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turbo , ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben , ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.;
I.gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
I. A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem πρηστῆρα Graeci vocant: “hic est igneus turbo,Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3: “falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18: “procellae, turbines,Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.): “venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310: “senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1: “turbo aut subita tempestas,id. Cael. 32, 79: “pulvis collectus turbine,Hor. S. 1, 4, 31: “venti rotanti turbine portant,Lucr. 1, 294: “ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,Verg. G. 1, 320: “venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,id. A. 1, 83: “accendi turbine quodam aëris,Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus: “exoritur ventus turbo,Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47: “circumstabant navem turbines venti,id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
II. Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
B. Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
III. A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.): “cum caeli turbine ferri,Lucr. 5, 624: “lunae,id. 5, 632: “ignium,id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573: “teli (contorti),id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542: “saxi,whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531: “serpentis,” i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191: “Aegaeus,whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat Th. 4, 813: “verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,” i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6: “vulgi,” i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
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