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vīta , ae (
I.gen. sing. vitaï, Lucr. 1, 415; 2, 79; 3, 396), f. vivo; Sanscr. gīv, to live; Gr. βίος, life, life.
I. Lit.
II. Transf.
A. A living, support, subsistence (Plautinian; “syn. victus): vitam sibi repperire,Plaut. Stich. 3, 2, 9; cf.: “neque illi concedam quicquam de vitā meā,id. Trin. 2, 4, 76.—
B. A life, i. e. a way or mode of life (class.): vita hominis ex ante factis spectabitur, Auct. Her. 2, 3, 4: “vita rustica honestissima atque suavissima,Cic. Rosc. Am. 17, 48: “hanc usus, vita, mores respuit,id. Mur. 35, 74; cf.: “inquirendo in utriusque vitam et mores,Liv. 40, 16, 2; so (with mores) Ov. H. 17, 172 Ruhnk.: “neque ante philosophiam patefactam hac de re communis vita dubitavit,nor was it doubted in common life, Cic. Div. 1, 39, 86: “vita, victusque communis,social life, id. Off. 1, 17, 58; cf.: “omni vitā atque victu excultus,id. Brut. 25, 95.—Plur.: “inspicere, tamquam in speculum, in vitas omnium,Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 61; cf.: “per omnium vitas amicitia serpit,Cic. Leal. 23, 87: “(Minos) vitas et crimina discit,Verg. A. 6, 433. —
D. Like our life, to denote a very dear object: “certe tu vita es mihi,Plaut. As. 3, 3, 24; cf. Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 33.—Hence, mea vita, or simply vita, my life, as a term of endearment, Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 6; Cic. Fam. 14, 2, 3; 14, 4, 1; Prop. 1, 2, 1; 2, 20 (3, 13), 17.—
E. The living, i. e. mankind, the world; like Gr. βίος (poet. and in postAug. prose): “rura cano, rurisque deos, his vita magistris Desuevit quernā pellere glande famem,Tib. 2, 1, 37: “agnoscat mores vita legatque suos,Mart. 8, 3, 20: “verum falsumne sit, vita non decrevit,Plin. 8, 16, 19, § 48: “alias in tumultu vita erat,id. 13, 13, 27, § 89.—
F. A life, i. e. a course of life, career, as the subject of biography: in hoc exponemus libro de vitā (al. vitam) excellentium imperatorum, Nep. praef. § 8; id. Epam. 4 fin.: “vitae memoriam prosā oratione composuit,Suet. Claud. 1 fin.: “propositā vitae ejus velut summā,id. Aug. 9: “referam nunc interiorem ac familiarem ejus vitam,id. ib. 61; cf. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 368: “qui vitas resque gestas clarorum hominum memoriae mandaverunt,Gell. 1, 3, 1.—
G. The duration of life (in plants, etc.), duration: “arborum immensa,Plin. 16, 44, 85, § 234; 16, 44, 90, § 241; Pall. 12, 7, 17.—
H. An existence, a being, of spirits in the infernal regions: “tenues sine corpore vitae,Verg. A. 6, 292; cf. id. ib. 12, 952.
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