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Angarīa

ἀγγαρεία). A word borrowed from the Persians, signifying a system of posting which was used among that people, and which, according to Xenophon, was established by Cyrus. Horses were provided at certain distances along the principal roads of the empire; so that couriers (ἄγγαροι), who also of course relieved one another at certain distances, could proceed without interruption both night and day (Herod.viii. 98; iii. 126; Xen. Cyrop. viii. 6.17). Among the Romans, the word was used to denote compulsory service in forwarding imperial messages. See Digest, l. tit. 4, s. 18.4, 29; and the article Cursus Publicus.

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