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ulciscor , ultus, 3,
I.v. inch. dep. [etym. dub.].
I. To avenge one's self on, take vengeance on, or punish for wrong done (very freq. and class.; cf.: vindico, punio, persequor).
II. Transf., with the person to whom wrong has been done as the object, to take vengeance for, to avenge a person (much less freq. but class.): “quos nobis poëtae tradiderunt patris ulciscendi causā supplicium de matre sumpsisse,Cic. Rosc. Am. 24, 66; Auct. Her. 1, 16, 26: “caesos fratres,Ov. M. 12, 603: “fratrem,id. ib. 8, 442: “patrem justa per arma,id. F. 3, 710: “numen utrumque,id. ib. 5, 574: “cadentem patriam,Verg. A. 2, 576: “quibus (armis) possis te ulcisci lacessitus,Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 32: “se,id. Mil. 14, 38; Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 40, § 87; Plin. Ep. 8, 7, 2; Ov. M. 7, 397; id. P. 1, 8, 20: “Hannibal se a transfugis ultus est,Front. Strat. 3, 16, 4.— Transf., of things: “a ferro sanguis humanus se ulciscitur: contactum namque eo celerius subinde rubiginem trahit,Plin. 34, 14, 41, § 146.—With the two constructions combined: “non hercle ego is sum, qui sum, ni hanc injuriam meque ultus pulcre fuero,Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 7.!*?
1. Act. collat. form ulcisco , ĕre: nisi patrem materno sanguine exanclando ulciscerem, Enn. ap. Non. 292, 16 (Trag. v. 184 Vahl.).—
2. ulciscor , ci, in a passive signif.: “quicquid sine sanguine civium ulcisci nequitur, jure factum sit,Sall. J. 31, 8: ob iras graviter ultas, graviter ultae, Liv 2, 17, 7; so, “ultus,avenged, Val. Fl. 4, 753: “ulta ossa patris,Ov. H. 8, 120.
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