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trans , prep. with acc. [Sanscr. tar-, to put across; tiram, brink; Gr. τέρμα, goal; Lat. terminus, etc.],
I.across, over, beyond, on the farther side of.
II. In composition, trans before vowels, except i, and the consonants b, c, f, g, p, r, t, and v remains unchanged; before i, j, d, l, m, and n the orthography varies between trans and trā, e. g. transdo and trado, transduco and traduco, etc.; the fuller form predominates in Cæsar. The s of trans disappears usually before another s, and always before sc, e. g. transilio, transcendo, transpicio, etc.; cf. Bramb. Aids to Lat. Orth. p. 38; Neue, Formenl. II. 734 sq.—
B. As to its signification, trans denotes,
1. Over, across; as, trado, traduco, transcurro, transeo, etc.—
2. Through, through and through; as, transfigo, transigo, traicio, transadigo, etc.—
3. Beyond, transalpinus.
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