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ūro , ussi, ustum, 3, v. a. for uso from root us; cf. Gr. εὔω, to singe; αὔω, to kindle,
I.to burn (class.).
I. Lit.
2. In partic.
a. To burn up, destroy by fire, consume (syn. cremo): “hominem mortuum, inquit lex in XII., in urbe ne sepelito neve urito,Cic. Leg. 2, 23, 58 Mos.; so XII. Tab. ib. 2, 24, 60: “flamma cum corpora fulva leonum soleat torrere atque urere,Lucr. 5, 898 (902): in corpore si quid ejusmodi est, quod reliquo corpori noceat, id uri secarique patimur, Cic. Phil. 8, 5, 15: “agros,Liv. 26, 21, 15: “urbes hostium,Tac. H. 2, 12: “superbas Carthaginis arces,Hor. Epod. 7, 6: “Achaïcus Ignis Iliacas domos,id. C. 1, 15, 35; cf.: “usto ab Ilio,id. Epod. 10, 13: “ustis navibus,id. ib. 9, 8: “neglectis urenda filix innascitur agris,id. S. 1, 3, 37: “cum frondibus uritur arbos,Ov. M. 2, 212 et saep.: “acanthi radices ustis laxatisque mire prosunt,burned, scorched, Plin. 22, 22, 34, § 76: “a sole usti,id. 23, 4, 42, § 85: “ecce sexus infirmus se uri perpetitur,Lact. 5, 13, 14: “urbis hostium,Tac. H. 2, 12: “praedas,id. A. 4, 48: “regionem,Curt. 4, 9, 8; 4, 14, 2.—
b. Of encaustic painting, to burn in (very rare): “picta coloribus ustis puppis,Ov. F. 4, 275: “tabulam coloribus,id. ib. 3, 831.—
B. Transf.
2. To rub sore; to gall, fret, chafe, corrode: “calceus ... si pede minor, uret,Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 43: “si te gravis uret sarcina chartae,id. ib. 1, 13, 6: “teneros urit lorica lacertos,Prop. 4 (5), 3, 23.uri virgis,Hor. S. 2, 7, 58: “loris non ureris,id. Ep. 1, 16, 47: “antiqua terebra urit eam partem quam perforat: Gallica excavat nec urit,Col. Arb. 8, 3: “ut prensos urant juga prima juvencos,Ov. R. Am. 235. —
II. Trop., to burn, inflame, consume with passion; in pass., to burn, glow, be heated, be inflamed, be enamored; of love or lust: “me tamen urit amor,Verg. E. 2, 68: “Daphnis me malus urit,id. ib. 8, 83: “vires urit videndo Femina,id. G. 3, 215: “urit me Glycerae nitor, Urit grata protervitas,Hor. C. 1, 19, 5 sq.Pass.: “uritur infelix Dido,Verg. A. 4, 68: Hor. Epod. 14, 13; Ov. M. 1, 496; 3, 464; 7, 22; “13, 763 al.: meum jecur urere bilis,Hor. S. 1, 9, 66: “ira communiter urit utrumque,id. Ep. 1, 2, 13.—Pass.: “uror, seu, etc.,Hor. C. 1, 13, 9.—Of envy: “urit fulgore suo,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 13.—
B. Transf.
1. To vex, annoy: “uro hominem,I gall the fellow, Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 42; cf. pass.: “id nunc his cerebrum uritur, Me esse hos trecentos Philippos facturum lucri,Plaut. Poen. 3, 5, 25. —
2. In gen., to disturb, harass, annoy, oppress: “eos bellum Romanum urebat,Liv. 10, 17, 1; cf. pass.: “quo (bello) Italia urebatur,id. 27, 39, 9: “labor aliquem urens,id. 36, 23, 5: “captos legibus ure tuis,Ov. Am. 1, 8, 70: “populum gravis urebat infesto mari annona,Vell. 2, 77, 1: “urebat nobilem populum ablatum mare,Flor. 2, 6, 2.
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