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vĭdŭus , a, um, adj. Sanscr. vidhava, without a husband; cf. ve- in vecors, etc.; ἠΐθεος, single,
I.deprived or bereft of a husband or wife, bereft of a lover, spouseless, mateless, widowed.
B. Subst.: vĭdŭa , ae, f., a widow: “nupta, vidua, virgo,Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 37: “cognitor viduarum,Cic. Caecin. 5, 14: “orbarum et viduarum tributa,id. Rep. 2, 20: “viduas avaras venari,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 78.—Of unmarried women: “se rectius viduam et illum caelibem futurum fuisse contendere quam cum impari jungi,Liv. 1, 46, 7; Sen. Herc. Fur. 245; id. Med. 215; cf. Dig. 50, 16, 242, § 3.—
II. Transf.
A. Of animals: “columba,Plin. 10, 34, 52, § 104. —
C. In gen., deprived or bereft of, destitute of, without any thing (only poet. and in post-Aug. prose); constr. with a or ab, the simple abl., or gen.: “cogor adire lacus viduos a lumine Phoebi,Verg. Cul. 371: “me ipse viduus (i. e. viribus meis), Cic. poët. Tusc. 2, 10, 25: viduus pharetrā Apollo,Hor. C. 1, 10, 11: “alni (i. e. naves) moderantibus,Stat. Th. 10, 13: “clavus (gubernatore),id. ib. 10, 183: “solum arboribus,Col. 2, 2, 25; 3, 11, 5: “pabulationes pecudibus,id. 9, 4, 1: “viduus mente,App. M. 2, p. 120, 38: “nec viduum pectus amoris habet,Ov. Am. 3, 10, 18: “viduus teli,Sil. 2, 247.—Absol.: “arae,desolate, without fire, App. M. 4, p. 155, 41.
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