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vĕnĭo , vēni, ventum, 4 (
I.fut. venibo, Pompon. ap. Non. 508, 23; imperf. venibat, Ter. Phorm. 4, 3, 47; gen. plur, part. sync. venientum, Verg. G. 4, 167; id. A. 1, 434; 6, 755), v. n. Sanscr. root gā, go; Zend root gā, gam, go; Gr. ΒΑ-, βαίνω; Lat. ar-biter, venio; Goth. quiman; O. H. Germ. quëman, koman; Engl. come; v. Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. p. 466, to come (cf. accedo).
I. Lit.: “nunc, cujus jussu venio et quam ob rem venerim, Dicam, etc.,Plaut. Am. prol. 17: “veni, vidi, vici,Suet. Caes. 37: imus, venimus, videmus. Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 53: “maritimus hostis ante adesse potest quam quisquam venturum esse suspicari queat, etc.,Cic. Rep. 2, 3, 6: “venio ad macellum,Plaut. Aul. 2, 8, 3: “ut veni ad urbem, etc.,Cic. Fam. 16, 12, 2: “cupio, te ad me venire,id. ib. 16, 10, 1; Plaut. As. 2, 4, 2: “mihi si spatium fuerit in Tusculanum veniendi,Cic. Fam. 9, 5, 3: “Cato ... cum venerat ad se in Sabinos,had come home, id. Rep. 3, 28, 40: “quia nudius quartus venimus in Cariam ex Indiā,Plaut. Curc. 3, 68: “sexto die Delum Athenis venimus,Cic. Att. 5, 12, 1: “Italiam fato profugus, Laviniaque venit Litora,Verg. A. 1, 2: “tumulum antiquae Cereris sedemque sacratam Venimus,id. ib. 2, 743 (cf. devenio): “vin' ad te ad cenam veniam,Plaut. Stich. 3, 2, 30: “mercator venit huc ad ludos,id. Cist. 1, 3, 9: “homo ad praetorem deplorabundus venit,id. Aul. 2, 4, 38: “neque ego te derisum venio neque derideo,id. ib. 2, 2, 46: “ad istum emptum venerunt illum locum senatorium,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 124.—With inf.: “parasitus modo venerat aurum petere,Plaut. Bacch. 4, 3, 18: “non nos Libycos populare penates Venimus,Verg. A. 1, 528.— “Of inanimate subjects: navis huc ex portu Persico Venit,Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 249: “denique in os salsi venit umor saepe saporis, Cum mare vorsamur propter,Lucr. 4, 220: “(aër) Per patefacta venit penetratque foramina,id. 4, 891: “(speculi imago) Dum venit ad nostras acies,id. 4, 279: “sub aspectum venire,Cic. de Or. 2, 87, 358: “in conspectu,Caes. B. C. 2, 27: “in conspectum,Hirt. B. G. 8, 48; Cic. Fin. 1, 7, 24: “muliebris vox mihi ad aures venit,Plaut. Rud. 1, 4, 13; “in Italiā te moraturum, dum tibi litterae meae veniant,reaches you, Cic. Fam. 11, 24, 2: hereditas unicuique nostrum venit, comes, i. e. descends to each of us, id. Caecin. 26, 74; cf.: “hic Verres hereditatem sibi venisse arbitratus est, quod in ejus regnum ac manus venerat is, quem, etc.,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 27, § 62: hic segetes, illic veniunt felicius uvae, come forth, i. e. grow, Verg. G. 1, 54; so, “arbores sponte suā,id. ib. 2, 11; 2, 58; Prop. 1, 2, 10. —
(β). Impers. pass., we, they, etc., came or have come, etc.: “Lilybaeum venitur,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 54, § 141: ad me ventum est, it has fallen to me, id Quint. 1, 3: “dum ad flumen Varum veniatur,Caes. B. C. 1, 87: “(Galli) veniri ad se confestim existimantes, ad arma conclamant,id. B. G. 7, 70: “ventum in insulam est,Cic. Leg. 2, 3, 6: “ubi eo ventum est,Caes. B. G. 1, 43: “ad quos ventum erat,id. ib. 2, 11; “3, 23: eo cum esset ventum,id. ib. 7, 61.—
B. Esp., to come. spring, be descended: “qui se Bebryciā veniens Amyci de gente ferebat (i. e. qui se ferebat venientem, etc.),Verg. A. 5, 373 Forbig. ad loc. —
II. Trop.
A. In gen.: “vides, quo progrediente oratione venturum me puto,Cic. Rep. 1, 40, 62. ut jam a principio videndum sit, quemadmodum velis venire ad extremum orationis, id. Or. 59, 201: “contra rem suam me nescio quando venisse questus est,that I appeared, id. Phil. 2, 2, 3: contra amici summam existimationem, id. Att. 1, 1, 4: “si rem nullam habebis, quod in buccam venerit, scribito,id. ib. 1, 12, 4; “v. bucca: si quid in mentem veniet,id. ib. 12, 36, 1.—So in Cic. with nom. only of neutr. pron. or res; but freq. impers. with gen.: “cum matronarum ac virginum veniebat in mentem,when I thought of, Cic. Sull. 6, 19: “venit enim mihi in mentem oris tui,id. Rosc. Am. 34, 95; id. Sull. 14, 38; v. also mens, II. B. fin. and the passages there cited: “oratorum laus ita ducta ab humili venit ad summum, ut, etc.,id. Tusc. 2, 2, 5: “prava ex falsis opinionibus veniunt,Quint. 5, 10, 34: “vitium pejus, quod ex inopiā, quam quod ex copiā venit,id. 2, 4, 4: “non omne argumentum undique venit,id. 5, 10, 21.—With dat.: “existimabunt majus commodum ex otio meo quam ex aliorum negotiis reipublicae venturum,Sall. J. 4, 4; 8, 2: “ubi ea dies, quam constituerat cum legatis, venit,Caes. B. G. 1, 8; so, “dies,id. ib. 7, 3: “tempus victoriae,id. ib. 7, 66; cf.: “suum tempus eorum laudi,Quint. 3, 1, 21: “non sumus omnino sine curā venientis anni,for the coming year, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 4, 4: “exemplum trahens Perniciem veniens in aevum,Hor. C. 3, 5, 16: “veniens aetas,the future, Ov. F. 6, 639.—Of events, to come, i. e. to happen: “quod hodie venit,Tac. A. 14, 43.—
B. In partic.
1. Venire in aliquid (rarely ad aliquid; v. infra), to come into, fall into any state or condition (so esp. freq.): venisse alicui in amicitiam, to have obtained one's friendship or alliance, Caes. B. G. 6, 5, 4: “in calamitatem,Cic. Rosc. Am. 17, 49: “in cognitionem alicujus,Quint. 7, 2, 20: “in consuetudinem,Cic. Caecin. 2, 6; cf.: “quaedam in consuetudinem ex utilitatis ratione venerunt,id. Inv. 2, 53, 160: “in proverbii consuetudinem,id. Off. 2, 15, 55.—Of a personal subject: “(milites) qui in consuetudinem Alexandrinae vitae venerant,Caes. B. C. 3, 110: “ut non solum hostibus in contemptionem Sabinus veniret, sed, etc.,had fallen into contempt, id. B. G. 3, 17: “in contentionem, etc.,Cic. Div. 2, 63, 129: “si falso venisses in suspitionem, P. Sestio,id. Vatin. 1, 2: “summum in cruciatum,Caes. B. G. 1, 31: “aut in controversiam aut in contentionem,Quint. 3, 6, 44: “in discrimen,Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 16: “in dubium,id. Quint. 2, 5: “in alicujus fidem ac potestatem,to place one's self under the protection and in the power of a person, to surrender at discretion, Caes. B. G. 2, 13: “ne in odium veniam,Cic. Fin. 2, 24, 79; cf.: “Tarquinii nomen huic populo in odium venisse regium,id. Rep. 1, 40, 62: “ipse illi perditae multitudini in odium acerbissimum venerit,id. Att. 10, 8, 6: in eam opinionem Cassius veniebat, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 10, 2: “in partem alicujus,to take part in it, Cic. Fam. 14, 2, 3: “in periculum,Caes. B. C. 1, 17: “in sermonem alicujus,” i. e. to enter into conversation, Cic. Att. 14, 1, 1; “and in another sense: cum loquerer cum Phaniā, veni in eum sermonem, ut dicerem, etc.,I happened to say that, id. Fam. 3, 5, 3: “nonnullam in spem veneram, posse me, etc.,id. de Or. 2, 54, 217: “summam in spem per Helvetios regni obtinendi venire,to entertain hopes, to hope, Caes. B. G. 1, 18.— Esp. with res as subject, the affair came to, reached the point, etc.: “res proxime formam latrocinii venerat,Liv. 2, 48, 5; 2, 56, 5: “res venit prope secessionem,id. 6, 42, 10. ad ultimum dimicationis rati rem venturam, id. 2, 56, 5: “cum speramus eo rem venturam, ut, etc.,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 226.—Impers.: “saepe in eum locum ventum est, ut, etc.,to such a point that, Caes. B. G. 6, 43; Liv. 7, 30, 9.—
(β). Ad aliquid: bene agis, Alba; “ad tuam veniam condicionem,will accept, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 62, § 146: “ad summum fortunae,to attain, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 32.—
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