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fīcus , i and ūs (
I.dat. sing., gen., dat., and abl. plur., always of second decl.; in other cases of second or fourth; v. Neue, Formenl. 1, 532 sq.—Masc., Mart. 1, 65, 4; 7, 71, 6; Macr. S. 2, 16. The declension and gender were disputed even among the ancients; cf. Varr. L. L. 9, § 80 Müll.; Charis. p. 103 P.; Prisc. p. 713 ib.), f. etym. dub.; cf. σῦκον, σϝυκον, a fig-tree.
I. Lit.: “cortex levis fico,Plin. 16, 31, 55, § 126 sqq.: “fici, quarum radices longissimae,id. 16, 31, 56, § 130: “exceptā fico,id. 16, 26, 49, § 113: “ficos mariscas in loco cretoso serito,Cato, R. R. 8, 1, v. marisca: “homini Phrygi, qui arborem fici numquam vidisset, fiscinam ficorum objecisti,Cic. Fl. 17, 41: Ruminalis and Rumina, v. 1. Rumina, II. A. and B.: “quod diceret, uxorem suam suspendisse se de ficu,Cic. de Or. 2, 69, 278 (for which Quintilian, in making the same statement: “quod uxor sua e fico se suspendisset,Quint. 6, 3, 88): “sub una ficu,Plin. 7, 2, 2, § 21.— Poet.: “pepedi diffissa nate ficus, i. e. ut ficus (cuius lignum magnopere fissile),Hor. S. 1, 8, 47.—
II. Transf.
A. The fruit of the fig-tree, a fig: fici dulciferae, Enn. ap. Charis. p. 103 P. (Ann. v. 71 ed. Vahl.): “ficis victitamus aridis,Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 59: “Zacyntho ficos fieri non malas,id. Merc. 5, 2, 102: “per ficos, quas edimus,Varr. R. R. 1, 41, 5: “ex fici tantulo grano,Cic. de Sen. 15, 52: “suamque pulla ficus ornat arborem,Hor. Epod. 16, 46: dum ficus prima calorque, etc., the first ripe figs (denoting the beginning of autumn), id. Ep. 1, 7, 5: “pinguibus ficis pastum jecur anseris,id. S. 2, 8, 88: “nux ornabat mensas cum duplice ficu,a split fig, id. ib. 2, 2, 122, v. also in the foll.—Ante- and post-class. in masc.: sicuti cum primos ficus propola recentes Protulit, Lucil. ap. Non. 154, 27: “grossi,Macr. S. 2, 16.—
B. The piles (from their shape): “cum dixi ficus, rides quasi barbara verba, Et dici ficos, Caeciliane, jubes. Dicemus ficus, quas scimus in arbore nasci: Dicemus ficos, Caeciliane, tuas (al. tuos, v. the commentators, ad loc.),Mart. 1, 65, 4 (cf. the same sort of pun in another place, Mart. 7, 71).—Hence poet. transf., of one who has the piles, Mart. 4, 52, 2.
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hide References (8 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (8):
    • Plautus, Rudens, 3.4
    • Horace, Satires, 2.8.88
    • Plautus, Mercator, 5.2
    • Cicero, On Oratory, 2.69
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 7.21
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 16.113
    • Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 6, 3.88
    • Martial, Epigrammata, 7.71
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