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verber , ĕris (nom., dat., and
I.acc. sing. do not occur, and the sing. in gen. very rarely; Neue, Formenl. 1, p. 476), n., a lash, whip, scourge, rod (syn.: scutica, flagrum),
I. Lit. (rare; perh. not in Cic., but cf. in II. B.).
(α). Plur.: Tr. Quid me fiet nunc jam? Th. Verberibus caedere, lutum, pendens, Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 45: “verberibus caedere,id. Pers. 2, 3, 17; Ter. And. 1, 2, 28: “adulescentem nudari jubet verberaque adferri,Liv. 8, 28, 4: “verbera saetosa movebat arator,Prop. 4 (5), 1, 25. Verg. A. 5, 147; Quint. Decl. 19, 3.—
II. Transf.
A. Concr., a thong of a sling and other similar missile weapons (poet.; “syn. lorum),Verg. G. 1, 309; Sil. 1, 314; Luc. 3, 469.—
B. Abstr., a lashing, scourging, flogging, etc. (class.; syn. plaga).
1. Lit.
b. Of inanim. things, a stripe, stroke, blow (mostly poet.).
(α). Plur.: “turgentis caudae,Hor. S. 2, 7, 49: “ventorum,Lucr. 5, 957; 6, 115: “radiorum (solis),id. 5, 485; 5, 1104: “aquarum,Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 288.—Of the strokes of oars: “puppis Verberibus senis agitur,Luc. 3, 536; Sil. 11, 493; cf. Ov. H. 18, 23.—
2. Trop., plur., lashes, strokes: “contumeliarum verbera subire,Cic. Rep. 1, 5, 9: “verbera linguae,” i. e. chidings, Hor. C. 3, 12, 3 (cf.: “verberari verbis, convicio, etc., under verbero): fortunae verbera,the strokes of fate, Gell. 13, 27, 4.
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