previous next
vinco , vīci, victum, 3, v. a. and n. perh. causat. of root ικ-; Gr. εἴκω, to yield; but cf. per-vicax; v. Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. p. 106,
I.to conquer, overcome, get the better of, defeat, subdue, vanquish, be victorious, etc. (syn.: supero, debello).
I. Lit.
A. In war or battle: “jus esse belli, ut qui vicissent, iis, quos vicissent, quemadmodum vellent, imperarent, etc.,Caes. B. G. 1, 36: “Carthaginienses navalibus pugnis,Cic. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55: “Galliam bello,Caes. B. G. 1, 34 fin.: “non virtute neque in acie vicisse Romanos,id. ib. 7, 29: “id vi et virtute militum victum atque expugnatum oppidum est,Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 36: “vicimus vi feroces,id. ib. 1, 1, 82: aio te, Aeacida, Romanos vincere posse, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56, 116 (Ann. v. 186 Vahl.): sicut fortis equus, spatio qui saepe supremo Vicit Olympia, Enn. ap. Cic. Sen. 5, 14 (Ann. v. 442 ib.): aliquando ut vincat, ludit assidue aleam, Poët. ap. Suet. Aug. 70 fin.: “L. milia,to win at play, August. ib. 71.—
B. In a lawsuit, etc., to be successful, to gain: “vincere judicio,Cic. Rosc. Com. 18, 53: “quem tu horum nil refelles, vincam scilicet,Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 82; Hor. S. 1, 2, 134: “causam suam,to win, Ov. H. 16, 76.—Pass.: “factum est: ventum est: vincimur,Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 85.—
C. In other relations, to win, prevail, be successful, gain, overcome: “sponsione,Cic. Quint. 27, 84: “sponsionem,id. Caecin. 31, 91: “vicit iter durum pietas,controlled, made easy, Verg. A. 6, 688; cf. Mart. 5, 23, 5; Claud. Cons. Hon. 46: “labor omnia vicit,Verg. G. 1, 145; cf. “difficultates, Auct. B. G. 8, 21: virgam,to win, Verg. A. 6, 148: “vicit tamen in Senatu pars illa, quae, etc.,Sall. J. 16, 1: “factione respectuque rerum privatarum ... Appius vicit,Liv. 2, 30, 2: “cum in senatu vicisset sententia, quae, etc.,id. 2, 4: Othonem vincas volo, to outbid (in an auction), Cic. Att. 13, 29, 2; 13, 33, 2.—To defeat as a candidate for office: “competitorem in suffragiis,Quint. 7, 1, 29.—
D. Transf., of inanimate subjects.
3. To surmount, scale: “aëra (sagittae),Verg. G. 2, 123; cf.: “montes ascensu,Claud. III. Cons. Hon. 46.—
II. Trop.
B. In partic.
1. To overmatch in some quality, to surpass, exceed, excel, = superare: “stellarum globi terrae magnitudinem facile vincebant,Cic. Rep. 6, 16, 16: “opinionem vicit omnium, quae, etc.,id. Ac. 2, 1, 1: “exspectationem omnium,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 5, § 11: “eam (noctem) edepol etiam multo haec (nox) vicit longitudine,Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 125: “morum immanitate vastissimas vincit beluas,Cic. Rep. 2, 26, 48: “quamlibet mulierculam Vincere mollitiā,Hor. Epod. 11, 24: “odio qui posset vincere Regem,id. S. 1, 7, 6: “scribere, quod Cassi opuscula vincat,id. Ep. 1, 4, 3; cf.: “qualia (praecepta) vincunt Pythagoran,id. S. 2, 4, 2.—Poet. with inf.: vir nulli victus vel ponere castra vel junxisse ratem, etc., excelled by none in pitching a camp, etc., Sil. 5, 552; 6, 141.—
2. To prove triumphantly, show or demonstrate conclusively.
3. With respect to something disputed, to prevail, gain one's point, carry the day. So only in the expressions,
b. Vincite, viceris, vincerent, have it your own way, just as you like, carry your point, an expression of reluctant assent: “vincite, si ita vultis,Caes. B. G. 5, 30; Ov. M. 8, 509: “vincerent ac sibi haberent, dummodo scirent,Suet. Caes. 1 fin.: “viceris,Ter. And. 5, 3, 21.—
4. To treat worthily, set forth with dignity (poet.): “nec sum animi dubius, verbis ea vincere magnum Quam sit,Verg. G. 3, 289; cf.: “vincere verbis,Lucr. 5, 733.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: