previous next


An ancient town of Latium on a rocky promontory running into the Tuscan Sea. It was founded by the Tyrrhenians and Pelasgians, and was noted for its piracy. It was taken by the Romans in B.C. 468, and a colony was sent thither; but it revolted, was taken a second time by the Romans in 338, was deprived of all its ships, the beaks of which (rostra) served to ornament the platform of the speakers in the Roman Forum, and received another Roman colony. In the latter times of the Republic, and under the Empire, it was a favourite residence of many of the Roman nobles and emperors. The emperor Nero was born here, and in the remains of his palace was found the famous statue of the Apollo Belvedere. See Apollo.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: