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ὄξος). Vinegar. The kinds most in repute among the ancients were the Ægyptian and Cnidian. Pliny gives a full account of the medical properties of vinegar. Among other applications, it was employed when leeches had been introduced into the stomach, or adhered to the larynx. Vinegar was also given in long-standing coughs, just as modern practitioners give oxymels in chronic catarrhs, and it appears to have been thought useful in affections of the ear. Acetum Italĭcum is the proverbial expression for the rude humor of the old Italian, just as sal Atticum is used of Greek wit.

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