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vindĭco (on account of a supposed derivation from venum - dico, also written vendĭco ), āvi, ātum, 1 (collat. form, acc. to the 3d conj., VINDICIT, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1 fin.), v. a. vim - dico, prop. to assert authority, viz. in a case where legal possession of a thing claimed is refused; hence, transf.,
I.to lay legal claim to a thing, whether as one's own property or for its restoration to a free condition.
I. Lit.: IN. IVS. DVCITO. NI IVDICATVM FACIT AVT QVIS ENDO EOM IVRE VINDICIT, i. e. eum in jure vindicat, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 45; cf., on the form of laying claim to disputed personal property, Gai Inst. 4, 16: “vindicare sponsam in libertatem,Liv. 3, 45, 11; cf. id. 3, 48, 5; 3, 46, 7: “puellam,id. 3, 46, 3: “ita vindicatur Virginia spondentibus propinquis,id. 3, 46, 8.—
II. Transf., in gen. (freq. and class.; cf. assero).
A. To lay claim to as one's own, to make a claim upon, to demand, claim, arrogate, assume, appropriate a thing: “omnia non Quiritium sed sapientium jure pro suis vindicare,Cic. Rep. 1, 17, 27: “videor id meo jure quodam modo vindicare,id. Off. 1, 1, 2: “Homerum ... Chii suum vindicant,id. Arch. 8, 19: “ortūs nostri partem patria vindicat,id. Off. 1, 7, 22: “maximam partem quasi suo jure Fortuna sibi vindicat,id. Marcell. 2, 6: “ceterarum rerum quae sunt in oratore, partem aliquam sibi quisque vindicat,id. Or. 19, 69: “quod neque summi imperatores ... sibi umquam vindicare sunt ausi,Quint. 1, prooem. § 14: “partem oneris tui mihi vindico,Plin. Ep. 6, 32, 2: “majestatem sibi,id. Pan. 42, 1: “partis sibi aequas potentiae,Suet. Tib. 50; id. Tit. 5; Sen. Ira, 3, 30, 3; id. Cons. Helv. 3, 9; id. Q. N. 1, 1, 10; Val. Max. 4, 3, 1; 5, 3, ext. 2; cf. Plin. Pan. 8, 2; Val. Max. 4, 5, 3: iniquissima haec bellorum condicio est; prospera omnes sibi vindicant, adversa uni imputantur, Tac. Agr. 27: “victoriae majore parte ad se vindicatā,Liv. 44, 14, 8: “decus belli ad se,id. 9, 43, 14: “tanta tamen universae Galliae consensio fuit libertatis vindicandae, ut, etc.,should be maintained, vindicated, Caes. B. G. 7, 76: “Trasimenum pro Tarsimeno multi auctores ... vindicaverunt,have adopted, Quint. 1, 5, 13; so id. 1, 5, 26: “vindicet antiquam faciem, vultusque ferinos Detrahat,reassume, Ov. M. 2, 523.—Poet., with inf.: “vindicat hoc Pharius dextrā gestare satelles,Luc. 8, 675.—
B. To place a thing in a free condition.
2. Transf. (after the analogy of ulcisci): vindicare se ab (de) aliquo, to revenge one's self upon one: “se ab illo,Sen. Ben. 6, 5, 3: “se de fortunā praefationibus,Plin. Ep. 4, 11, 14.—Pass.: “quantā saevitiā opus erat, ut Sulla de Mario vindicaretur,Flor. 3, 21, 19.
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