previous next
vertex (vortex ; cf. Quint. 1, 7, 25 The archaic form vortex was already disused in Cicero's time; cf. Ribbeck, Prol. Verg. 436 sq.; id. G. 1, 481 n. Wagn. The grammarian Caper distinguishes thus: vortex fluminis est, vertex capitis; but this distinction was unknown in the class. per.; v. Charis. p. 68), ĭcis, m. verto.
I. A whirl, eddy, whirlpool, vortex: secundo modo dicitur proprium inter plura, quae sunt ejusdem nominis, id, unde cetera ducta sunt: ut vertex est contorta in se aqua vel quicquid aliud similiter vertitur: inde propter flexum capillorum pars summa capitis; “ex hoc id, quod in montibus eminentissimum. Recte dixeris haec omnia vertices, proprie tamen, unde initium est,Quint. 8, 2, 7: “ut aquae circumlatae in se sorbeantur et vorticem efficiant,Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 2: “torto vertice torrens,Verg. A. 7, 567: “illam ... rapidus vorat aequore vertex,id. ib. 1, 117: “(flumen) minores volvere vertices,Hor. C. 2, 9, 22; Ov. M. 5, 587; 8, 556; 9, 106; id. F. 6, 502; Sil. 4, 230: “citatior solito amnis transverso vertice dolia inpulit ad ripam,Liv. 23, 19, 11; 28, 30, 11; Curt. 6, 13, 16.—
B. Trop.: “amoris,Cat. 68, 107: “officiorum,Sen. Ep. 82, 2: “quā medius pugnae vocat agmina vertex,Sil. 4, 230.—
III. The top or crown of the head.
B. Transf.
1. The head (poet.) Cat. 64, 63; 64, 310: “toto vertice supra est,Verg. A. 7, 784: “nudus,id. ib. 11, 642: “moribundus,Ov. M. 5, 84: “intonsus,Stat. Th. 6, 607; Val. Fl. 4, 307.—
2. The pole of the heavens, Cic. poët. N. D. 2, 41, 105; id. Rep. 6, 20, 21; Verg. G. 1, 242. —
3. The highest point, top, peak, summit of a mountain, house, tree, etc.: “ignes, qui ex Aetnae vertice erumpunt,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 48, § 106; Quint. 8, 3, 48; Lucr. 6, 467; Tib. 1, 7, 15; Ov. M. 1. 316; 13, 911; Petr. poët. 122; 134 fin.; Curt. 8, 3, 26: “in Erycino vertice,Verg. A. 5, 759; Val. Fl. 1, 700: “arcis,Lucr. 6, 750: “domus,Mart. 8, 36, 11; cf. Hor. C. 4, 11, 12: “theatri,Mart. 10, 19, 7: “quercūs,Verg. A. 3, 679: “pinūs,Ov. M. 10, 103.—Hence, a vertice, from above, down from above, Verg. G. 2, 310; id. A. 1, 114; 5, 444.—
b. Trop., the highest, uttermost, greatest (poet.): “dolorum anxiferi vertices, Cic. poët. Tusc. 2, 9, 21: principiorum,the highest officers, Amm. 15, 5, 16: “Alexandria enim vertex omnium est civitatum,id. 22, 16, 7.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: