I.a college or board of twenty men, the vigintiviri.
I. Appointed by Cæsar during his consulship for distributing the Campanian lands, Cic. Att. 2, 6, 2; Suet. Aug. 4; cf. Vell. 2, 44, 4; Front. Colon. p. 137.—Sing., Plin. 7, 52, 53, § 176.—
II. An inferior civil court, one half of whose members assisted the prætor, and the other half presided over the roads, the mint, and public executions, Spart. Julian. 1; cf. Tac. A. 3, 29.—Sing., Inscr. Orell. 2761; 3970.—
III. A council of State, created A.D. 237, in opposition to Maximinus I., Capitol. Gord. 10; Inscr. Orell. 3042.