3, 63; so Verg. A. 6, 352; Liv. 6, 28, 8.—With acc. and inf.: “in timore civitas fuit, obsides captivosque Poenorum ea moliri,Liv. 32, 26, 16: “subest ille timor ne dignitatem quidem posse retineri,Cic. de Or. 2, 82, 334.— With in and abl.: “cum major a Romanis metus timorem a principibus suis vicisset,Liv. 45, 26, 7.—With gen. of the thing feared: “belli magni timor impendet,Cic. Fam. 2, 7, 4; so, “vituperationis non injustae,id. Rep. 5, 4, : “repentinae incursionis,Caes. B. G. 6, 23: “mortis,Lucr. 5, 1180; Ov. M. 7, 604.—In plur., Cic. Rep. 1, 44, 68; Lucr. 2, 45; 5, 46; Cat. 64, 99; Hor. C. 1, 37, 15; id. Ep. 1, 4, 12.—
B. Personified, Fear: “Timor,Hor. C. 3, 1, 37: “ater,Verg. A. 9, 719. —Plur., Ov. M. 12, 60.—
II. Poet., transf.
A. In a good sense, awe, reverence, veneration: “divum,Lucr. 5, 1223: “quod hominibus perturbatis inanem religionem timoremque dejecerat,Cic. Rep. 1, 15, 24: “deorum,Hor. S. 2, 3, 295: “sacer,Sil. 3, 31: “primus in orbe deos fecit timor,Stat. Th. 3, 661.—
B. An object that excites fear, a terror: “audaci tu timor esse potes,Prop. 3, 7, 28 (4, 6, 70): “Cacus Aventinae timor,Ov. F. 1, 551; cf. id. M. 3, 291; 10, 29; 12, 612: “magnus uterque timor latronibus,Hor. S. 1, 4, 67; Plin. 8, 32, 50, § 119. —
C. An object for which anxiety is felt (poet.): “ratis, tot gracili ligno complexa timores,Stat. S. 3, 2, 80.
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