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Ἀχαρναί). The principal deme of Attica belonging to the tribe Oeneïs, 60 stadia north of Athens, near the foot of Mt. Parnes. The land was fertile, and the population rough and warlike, furnishing at the commencement of the Peloponnesian War 3000 hoplites, or one-tenth of the whole infantry of the republic. The deme gives the name to one of the plays of Aristophanes (q.v.) (Ἀχαρνεῖς), represented B.C. 425.

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