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rŭdis , is, f. (
I.abl. sing. rudi, Capitol. Opil. Macr. 4, 5), a slender stick or rod.
I. To stir with in cooking; a stirring-stick, spatula: “versato crebro duabus rudibus,Cato, R. R. 79; so, “ferreae,Plin. 34, 18, 50, § 170; cf. rudicula.—
II. A staff used by soldiers and gladiators in their exercises (perh. a wooden sword), answering to a quarter-staff, a foil (freq. and class.): “(milites) rudibus inter se in modum justae pugnae concurrerunt,Liv. 26, 51; 40, 6 and 9 Drak. N. cr. (al. sudibus); Ov. Am. 2, 9, 22; id. A. A. 3, 515: “rudibus batuere,Suet. Calig. 32.—Hence, transf.: PRIMA or SVMMA RVDIS (also in one word, SVMMARVDIS), the first or head fencer, the fencing-master, Inscr. Orell. 2575; 2584: SECVNDA RVDIS, the second fencer, the fencing-master's assistant, ib. 2573 sq.—A gladiator received such a rudis when honorably discharged (whence he was called rudiarius): “tam bonus gladiator rudem tam cito accepisti?Cic. Phil. 2, 29, 74: “acceptā rude,Juv. 6, 113: “essedario rudem indulgere,Suet. Claud. 21.—And hence transf. to other persons who receive an honorable discharge: “tardā vires minuente senectā, Me quoque donari jam rude tempus erat,” i. e. to dismiss, discharge, Ov. Tr. 4, 8, 24; id. Am. 2, 9, 22; cf.: “spectatum satis et donatum jam rude,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 2 (v. Orell. ad h. l.): “ergo sibi dabit ipse rudem,Juv. 7, 171; Mart. 3, 36, 10.
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hide References (6 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (6):
    • Cicero, Philippics, 2.29.74
    • Suetonius, Caligula, 32
    • Suetonius, Divus Claudius, 21
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 26, 51
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 40, 6
    • Ovid, Tristia, 4.8
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