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tristĭtĭa , ae, f. id.,
I.sadness, mournfulness, sorrow, grief, melancholy, gloominess, dejection (class.; syn. maestitia).
I. In gen.
B. Of things: “haec tristitia temporum,this sad state of the times, Cic. Att. 12, 40, 3: “caeli,Plin. 2, 6, 4, § 13: “indurata soli,id. 18, 21, 50, § 184: “aspectus,id. 9, 9, 11, § 34: “lenitate verbi rei tristitiam mitigare,hardness, harshness, Cic. Off. 1, 12, 37.—
II. In partic., of demeanor, moroseness, sourness, gloominess, harshness, sternness, severity, etc. (syn. severitas): “an nova tristitiae causa puella tuae?Prop. 1, 18, 10: “simque ego tristitiae causa modusque tuae,Ov. H. 3, 90: “(risus) tristitiam ac severitatem mitigat, relaxat,Cic. de Or. 2, 58, 236; cf. id. Lael. 18, 66: “illorum (philosophorum) tristitiam atque asperitatem fugiens,id. Fin. 4, 28, 79: “quod ille vos tristitiā vultuque deceperit,id. Prov. Cons. 5, 12; “so Quint. Inst. prooem. § 15: non conveniant barbae illi atque tristitiae,id. ib. 11, 1, 34; Plin. Ep. 1, 10, 7; 8, 21, 1; Suet. Ner. 23; Sil. 8, 612.
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