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tŭmĭdus , a, um, adj. tumeo,
I.swollen, swelling, rising high, protuberant, tumid (class.).
I. Lit.: “membrum tumidum ac turgidum,Cic. Tusc. 3, 9, 19: “serpens inflato collo, tumidis cervicibus,id. Vatin. 2, 4: “Python,Ov. M. 1, 460: “Echidnae,id. ib. 10, 313: “venter,id. Am. 2, 14, 15: “papillae,id. R. Am. 338: “virginitas,” i. e. with swelling breasts, Stat. Th. 2, 204: “mare,Verg. A. 8, 671: “aequor,id. ib. 3, 157; Ov. M. 14, 544: “fluctus,id. ib. 11, 480: “Nilus,Hor. C. 3, 3, 48: “vela,id. Ep. 2, 2, 201: “montes,Ov. Am. 2, 16, 51: “terrae Germaniae,Tac. A. 2, 23 Ritter; cf. “Nipperd. ad loc. (Halm, umidis): crudi tumidique lavemur,” i. e. swollen, stuffed with food, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 61.—Comp.: “oculi,Cels. 2, 6: “humus,Col. 4, 1, 3.—
II. Trop.
A. Swollen or swelling with passionate excitement; excited, incensed, enraged, exasperated; puffed up, elated, haughty, arrogant; restless, violent, ready to break out (mostly poet.; not in Cic.); “with anger: tumida ex irā tum corda residunt,Verg. A. 6, 407: “ōs,Hor. A. P. 94: “es tumidus genitoris imagine falsi,Ov. M. 1, 754.—With pride, Ov. M. 8, 396; 8, 495; Hor. S. 1, 7, 7: “sermo,id. ib. 2, 5, 98: “minae,id. C. 4, 3, 8: “cum tumidum est cor,” i. e. swells with ambition, Hor. S. 2, 3, 213: “tumidi minantur,swelling with rage, Stat. Achill. 1, 155: “ingenia genti tumida,Just. 41, 3, 7: “tumidae gentium inflataeque cervices,Flor. 4, 12, 2: “quem tumidum ac sui jactantem et ambitiosum institorem eloquentiae videat,Quint. 11, 1, 50.—Sup.: “(Alexander) tumidissimum animal,most arrogant, Sen. Ben. 2, 16, 2: “Eridani tumidissimus accola Celtae,most seditious, Sil. 11, 25.—
B. Of style, etc.
III. Act., puffing up, causing to swell: “tumidoque inflatur carbasus Austro,Verg. A. 3, 357 Forbig. ad loc.: “nec tumidos causabitur Euros,Ov. Am. 1, 9, 13.—Trop.: “Qui nunc in tumidum jactando venit honorem,Prop. 2, 24, 31 (3, 16, 15) Paley ad loc.—Hence, adv.: tŭmĭdē (acc. to II. A.), haughtily, pompously: “tumidissime dixit Murrhedius,Sen. Contr. 4, 25 fin.
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